1553 in literature
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This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1553.
- Early – William Baldwin writes Beware the Cat (first published 1561), an early example of extended fiction (and specifically of horror fiction) in English and including an account of a printing house with which the author is familiar.
- Publication in London of The xiii Bukes of Eneados of the famose Poete Virgill, the first published complete translation of any major work of classical antiquity into one of the English languages, based posthumously on Gavin Douglas's Eneados, a translation of Virgil's Aeneid from Latin into Middle Scots completed in 1513.
- Completion of construction of the Biblioteca Marciana in Venice to the design of Jacopo Sansovino.
- Approximate date – Ralph Roister Doister, the first known comedy in the English, is written by London schoolmaster Nicholas Udall for his pupils to perform. Gammer Gurton's Needle by "Mr. S." follows.
- Francesco Patrizi – La Città felice (The Happy City)
- António Ferreira – Bristo
- Approximate year
- See 1553 in poetry
- March 29 – Vitsentzos Kornaros, Cretan poet (died 1613 or 1614)
- October 8 – Jacques Auguste de Thou, French historian (died 1617)
- c. December – John Chamberlain, English correspondent (died 1628)
- Unknown dates
- March 17 – Girolamo Fracastoro, Italian scholar and poet (born 1478) (executed)
- April 9 – François Rabelais, French writer and satirist (born c. 1494)
- May 28 – Johannes Aal, Swiss theologian and dramatist (born c. 1500)
- October 27 – Michael Servetus, Spanish theologian and humanist (born 1511) (executed)
- December 14 – Hanibal Lucić, Croatian poet and playwright (born c. 1485)
- Yamazaki Sōkan, Japanese poet (born 1465)
- Ringler, William A.; Flachmann, Michael, eds. (1988). "Preface". Beware the Cat. San Marino, CA: Huntington Library.