1565 Lemaître

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1565 Lemaître
Discovery [1]
Discovered by S. Arend
Discovery site Uccle Obs.
Discovery date 25 November 1948
Designations
MPC designation (1565) Lemaitre
Named after
Georges Lemaître
(astronomer, priest)[2]
1948 WA
Mars-crosser[1][3] · Phocaea[4][5]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 68.44 yr (24,997 days)
Aphelion 3.2262 AU
Perihelion 1.5613 AU
2.3938 AU
Eccentricity 0.3478
3.70 yr (1,353 days)
236.28°
0° 15m 57.96s / day
Inclination 21.485°
261.16°
116.34°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 6.90±1.45 km[6]
7.949±1.558 km[7]
8.00±0.58 km[8]
8.76 km (calculated)[4]
2.4±0.1 h[9]
11.403±0.003 h[10]
0.22±0.14[6]
0.23 (assumed)[4]
0.239±0.096[7]
0.334±0.051[8]
SMASS = Sq [1] · S[4]
12.30[8] · 12.5[1][4][7] · 12.95[6]

1565 Lemaître, provisional designation 1948 WA, is a highly eccentric Phocaea asteroid and sizable Mars-crosser from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 8 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 25 November 1948, by Belgian astronomer Sylvain Arend at the Royal Observatory of Belgium in Uccle, Belgium.[3] It was named after cosmologist and priest Georges Lemaître.[2]

Classification and orbit[edit]

Lemaître is a Mars-crossing asteroid, as it crosses the orbit of Mars at 1.666 AU. It is also an eccentric member of the Phocaea family (701).[5] This asteroid orbits the Sun at a distance of 1.6–3.2 AU once every 3 years and 8 months (1,353 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.35 and an inclination of 21° with respect to the ecliptic.[1] As no precoveries were taken, and no prior identifications were made, Lemaître's observation arc begins on the night following its official discovery observation.[3]

Physical characteristics[edit]

In the SMASS taxonomy, Lemaître is characterized as a Sq-type, a transitional class of stony S-type and Q-type asteroids.[1]

Lightcurves[edit]

In September 2007, a rotational light-curve of Lemaître was obtained from photometric observations by American astronomer Brian D. Warner at his Palmer Divide Observatory, Colorado. It gave a rotation period of 11.403 hours with a brightness variation of 0.04 magnitude (U=2), superseding a provisional period of 2.4 hours with an amplitude of 0.03 magnitude, derived from photometric observations made by Arnaud Leroy, Bernard Trégon, Xavier Durivaud and Federico Manzini two months earlier (U=1+).[9]

Diameter and albedo[edit]

According to the surveys carried out by the Japanese Akari satellite and NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer with its subsequent NEOWISE mission, Lemaître measures between 6.90 and 8.00 kilometers in diameter, and its surface has an albedo between 0.22 and 0.334.[6][7][8] The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes a standard albedo for Phocaea asteroids of 0.23 – derived from 25 Phocaea, the family's most massiv member and namesake – and calculates a diameter of 8.76 kilometers based on an absolute magnitude of 12.5.[4]

Naming[edit]

This minor planet was named in honour of Belgian priest, astronomer and professor of physics, Georges Lemaître (1894–1966), widely regarded as the father of the Big Bang theory. The lunar crater Lemaître also bears his name. Lemaître was the first minor planet to be numbered after the end of World War II.[2] The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center before November 1977 (M.P.C. 3824).[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 1565 Lemaitre (1948 WA)" (2017-05-04 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 5 June 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1565) Lemaître. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 124. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 30 December 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c "1565 Lemaitre (1948 WA)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 30 December 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "LCDB Data for (1565) Lemaître". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 30 December 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "Small Bodies Data Ferret". Nesvorny HCM Asteroid Families V3.0. Retrieved 1 November 2017. 
  6. ^ a b c d Nugent, C. R.; Mainzer, A.; Bauer, J.; Cutri, R. M.; Kramer, E. A.; Grav, T.; et al. (September 2016). "NEOWISE Reactivation Mission Year Two: Asteroid Diameters and Albedos". The Astronomical Journal. 152 (3): 12. arXiv:1606.08923Freely accessible. Bibcode:2016AJ....152...63N. doi:10.3847/0004-6256/152/3/63. Retrieved 30 December 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c d Nugent, C. R.; Mainzer, A.; Masiero, J.; Bauer, J.; Cutri, R. M.; Grav, T.; et al. (December 2015). "NEOWISE Reactivation Mission Year One: Preliminary Asteroid Diameters and Albedos". The Astrophysical Journal. 814 (2): 13. arXiv:1509.02522Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015ApJ...814..117N. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/814/2/117. Retrieved 30 December 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c d Usui, Fumihiko; Kuroda, Daisuke; Müller, Thomas G.; Hasegawa, Sunao; Ishiguro, Masateru; Ootsubo, Takafumi; et al. (October 2011). "Asteroid Catalog Using Akari: AKARI/IRC Mid-Infrared Asteroid Survey". Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan. 63 (5): 1117–1138. Bibcode:2011PASJ...63.1117U. doi:10.1093/pasj/63.5.1117. Retrieved 30 December 2016. 
  9. ^ a b Behrend, Raoul. "Asteroids and comets rotation curves – (1565) Lemaître". Geneva Observatory. Retrieved 30 December 2016. 
  10. ^ Warner, Brian D.; Vander Haagen, Gary A. (June 2008). "Lightcurve Analysis of 1565 Lemaitre". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 35 (2): 52. Bibcode:2008MPBu...35...52W. ISSN 1052-8091. Retrieved 30 December 2016. 
  11. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 30 December 2016. 

External links[edit]