KRI Sampari is a Sampari-class fast attack craft of the Indonesian Navy. Built by PT PAL, she is the lead ship in her class; the vessel, part of the KCR-60m family of fast attack missile craft, has a length of 59.8 metres and a beam of 8.1 m. At full charge, it has a draft of 2.6 m, the ship's displacement is 460 tonnes. It has a maximum speed of 28 knots, with a cruising speed of 20 knots, she can stay at sea for 9 days, with a range of 2,400 nautical miles and a crew capacity of 43. She is armed with the Chinese-manufactured version of the AK-630 CIWS, the Bofors 40mm as main gun, Yugoimport-SDPR M71/08 20mm cannon as secondary gun. Sampari was commissioned on 28 May 2014, as the first ship of her class. In late 2017, Sampari's missile-launching capabilities was removed, but the decision was reversed and the missiles were reinstalled. In August 2019, Sampari participated in the Cooperation Afloat Readiness and Training exercise with KRI Sultan Iskandar Muda and KRI Nala, alongside U. S. Navy vessels USS Montgomery, USS Fall River, USCGC Stratton
Kiss is a UK radio station which broadcasts nationally on DAB Digital Radio, as well as on FM in London and the Severn Estuary, East Anglia. Kiss plays contemporary hits with an urban and dance music lean during the day, with more specialist shows in the evening; the station started out as Kiss FM - a 1980s pirate radio station, to become the UKs first legal radio station specialising in black and dance music. Kiss FM first broadcast 7 October 1985 as a pirate radio station to South London across the whole city, on 94FM. Kiss FM was founded by Gordon'Mac' McNamee, George Power, Tosca Jackson. Transmitting seven-days from the start, it would be taken off-air by the authorities and so became a weekend operation shortly afterwards; the station developed a cult and committed following across Greater London, with figures in the press at the time stating that the station commanded some 500,000 listeners while operating as an unlicensed pirate station, an Evening Standard readers poll in 1987 put Kiss second behind Capital Radio.
Gordon Mac approached a successful London club promoter, Guy Wingate, to discuss ways of improving the Kiss FM profile. As a result, Wingate launched the successful Kiss nights at the Wag Club, both DJs on the station; these nights increased the station's credibility with its target audience and Wingate joined the Kiss team, followed shortly thereafter by Lindsay Wesker. Kiss would run its own night at Dingwalls. Mac and 10 of the DJs on the station including Norman Jay, Jonathan More, Colin Faver, Trevor Nelson would become'shareholders' in a company called Goodfoot Promotions, with Mac heading up the station as its majority holder. By 1988, Kiss was at its strongest with a DJ line-up which had become the cream of London's clubland, in that December and the other shareholders would announce that they would decide to close down in order to apply for a legal license; this was in response to the UK Government and Independent Broadcasting Authority announcement that 20 new incremental radio licenses would be advertised including one for London.
Stations were told that they would have to voluntarily closedown when applying, so on New Year's Eve 1988, the final broadcast went out with an outside broadcast at Dingwalls. Kiss would submit a strong application with widespread support from listeners, record labels and music magazines, however on 12 July 1989, the IBA would instead award the license to Jazz FM. Despite the temptation to return to the air again illegally, Kiss held off as the IBA floated that further licenses would be made available - which they did so in September 1989. Kiss re-prepared their application but this time would gain the backing and majority investment of media group EMAP. On 17 December 1989, the IBA announced. Kiss would establish its new studios and office on Holloway Road, on 1 September 1990, Kiss commenced its legal broadcasting as Kiss 100. Gordon Mac led a countdown in the studio to the official launch, followed by Norman Jay hosting the first full show; the Faze FM group licensed the name and logo from Kiss 100 to launch Kiss 102 in Manchester in October 1994.
In February 1997, it expanded into Yorkshire launching Kiss 105. The group was sold to Chrysalis Radio, by September 1997 both stations became part of the Galaxy Radio network. EMAP took full control of Kiss 100 as early as 1992, but with Mac having left the station in March 1998, EMAP would embark on a rebranding of the station and to align it with the rest of its radio operations. In December 1998, one of stations most popular DJs, Steve Jackson, was sacked resulting in a high-profile court case, whilst the changes led to criticism from both former presenters and listeners alike, concerned that Kiss 100 was losing its musical direction. DJs Coldcut, Bob Jones, Manasseh quit the station in January 1999 in protest at the changes being implemented. Other DJs at this time were being lured away by the dance-oriented BBC Radio 1. Mark Story was appointed as the new Director of Music Programming, along with moving the Kiss studios and office to EMAPs main premises in Golden Square, Central London, creating a new logo.
In July 1999, The Independent reported: "In preparation for the new ad campaign, the biggest in the station's history, EMAP has spent 12 months changing the output of the station. Over 10 DJs have parted company with the station, including Steve Jackson, who won the Sony breakfast show award this year. In the words of Mr Cox, the music on the station has been "smoothed out"." In June 2006, Kiss 100 was fined a record fee for any UK commercial radio station of £175,000 by media regulator Ofcom. Ofcom punished Kiss 100 for "numerous and serious breaches" of broadcasting codes after receiving 10 complaints from April to November 2005, they involved prank calls on the Bam Bam breakfast show where consent was not sought from the "victims" and controversial material aired when children were to be listening. Kiss 100 said it accepted the findings and apologised for any offence EMAP introduced a second major revamp of the Kiss brand on 6 September 2006; this included a new logo designed by oddlondon, a renewed focus on dance music, more specialist shows and a new website for all 3 Kiss stations replacing the previous website.
The relaunch was implemented with the rebranding of Kiss 100's sister dance stations, Vibe 101 and Vibe 105–108 as Kiss 101 and Kiss 105-108 respectively. The only differences between the three stations are the advertisements, traffic bulletins and live extended covera
Tetrahedron is a weekly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering the field of organic chemistry. According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2014 impact factor of 2.641. Tetrahedron and Elsevier, its publisher, support an annual symposium. In 2010, complaints were raised over its high subscription cost; as of 22 June 2013, the Web of Science lists ten papers from Tetrahedron that have more than 1000 citations. The four articles that have been cited more than 2000 times are: Wiberg, K. B.. "Application of pople-santry-segal CNDO method to the cyclopropylcarbinyl and cyclobutyl cation and to bicyclobutane". Tetrahedron. 24: 1083–1096. Doi:10.1016/0040-402088057-3. – cited 2228 times Haasnoot, C. A. G.. "The relationship between proton-proton NMR coupling constants and substituent electronegativities—I: An empirical generalization of the Karplus equation". Tetrahedron. 36: 2783–2792. Doi:10.1016/0040-402080155-4. – cited 2162 times Grubbs, R. H.. "Recent advances in olefin metathesis and its application in organic synthesis".
Tetrahedron. 54: 4413–4450. Doi:10.1016/S0040-402010427-6. – cited 2124 times Gasteiger, J.. "Iterative partial equalization of orbital electronegativity - A rapid access to atomic charges". Tetrahedron. 36: 3219–3228. Doi:10.1016/0040-402080168-2. – cited 2107 times Tetrahedron Letters Tetrahedron Computer Methodology Polyhedron Official website
Clara "Clare" Ethel Deniz, was a British jazz pianist, who played with many jazz and swing bands in London's evolving jazz scene from the Second World War onwards. She was born Clara Ethel Watson on 30 September 1911, in Cardiff, the daughter of Frederick Wason, a merchant seaman from Barbados, Bessie Louise Wason, née Bryant, from Somerset, she earned her first resident post thanks to the help of the Trinidadian drummer Happy Blake, at his Rendezvous des Artistes, it was there that she met musicians from Ken "Snakehips" Johnson's new band, made up from black musicians, with which her brother-in-law was the guitarist. After the then-pianist Yorke de Souza moved to Australia, she took over in Mayfair's Florida Club, remained there until her first child was born, her husband had to serve abroad during the war, she worked with musicians including the bandleader Eric Winstone as well as the trumpeters Johnnie Claes and Leslie Hutchinson. She joined the West Indian Swing Stars, with Bertie King on saxophone, Coleridge Goode on bass, Lauderic Caton on guitar.
She worked with Frank's Spirits of Rhythm, with Jimmy Skidmore on tenor saxophone. She worked until the 1980s, when they moved to Spain. On 8 August 1936 she married Frank Deniz and bandleader, at the church of St Mary the Virgin, Cardiff, they had two daughters and Claire. In the 1980s, they moved to Malaga, but returned to the UK in the 1990s when she was in the early stages of Parkinson's disease, she died on 7 December 2002, in Whitford, Hertfordshire
Sir Archibald Napier was a Scottish landowner and official, master of the Scottish mint and seventh Laird of Merchiston. He was eldest son of Alexander Napier, sixth of Merchiston, killed at the battle of Pinkie in 1547, his mother was youngest daughter of Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenurchy. His paternal grandfather was Sir Alexander, fifth of Merchiston, killed at the battle of Flodden in 1513. Archibald was infeft in the barony of Edenbellie as heir to his father on 8 November 1548, a royal dispensation enabling him, though a minor, to feudalise his right to his paternal barony in contemplation of his marriage with Janet Bothwell, which took place about 1549. Napier began to clear his property of encumbrances. On 1 June 1555 he redeemed his lands of Gartnes and others from Duncan Forester, on 14 June 1558 he obtained a precept of sasine for infefting him in the lands of Blairwaddis, Isle of Inchcolm. In 1565 he received the order of knighthood, he seems to have sided with Mary Queen of Scots after her escape from Lochleven Castle.
During the siege of Edinburgh Castle, held by Kirkcaldy of Grange for the queen, he was required on 1 May 1572 to deliver up his house of Merchiston to the king's party, who placed in it a company of soldiers to prevent victuals being carried past it to the castle. On this account the defenders of the castle made an attempt to burn it, unsuccessful. Napier's name appears with others in a contract with the regent for working for the space of twelve years certain gold, silver and lead mines, he was appointed general of the cunzie-house in 1576, on 25 April 1581 he was directed, with others, to take proceedings against John Achesoun, the king's master-coiner. In May 1580 he received payment for the expenses of a mission to England. On 24 April 1582 he was named one of the assessors to prepare the matters to be submitted to the general assembly of the kirk of Scotland, his name occurs in following years as an ordinary member of assembly, as acting on special commissions and deputations. On 6 March 1590 Napier was appointed one of a commission for putting Acts in force against the Jesuits.
In January 1593 he was appointed by a convention of ministers in Edinburgh one of a deputation to wait on the king to urge him to more strenuous action against the Catholic nobles, he was appointed one of a similar commission at a meeting of the general assembly of the kirk in April, by a convention held in October. On account of non-appearance before the council of his son Alexander, charged with a serious assault, Napier was on 2 July 1601 ordained to keep ward in Edinburgh until King James declared his will. In September 1604 he went to London to treat with English commissioners about the Mint, according to Sir James Balfour, he negotiated skillfully. Napier continued till the end of his life to take an active part in matters connected with mining and the currency. On 14 January 1608 he was appointed along with two others to repair to the mines in succession to try the quality of the ore, he died on 15 May 1608, aged 74. By his first wife Janet, only daughter of Francis Bothwell, lord of session, by his first wife Janet Richardson, Napier had two sons and one daughter: John Napier the scientist and mathematician who developed logarithms.
By his second wife, daughter of Robert Mowbray of Barnbougle, Linlithgowshire, he had three sons and two daughters: Archibald Napier of Woolmet and slain on 8 November 1600 in revenge for his murder committed on Scott of Bowhill in an argument over a horse, widowing his young wife Alison Edmonstone of Edmonstone House William Napier Sir Alexander Napier, Lord Laurieston, appointed a Senator of the College of Justice 14 February 1626. On 8 February 1588 the king granted to Napier, Elizabeth Mowbray, his second wife, Alexander, their son and heir, the lands called the King's Meadow. On 16 November 1593 he obtained a grant of half the lands of Lauriston, where he built Lauriston Castle. "Napier, Archibald". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Napier, Archibald". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900