1555 in literature
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This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1555.
- Portuguese humanist writer Achilles Statius relocates to Rome.
- Roger Taverner is elected to the Parliament of England.
- John Hooker becomes chamberlain of Exeter.
- Giovanni Francesco Straparola's The Facetious Nights of Straparola, originally published in 1550-1553, appear for the first time in a single volume.
- Christophe Plantin establishes the Plantin Press in Antwerp.
- Edmund Bonner – Homelies sette forth by Eddmune Byshop of London
- Gjon Buzuku – Meshari (first book published in the Albanian language).
- John Fisher (posthumously) – Treatyse concernynge the Fruytfull Sayings of Davyd
- Fracastoro – Naugerius
- Iacob Heraclid – De Marini quod Terovanum vocant atque Hedini expugnatione
- Alonso de Molina – Aquí comiença un vocabulario en la lengua castellana y mexicana
- Olaus Magnus – Historia de Gentibus Septentrionalibus
- Jacques Peletier du Mans – L'Art poétique (The Art of Poetry)
- Nicholas Ridley – A Brief Declaration of the Lorde's Supper
- William Turner – A New Book of Spiritual Physick
- Georg Wickram – Das Rollwagenbuchlein
- Étienne Jodelle – Didon se sacrifiant
- June 11 – Lodovico Zacconi, Italian theologian and music writer (died 1627)
- December 27 – Johann Arndt, German theologian (died 1621)
- Unknown dates
- Lancelot Andrewes, English scholar and bishop (died 1626)
- Richard Carew, English translator and antiquary (died 1620)
- John Doddridge, English antiquary, lawyer and writer (died 1628)
- Moderata Fonte, Venetian writer and poet (died 1592)
- François de Malherbe, French poet, critic and translator (died 1628)
- Thomas Watson, English poet writing in English and Latin (died 1592)
- February 9 – Christian Egenolff, German printer and publisher (born 1502)
- April 18 – Polydore Vergil, English Tudor historian (born c. 1470)
- July 2 – Girolamo dai Libri, Italian illuminator (born c. 1475)
- Unknown date – Petrus Gyllius, French natural scientist and translator (born 1490)
- *Taylor, Andrew W. "Taverner, Richard (1505?–1575)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/27006. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.). The first edition of this text is available at Wikisource: "Taverner, Richard". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- Nancy Canepa. "Straparola, Giovan Francesco (c. 1480–1558)" in The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Folktales and Fairy Tales, 3-volumes, edited by Donald Haase, Greenwood Press, 2008, pages 926-27.
- "Meshari". National Library of Albania. Retrieved 2010-05-14.
- Eliot Wilson: "The Last Death of Catholic England". History Today, Vol. 68, No. 1 (January 2018).