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Lajes do Pico

Lajes do Pico is a municipality in the southern part of the Azores. The municipality is located; the population in 2011 was 4,711, in an area of 155.31 km². It is bordered by Madalena by São Roque do Pico to the north; the first settlement to be established on the southern part of the island of along Penedo Negro, in the cove of Castelete sometime around 1460. The rough seas at the time only allowed the navigator Fernando Álvares Evangelho to offload at the time, he and his dog would occupy the land near the ravine for many years: the ravine of potable water took its name Ribeira Fernado Álvares from this early colonist, his former residence still remains near the site. When his colleagues arrived they disembarked farther east in the area designated Santa Cruz das Ribeiras. A few remain at this site, including Jordão Álvares Caralta, while other stayed along the coast, near Maré. In addition to their homes, they constructed the small Hermitage of São Pedro, where its first priest was friar Pedro Gigante, whom some historians consider the first person to introduce the Verdelho caste to the islands.

The town of Lajes never received a foral typical of continental settlements. Lajes was the first municipality on Pico and, until 1542, the only one on the island. Lacerda Machado, in Espelho Cristalino estimated that the population was no more than about 250 inhabitants by 1506. From this point, Lajes do Pico was constituted by a few parishes: among them were São João, Santíssima Trindade, Calheta de Nesquim and Piedade. In 1540, the municipality of Lajes included the parishes of Santa Bárbara, Santíssima Trindade, São Mateus, Santa Maria Madalena, São Roque e Nossa Senhora da Ajuda. Over time, this island-wide governmental authority would be ceded to local constituent authorities, as the populations grew and demanded autonomy from distant Lajes, who understood little of their regional demands. In 1542, King D. John III decided to divide the municipal in two, constituting the municipality of Vila Nova de São Roque, with its parishes of São Roque, Nossa Senhora da Ajuda and Madalena, its first constituent assembly was seated in 1543.

It would be several decades before the municipality of Madalena would be a distinct local authority: on 8 March 1723, the parishes of Madalena, Bandeiras and São Mateus would become its own authority. Extinguished in 1895, the municipality would be reestablished on 13 January 1898 by royal decree. Álvaro de Ornelas the first Captain-Donatary for the island of Pico never arrived on the island, never took power. Jôs d'Utra Donatary-Captain of Faial, took over this role in 1482, as the Captaincy of Pico; when the first men arrived on the Island, the found a raised stone, vomitted by the volcanoes: colossal stones, huddled at random, like those which are loosened over the pebbles and cliffs of the coast. But the bastards raised their foreheads, they were men... They smashed, removed stone, opened paths...and the earth began to rise! In 15 September 1980, by decree of the regional assembly of the Azores, the civil parish of Ribeirinha was de-annexed from the territory of Piedade to form its own autonomous parish.

The six civil parishes form the municipality of Lajes do Pico, with their own local authority, including: Calheta de Nesquim Lajes do Pico Piedade Ribeiras Ribeirinha São João Melo, Dias de, Pedras negras, Lajes do Pico, Portugal

Gunar Kirchbach

Gunar Kirchbach is a German sprint canoer who competed in the mid-to-late 1990s. He won a gold medal in the C-2 1000 m event at the 1996 Summer Olympics, together with teammate Andreas Dittmer. Kirchbach won five medals at the ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships with two golds and three bronzes. Database Olympics.com profile ICF medalists for Olympic and World Championships – Part 1: flatwater: 1936–2007 at WebCite. Additional archives: Wayback Machine. ICF medalists for Olympic and World Championships – Part 2: rest of flatwater and remaining canoeing disciplines: 1936–2007 at WebCite Evans, Hilary. "Gunar Kirchbach". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC