1555 in music
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This is a list of notable events in music that took place in 1555.
- January 17 – Italian viol player and composer Peter Lupo joins the musicians' guild in London.
- Palestrina succeeds Orlande de Lassus as maestro di cappella of the Basilica of Saint John Lateran in Rome.
- Composer Thomas Whythorne returns to England from travels in Italy and the rest of Europe. The book he writes about his travels is now lost.
- Lorenzo de' Medici orders a violin from Andrea Amati of Cremona.
- Hermann Finck – Two wedding motets:
- Amore flagrantissimo, for five voices
- Pectus ut in sponso, for four voices
- Jhan Gero – Two books of motets
- Orlande de Lassus – First book of madrigals (a5, published in Antwerp)
- Palestrina – First book of secular madrigals
- Nicola Vicentino – L'antica musica ridotta alla moderna prattica ("Ancient Music Adapted to Modern Practice"), a treatise aimed at revising the chromatic and enharmonic genera of the ancient Greeks.
- Adrian Willaert – I sacri e santi salmi (Venice: Antonio Gardano), the first printed collection by a single composer of complete polyphonic office settings
- February 25 – Alonso Lobo, Spanish composer (died 1617)
- June 11 – Lodovico Zacconi, composer and music theorist (died 1627)
- probable – Paolo Quagliati, composer of the Roman school (died 1628)
- date unknown – Mads Hak, Danish composer
- probable – Jacob Clemens non Papa, Flemish composer (born c. 1510)