1548 capture of Aden

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Background[edit]

Aden cannon of Hadim Suleiman Pasha founded by Mohammed ibn Hamza in 1530-31 for an Ottoman invasion of India. Taken in the capture of Aden in 1839 by Cap. H.Smith of HMS Volage. Tower of London.
Capture of Aden
Part of The Ottoman-Portuguese War
Ottoman fleet Indian Ocean 16th century.jpg
Ottoman fleet in the Indian Ocean in the 16th century.
Date 26 February 1548
Location Aden, Yemen
Result Ottoman victory*Ottomans capture Aden
Belligerents
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg Ottoman Empire Flag of Portugal (1521).svg Portuguese Empire
Commanders and leaders
Fictitious Ottoman flag 2.svg Piri Reis

The Capture of Aden of 1548 was accomplished when Ottomans under Piri Reis managed to take the harbour of Aden in Yemen from the Portuguese on 26 February 1548.[1]

Aden had already been captured by the Ottomans for Suleiman the Magnificent in 1538 by Hadim Suleiman Pasha, in order to provide an Ottoman base for raids against Portuguese possessions on the western coast of India.[2] Sailing on to India, the Ottomans failed against the Portuguese at the Siege of Diu in September 1538, but then returned to Aden where they fortified the city with 100 pieces of artillery,[2][3] from this base, Sulayman Pasha managed to take control of the whole country of Yemen, also taking Sa'na.[2] Aden arose against the Ottomans however and invited the Portuguese instead, so that the Portuguese were in control of the city until its capture by Piri Reis.

Piri Reis would continue with successes against the Portuguese with the Capture of Muscat (1552).

The Battles of The Portuguese-Ottoman War[edit]

Portuguese Victories Ottoman Victories
The Battle of Cannanore (1506) [4][5] The Battle of Diu (1531) [6]
The Battle of Diu (1509) [7][8][9][10][11][12] The Battle of Preveza (1538) [13]
The Conquest of Goa (1510) [14][15] The Battle of Sahar [Algiers] (1541) [16]
The Conquest of Tunis (1535) [17][18] Capture of Aden (1548) [19]
The First Siege of Diu (1538) [20][21][22][23] Capture of Muscat (1552) [24]
Battle of Wayna Daga (1543) [25][26] Battle of Alcazar Quibir (1579) [27]
The Second Siege of Diu (1546) [28] [29][30]
The Siege of Hormuz (1552) [31] [32]
The Battle of 1553 (Hormuz Campaign) [33][34]
The Battle of 1554 (Hormuz Campaign) [35][36]
The Siege of Bahrain (1559) [37][38]
The Siege of Mazagao (1562) [39][40][41]
The Siege of Malacca (1568) [42][43]
The Battle of Lepanto (1571) [44][45][46]
The Battle of Mombasa (1589) [47][48][49]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ History of the Ottoman Empire and modern Turkey by Ezel Kural Shaw p.106-107 [1]
  2. ^ a b c The history of Aden, 1839-72 by Zaka Hanna Kour p.2
  3. ^ An economic and social history of the Ottoman Empire by Halil İnalcik p.326 [2]
  4. ^ Kurup, K. K. N. (1997). India's Naval Traditions: The Role of Kunhali Marakkars. Northern Book Centre. ISBN 9788172110833. 
  5. ^ Diffie, Bailey Wallys (1977). Foundations of the Portuguese Empire, 1415-1580. U of Minnesota Press. ISBN 9780816607822. 
  6. ^ Emiralioglu, Pinar (2016-12-05). Geographical Knowledge and Imperial Culture in the Early Modern Ottoman Empire. Routledge. ISBN 9781351934213. 
  7. ^ Kurup, K. K. N. (1997). India's Naval Traditions: The Role of Kunhali Marakkars. Northern Book Centre. ISBN 9788172110833. 
  8. ^ Weir, William (2009-03-30). 50 Battles That Changed the World: The Conflicts That Most Influenced the Course of History: Easyread Comfort Edition. ReadHowYouWant.com. ISBN 9781442976863. 
  9. ^ Adas, Michael (1993). Islamic & European Expansion: The Forging of a Global Order. Temple University Press. ISBN 9781566390682. 
  10. ^ Grant, R. G. (2017-10-24). 1001 Battles That Changed the Course of History. Book Sales. ISBN 9780785835530. 
  11. ^ Paine, Lincoln (2014-02-06). The Sea and Civilization: A Maritime History of the World. Atlantic Books. ISBN 9781782393573. 
  12. ^ Paine, Lincoln (2014-02-06). The Sea and Civilization: A Maritime History of the World. Atlantic Books. ISBN 9781782393573. 
  13. ^ Goldstein, Jack (2014-01-22). 101 Amazing Facts about Pirates. Andrews UK Limited. ISBN 9781783335299. 
  14. ^ Crowley, Roger (2015-09-15). Conquerors: How Portugal seized the Indian Ocean and forged the First Global Empire. Faber & Faber. ISBN 9780571290918. 
  15. ^ Mathew, K. M. (1988). History of the Portuguese Navigation in India, 1497-1600. Mittal Publications. ISBN 9788170990468. 
  16. ^ Mikaberidze, Alexander (2011-07-31). Conflict and Conquest in the Islamic World: A Historical Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9781598843361. 
  17. ^ Crowley, Roger (2009-06-04). Empires of the Sea: The Final Battle for the Mediterranean, 1521-1580. Faber & Faber. ISBN 9780571250806. 
  18. ^ Diffie, Bailey Wallys (1977). Foundations of the Portuguese Empire, 1415-1580. U of Minnesota Press. ISBN 9780816607822. 
  19. ^ King, Joe (1986-12-01). Süleyman the Magnificent. Marine Publishing. 
  20. ^ Adas, Michael (1993). Islamic & European Expansion: The Forging of a Global Order. Temple University Press. ISBN 9781566390682. 
  21. ^ Mathew, K. M. (1988). History of the Portuguese Navigation in India, 1497-1600. Mittal Publications. ISBN 9788170990468. 
  22. ^ Clodfelter, Micheal (2017-05-09). Warfare and Armed Conflicts: A Statistical Encyclopedia of Casualty and Other Figures, 1492–2015, 4th ed. McFarland. ISBN 9781476625850. 
  23. ^ Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bombay. Asiatic Society of Bombay. 1922. 
  24. ^ Imber, Colin (2009-08-26). The Ottoman Empire, 1300-1650: The Structure of Power. Macmillan International Higher Education. ISBN 9781137014061. 
  25. ^ Stapleton, Timothy J. (2016-11-07). Encyclopedia of African Colonial Conflicts [2 volumes]. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9781598848373. 
  26. ^ Shinn, David H.; Ofcansky, Thomas P. (2013-04-11). Historical Dictionary of Ethiopia. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 9780810874572. 
  27. ^ Saramago, José (2010-09-07). The Elephant's Journey. Random House. ISBN 9781407092348. 
  28. ^ Mathew, K. M. (1988). History of the Portuguese Navigation in India, 1497-1600. Mittal Publications. ISBN 9788170990468. 
  29. ^ Casale, Giancarlo (2010-02-25). The Ottoman Age of Exploration. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199703388. 
  30. ^ Malekandathil, Pius (2010). Maritime India: Trade, Religion and Polity in the Indian Ocean. Primus Books. ISBN 9789380607016. 
  31. ^ Black, Jeremy (2011-09-28). War in the World: A Comparative History, 1450-1600. Macmillan International Higher Education. ISBN 9780230344266. 
  32. ^ Çiçek, Kemal; Kuran, Ercüment; Göyünç, Nejat; Ortaylı, İlber (2000). Great Ottoman Turkish civilization. Yeni Türkiye. 
  33. ^ Casale, Giancarlo (2010-02-25). The Ottoman Age of Exploration. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199703388. 
  34. ^ Imber, Colin (2009-08-26). The Ottoman Empire, 1300-1650: The Structure of Power. Macmillan International Higher Education. ISBN 9781137014061. 
  35. ^ Casale, Giancarlo (2010-02-25). The Ottoman Age of Exploration. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199703388. 
  36. ^ Alpers, Edward A. (2013-10-31). The Indian Ocean in World History. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199929948. 
  37. ^ Fuccaro, Nelida (2009-09-03). Histories of City and State in the Persian Gulf: Manama Since 1800. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521514354. 
  38. ^ Larsen, Curtis E. (1983). Life and Land Use on the Bahrain Islands: The Geoarchaeology of an Ancient Society. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 9780226469065. 
  39. ^ Martyn, John R. C. (1994). The Siege of Mazagão: A Perilous Moment in the Defence of Christendom Against Islam. Peter Lang. ISBN 9780820422107. 
  40. ^ Lowe, K. J. P. (January 2000). Cultural Links Between Portugal and Italy in the Renaissance. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780198174288. 
  41. ^ Alden, Dauril (1996). The Making of an Enterprise: The Society of Jesus in Portugal, Its Empire, and Beyond, 1540-1750. Stanford University Press. ISBN 9780804722711. 
  42. ^ Truxillo, Charles A. (2012). Crusaders in the Far East: The Moro Wars in the Philippines in the Context of the Ibero-Islamic World War. Jain Publishing Company. ISBN 9780895818645. 
  43. ^ Clodfelter, Micheal (2017-05-09). Warfare and Armed Conflicts: A Statistical Encyclopedia of Casualty and Other Figures, 1492–2015, 4th ed. McFarland. ISBN 9781476625850. 
  44. ^ Horowitz, Irving (2018-02-06). Culture and Civilization. Routledge. ISBN 9781351524438. 
  45. ^ Horowitz, Irving (2018-02-06). Culture and Civilization. Routledge. ISBN 9781351524438. 
  46. ^ Chesterton, G. K. (2012-06-06). Lepanto. Ignatius Press. ISBN 9781681492926. 
  47. ^ Alpers, Edward A. (2013-10-31). The Indian Ocean in World History. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199929948. 
  48. ^ Olson, James Stuart (1991). Historical Dictionary of European Imperialism. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 9780313262579. 
  49. ^ A History of the Ottoman Empire to 1730. CUP Archive. 

Coordinates: 12°47′52″N 45°01′27″E / 12.79778°N 45.02417°E / 12.79778; 45.02417