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Sandra Botha

Celia-Sandra Botha is a South African politician, who served as South Africa's Ambassador to the Czech Republic. She is the former Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly, on behalf of the Democratic Alliance and its leader, Helen Zille, she announced her intention to step down from the position after the 2009 South African general election, to become an ambassador. Her term in Prague ended in June 2013, she will not seek a leadership position in South Africa, but will participate in political life, be part of the "battle of ideas". Born to an Afrikaner farming family in Viljoenskroon, Orange Free State, as early as the 1960s, Botha convinced local farmers to employ a social worker to service the needs of the rural black families, she held talks with the Citrus Board for further winter aid for farmworkers. Having matriculated from Parys High School, Botha went on to complete a year in New York with the aid of a scholarship, she obtained a BA degree in economics at Stellenbosch University.

She is married to a farmer and former MP Andries Johannes Botha and the couple have five children and five grandchildren. Shortly after the marriage, Botha embarked on a Sesotho and linguistics degree at UNISA. Botha became involved in the anti-apartheid movement. Along with Helen Zille, Botha was a part of the Black Sash movement, she is not related to any of the other political Bothas of South Africa, including P. W. Botha or Pik Botha. Botha was elected to the National Council of the Provinces for the Democratic Party in 1999, she served as the party's caucus leader from 2000 to 2004. In May 2007, Sandra Botha was elected by the Democratic Alliance as their representative and official Leader of the Opposition. Botha gained a majority over Tertius Delport. Prior to her stepping down from Parliament in 2009, Botha had challenged the government on many issues. In particular, Botha was vocal about her dissatisfaction following a scandal where four white doctors in the Western Cape relocated overseas.

South Africa's controversial affirmative action policies had prevented them from working in government hospitals, despite a shortage of doctors and many vacancies in the province. Then-president Thabo Mbeki denied that this was the case and rebuked Botha for making serious allegations against him based on one newspaper article. Botha has called for a major overhaul of the education system


Kolkwitz is a municipality in the district of Spree-Neiße, in southeastern Brandenburg. Kolkwitz is situated 5 km west of Cottbus. Location This central position makes Kolkwitz a good base for exploring trips to Berlin Dresden the Spreewald the "Park of Branitz" and Park von Muskau created by famous landscape-gardener Hermann von Pückler-Muskau. „Lutherstadt“ Wittenberg – former hometown of Martin Luther. Tropical Islands Resort near Lübben Poland First documentation concerning Kolkwitz is based in the 13th century. Pictures from Kolkwitz can be found here. Clicking the pictures gives you further information. There's a bunker of former airforce of German Democratic Republic. Website Hotels and restaurants are listed here. Biggest sportsclub in Kolkwitz is the SV Kolkwitz 1896 e. V.. Kolkwitzer Carneval Club e. V. is known to be one of the most active Carneval Clubs in the region. Motorsportclub Hänchen arranges German Open Masterships in Motocross every year. Firebrigades in the different towns of the municipality are a popular.

More clubs can be found here. The municipality Kolkwitz exists since the year 1993, it includes the following towns: There are partnerships between Kolkwitz and the towns following: Großmehring in the Bavarian district Eichstätt. Partnership established on June 18 and September 24 in 1994. Torzym in the Lubusz Voivodeship. Partnership established on June 10, 2006. Kolkwitz municipality Bunker-Museum Kolkwitz

Bath Tangle

Bath Tangle is a Regency romance novel by Georgette Heyer. The story is set in 1816. After the death of the Earl of Spenborough all are shocked when they discover that the late Earl has appointed Ivo Barrasford, Marquis of Rotherham, engaged to Lady Serena Carlow, to be Serena's trustee. Serena moves to Bath with her young stepmother, where she meets up with Major Hector Kirkby, a love interest from six years past. Serena and Hector rekindle their romance and become engaged, although keeping the engagement under wraps while she is still in mourning for her father. Meanwhile, having heard of the engagement, proposes to Emily Laleham, a young and inexperienced girl whose social climbing mother is delighted with Rotherham's fortune and title. While Emily recuperates in Bath, Serena's fiance Hector and her stepmother, have fallen in love. Serena and Rotherham still have feelings for one another, as well. Rotherham, who has begun to believe that his fiance Emily would wish to end their engagement, is confronted by his young ward Gerard Monksleigh, in love with Emily.

At first furious and contemptuous of his ward, Rotherham soon realizes that they had all made a mistake and tries to make his betrothed cry off. When he has succeeded, Serena steps in and ruins all his plans. A row between guardian and ward ensues with Rotherham storming off to make sure that his engagement over. Rotherham reveals to Serena that he loves her and she admits that she loves him too, they embrace, are interrupted by Hector, her betrothed. He is all too happy to see this, since it frees them all to be with the person they each love and are best suited with. Lady Serena Carlow - the heroine, 25, daughter of the 5th earl of Spenborough Ivo Spencer Barrasford, Marquis of Rotherham - former fiancé of Lady Serena, appointed her trustee upon the death of her father until her marriage by his consent, Late 30s, wears breeches, top boots and Belcher neckties Fanny Carlow, Lady Spenborough, Dowager Countess of Spenborough, widow of the 5th earl, Serena's stepmother and friend, 23 Hartley Carlow, 6th Earl of Spenborough, cousin of the 5th earl, his country seat is Milverly Major Hector Kirkby - a suitor of Serena's rejected by the earl when he was a Captain Emily Laleham - a debutante Lady Laleham - a social climber trying to dissociate herself from her mercantile past Mrs Floore - Lady Laleham's mother, widow of Mr Sebden, a gentleman, Mr Ned Floore, a soap maker Mr Goring - a merchant's son educated at Rugby and Cambridge Gerard Monksleigh - one of Lord Rotherham's wards, a child of a cousin Lady Theresa Eaglesham - Serena's aunt

La Plata, Utah

La Plata is a ghost town on the southern end of Cache County, United States. Located in the Bear River Mountains on a small tributary of the east fork of the Little Bear River, La Plata was a short-lived silver mining boomtown in the 1890s; the first ore in the area was discovered in July 1891 by a mountain shepherd, who brought a curiously dense rock to show his foreman. The foreman took it to be assayed in Ogden; the sample was 45% lead, with a silver concentration of 400 ounces per ton. The two registered a mining claim, but the secret got out. Several more high-grade ore pockets were found, a silver rush began; this was the first major Utah mining claim found north of Salt Lake City, many northern Utahns became interested. By August 1891 more than 1000 miners had arrived, the number soon reached 1500. Lines of cabins and stores stretched along either side of the creek. There were 60–70 buildings in all, including two stores, saloons, a bank, a post office; because La Plata was populated by locals who had temporarily become miners, it was different from most western mining camps.

It never had a cemetery. When a few prostitutes tried to set up business here, they were driven out; the Thatcher Brothers Bank in Logan bought the original claim, called the Sundown Mine. Ore was shipped north to Logan transported by rail to Salt Lake City. Both Cache and Weber counties were petitioned to build roads to the site. La Plata's high elevation made for harsh winters, few people stayed after the 1891 season. Only 150 inhabitants were still found in January 1892. By the richest ore had started to run out; the return of warmer weather brought a second, smaller rush. By the summer of 1892, companies rather than individuals controlled most of the mining, Utah farmers who had rushed in to get rich found they couldn't compete with the experienced miners who had come from all over the Western United States. Confidence and profits were hurt by a pair of lawsuits filed in 1892, the plaintiffs claiming to hold title to the lands where silver had been discovered. One suit was settled in 1894, the other decided in favor of the miners in 1895, but the litigation, including temporary restraining orders that closed most of the mines, was bad for business and for the community.

The silver mining operations had little chance to recover before the Panic of 1893, which closed many silver mines nationwide. A few mines remained open at La Plata, continuing to produce lead, until its price dropped; the town did not last through 1894, although some sporadic mining activity continued as late as 1906. Today the site of La Plata is surrounded by private land, which has helped preserve a few old cabins here. Mining machinery and collapsing shafts remain as traces of the old silver mines. La Plata at

Human trafficking in Eswatini

Eswatini is a source and transit country for women and children subjected to trafficking in persons commercial sexual exploitation, involuntary domestic servitude, forced labor in agriculture. Swazi girls orphans, are subjected to commercial sexual exploitation and involuntary domestic servitude in the cities of Mbabane and Manzini, as well as in South Africa and Mozambique. Swazi boys are trafficked within the country for forced labor in commercial agriculture and market vending; some Swazi women are forced into prostitution in South Africa and Mozambique after voluntarily migrating to these countries in search of work. Chinese organized crime units transport some Swazi victims to Johannesburg, South Africa, where victims are "distributed" locally or sent overseas for subsequent exploitation. Traffickers force Mozambican women into prostitution in Eswatini, or else transit Eswatini with their victims en route to South Africa. Mozambican boys migrate to Eswatini for work washing cars, herding livestock, portering.

Information on the full extent of trafficking in Eswatini is not yet available, as the government is still carrying out research into the scope and nature of the problem. The Government of Eswatini does not comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; this assessment is based in part on the government's commitment to undertake additional action over the coming year enforcement of its newly enacted comprehensive anti-trafficking legislation. The U. S. State Department's Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons placed the country in "Tier 2 Watchlist" in 2017; the Swazi government increased its capacity to conduct anti-trafficking law enforcement efforts, although no suspected trafficking offenders were arrested or prosecuted during the reporting period. In 2009, the government enacted comprehensive anti-human trafficking legislation, which provides for the prosecution of trafficking offenders and protections for victims, including immunity from prosecution for immigration violations.

The People Trafficking and People Smuggling Act, 2009 became effective in December 2009. The legislation considers consent and past sexual behavior of the trafficked persons to be immaterial, incorporates provisions against money laundering as a way to identify persons involved in human trafficking; the Act covers both internal and transnational forms of trafficking and provides for victim restitution through the forfeiture of convicted offenders' movable property. The law prescribes penalties for all forms of trafficking, including the act of facilitating trafficking offenses, of up to 20 years' imprisonment, plus a fine determined by the court to compensate the victim for his or her losses; the prescribed penalties of up to 25 years' imprisonment for trafficking children for any purpose are sufficiently stringent. The government began educating officials and law enforcement officers on the provisions of the new law, the media reported that officers had begun making inquiries into possible trafficking situations.

Police investigated one possible trafficking situation, though no arrests were made in connection with the case and further information was not available. The government did not provide any specialized training in victim identification for law enforcement and immigration personnel, though it began planning for such future training; the Government of Eswatini took initial steps to create greater capacity for protecting trafficking victims, though it did not identify or assist any victims during the reporting period. Procedures for the government to provide victims with access to legal and psychological services were not implemented during the reporting period; the Anti-Trafficking Task Force, began developing such procedures, as well as formal procedures on the proactive identification of victims for law enforcement and social services personnel. The Task Force investigated how it can best be prepared to provide assistance to repatriated Swazi trafficking victims, identified in foreign countries.

Eswatini's new anti-trafficking law empowers the government, by notice in an official gazette, to declare any house or building a place of refuge for the care and protection of trafficking victims, though the government did not open such victim care centers in Eswatini during the reporting period. Existing halfway houses run by the government and NGOs to shelter abused and vulnerable children and women victims of domestic violence could provide assistance to victims of trafficking. Policies on issues such as the victim's right to civil redress are under development; the government did not offer foreign victims alternatives to their removal to countries where they may face danger or hardship. During the year, the government increased its efforts to prevent trafficking; the Prime Minister created the Task Force for the Prevention of People Trafficking and People Smuggling in July 2009, which includes representatives from multiple government and law enforcement agencies, UNICEF and UNDP, NGOs focused on assisting women, victims of crime, other vulnerable populations.

The Task Force met and began developing a national plan of action and various standard operating procedures. Government officials, accompanied by Task Force members, conducted seminars about what the nature of human trafficking and discussed the proposed legislation in all four regions of the country in 2009; the Prime Minister launched Eswatini's branch of the reg