155th Armored Brigade Combat Team

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155th Armored Brigade Combat Team
155th Armored Brigade Combat Team CSIB.svg
155th ABCT combat service identification badge
Active 1951–present
Country United States
Branch United States Army - National Guard
Type Armored Brigade Combat Team
Size Brigade
Motto(s) "Dixie Thunder"
Commanders
Colonel Robert D. ("Doug") Ferguson
Insignia
Distinctive unit insignia 155 Arm Bde DUI.jpg

The 155th Armored Brigade Combat Team is a brigade combat team of the Mississippi Army National Guard.

History[edit]

The 155th Armored Brigade Combat Team takes its number from the 155th Infantry Regiment which dates back to 1798.

While the units assigned to the 155th ABCT vary in length of service, the brigade itself dates back to 16 March 1951 when it was constituted in the Mississippi Army National Guard as the Headquarters and Headquarters Company (HHC) of the 108th Armored Cavalry Group, before being organized and federally recognized on 12 April 1951, based at Tupelo. On 1 November 1953 the group was redesignated as the 108th Armor Group. The group was combined with the 750th Tank Battalion and newly organized units to form the 108th Armored Cavalry on 1 November 1955; the HHC of the group became the Headquarters Company of the 108th Armored Cavalry. On 1 May 1959 the company was redesignated as a troop. In order to restore order during the Ole Miss riot of 1962, the company, alongside the Mississippi National Guard, were ordered into active federal service on 30 September of that year, being released from active federal service on 23 October and reverting to state control.[1]

On 15 February 1968, the company was reorganized and redesignated as the HHC of the 1st Brigade, 30th Armored Division. The brigade became the 155th Armored Brigade on 1 November 1973 when the 30th Armored was split up into separate brigades.[1] 30th Armored assistant commander Brigadier General Guy J. Gravelee, Jr. became the first 155th commander. It consisted of the 1st Battalion, 155th Infantry (Mechanized), the 1st and 2nd Battalions of the 198th Armor, the 2nd Battalion, 114th Field Artillery, Troop A, 98th Cavalry (the former Troop C, 1st Squadron, 230th Cavalry),[2] and the 106th Support Battalion.[3]

The 155th Brigade was mobilized for the Gulf War on 7 December 1990, but remained stateside and was demobilized on 14 May 1991.[1]

155th Brigade soldiers shortly before entering a building believed to be occupied by insurgents in an area of Al Iskandariyah, Iraq, on 5 March 2005

The brigade deployed to Iraq in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom III from August 2004 to January 2006.[4] During this tour of duty, the 155th HBCT suffered 15 fatalities. The brigade served under the II Marine Expeditionary Force.[5][6]

In 2009, the brigade was deployed again to Iraq in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom 9.2.[7][6] In March 2018, the 155th left for a three month training period at Fort Bliss with the 177th Armored Brigade, prior to a nine month deployment to support Operation Spartan Shield.[8][9]

ABCT organization[edit]

HQ 155th Armored Brigade Combat Team, Tupelo, MS

Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 106th Brigade Support Battalion, Monticello, MS

Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 150th Engineer Battalion, Meridian, MS[10]

Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 2nd Battalion, 114th Field Artillery Regiment, Starkville, MS

Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Battalion, 155th Infantry Regiment, McComb, MS

Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Squadron, 98th Cavalry Regiment, Amory, MS

Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 2nd Battalion (Combined Arms), 198th Armor Regiment,[11] Senatobia, MS

Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 2nd Battalion (Combined Arms), 137th Infantry Regiment, Kansas City, KS[12][13]

Unit coats of arms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Wilson 1999, pp. 689–690.
  2. ^ Mills, David (18 August 1978). "The Cavalry Hitching Post". Winston County Journal. Retrieved 15 March 2018 – via Newspapers.com. (Subscription required (help)).
  3. ^ Smith, Charles (28 September 1973). "Brigade Formation Seen As Challenge, Opportunity". Jackson Clarion-Ledger. Retrieved 15 March 2018 – via Newspapers.com. (Subscription required (help)).
  4. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/news/2005/02/mil-050221-usmc01.htm
  5. ^ http://www.mnf-iraq.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=3827&Itemid=21
  6. ^ a b "Elsewhere 1" (PDF). www.veteransforamerica.org.
  7. ^ http://www.ng.mil/news/archives/2007/12/120507-five_guard.aspx
  8. ^ "'First-of-its-kind' training: 2 brigades head from Camp Shelby to Fort Bliss". Hattiesburg American. 10 March 2018. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  9. ^ Hill, Terry (23 October 2017). "155th Brigade to mobilize in support of Operation Spartan Shield". 155th Armored Brigade Combat Team Public Affairs. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
  10. ^ "Error". www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil.
  11. ^ "Error". www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil.
  12. ^ "155th Headquarters Company Tupelo". www.facebook.com.
  13. ^ http://www.kansastag.gov/AdvHTML_Upload/files/Annual%20Report%202012.pdf

Bibliography[edit]