1578 Kirkwood

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1578 Kirkwood
Discovery [1]
Discovered by Indiana University
(Indiana Asteroid Program)
Discovery site Goethe Link Obs.
Discovery date 10 January 1951
Designations
MPC designation (1578) Kirkwood
Named after
Daniel Kirkwood[2]
(American astronomer)
1951 AT · 1944 DF
1949 TF · 1952 FK
main-belt · (outer)[1]
Hilda[3][4]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 73.37 yr (26,797 days)
Aphelion 4.8617 AU
Perihelion 2.9855 AU
3.9236 AU
Eccentricity 0.2391
7.77 yr (2,839 days)
195.23°
0° 7m 36.48s / day
Inclination 0.8085°
74.002°
1.7729°
Jupiter MOID 0.4366 AU
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 47.077±0.315 km[5]
51.88±1.8 km[4][6]
57.14±1.27 km[7]
12.518±0.002 h[8]
17.9±0.1 h[a]
0.044±0.002[7]
0.0517±0.004[4][6]
0.063±0.005[5]
Tholen = D[1] · D[4][9]
B–V = 0.788[1]
U–B = 0.276[1]
10.26[1][4][6][7] · 10.41±0.50[9]

1578 Kirkwood, provisional designation 1951 AT, is a Hildian asteroid from the outermost regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 52 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 10 January 1951, by astronomers of the Indiana Asteroid Program at Goethe Link Observatory in Indiana, United States,[3] the asteroid was named after American astronomer Daniel Kirkwood.[2]

Orbit and classification[edit]

Kirkwood belongs to the orbital Hilda group, which is located outermost part of the main belt.[4] Asteroids in this dynamical group have semi-major axis between 3.7 and 4.2 AU and stay in a 3:2 resonance with the gas giant Jupiter. Kirkwood, however, is a background asteroid and not a member of the (collisional) Hilda family (101).[10]

It orbits the Sun at a distance of 3.0–4.9 AU once every 7 years and 9 months (2,839 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.24 and an inclination of 1° with respect to the ecliptic.[1]

The asteroid was first observed as 1944 DF at Turku Observatory in February 1944, the body's observation arc begins with its observation as 1949 TF at Heidelberg Observatory in October 1949, fifteen months prior to its official discovery observation at Goethe Link.[3]

Physical characteristics[edit]

In the Tholen classification, Kirkwood is a dark D-type asteroid,[1] it is also characterized as a D-type by PanSTARRS photometric survey.[9]

Rotation period[edit]

In October 2012, a rotational lightcurve of Kirkwood was obtained from photometric observations at the Etscorn Campus Observatory (719) in New Mexico, United States. Lightcurve analysis gave a rotation period of 12.518 hours with a brightness variation of 0.05 magnitude (U=2). Another lightcurve gave a period of 17.9 hours and an amplitude of 0.22 magnitude (U=2).[a]

Diameter and albedo[edit]

According to the surveys carried out by the Japanese Akari satellite, the NEOWISE mission of NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer and the Infrared Astronomical Satellite IRAS, Kirkwood measures between 47.077 and 57.14 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo between 0.044 and 0.063.[5][6][7]

The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link adopts the results obtained by IRAS, that is, an albedo of 0.0517 and a diameter of 51.88 kilometers based on an absolute magnitude of 10.26.[4]

Naming[edit]

This minor planet was named in memory of American astronomer Daniel Kirkwood (1814–1895), long-time professor of mathematics at Indiana University, he discovered the Kirkwood gaps, which are gaps in the distribution of the mean distances of the minor planets in the asteroid belt. Kirkwood was the Indiana Asteroid Program's first numbered discovery.[2][b] The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center before November 1977 (M.P.C. 738).[11] The lunar crater Kirkwood was also named in the astronomer's honor.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Slyusarev (2012) web; for (1578) Kirkwood: rotation period of 17.9 hours with a brightness amplitude of 0.22 mag. Summary figures given at the LCDB
  2. ^ Although the asteroid 1575 Winifred, also discovered by the Indiana Asteroid Program, has both a lower number and an earlier discovery date (20 April 1950) than 1578 Kirkwood

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 1578 Kirkwood (1951 AT)" (2017-07-04 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 21 September 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1578) Kirkwood. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 125. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 21 September 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c "1578 Kirkwood (1951 AT)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 21 September 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "LCDB Data for (1578) Kirkwood". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 21 September 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c Grav, T.; Mainzer, A. K.; Bauer, J.; Masiero, J.; Spahr, T.; McMillan, R. S.; et al. (January 2012). "WISE/NEOWISE Observations of the Hilda Population: Preliminary Results". The Astrophysical Journal. 744 (2): 15. arXiv:1110.0283Freely accessible. Bibcode:2012ApJ...744..197G. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/744/2/197. Retrieved 21 September 2017. 
  6. ^ a b c d Tedesco, E. F.; Noah, P. V.; Noah, M.; Price, S. D. (October 2004). "IRAS Minor Planet Survey V6.0". NASA Planetary Data System. Bibcode:2004PDSS...12.....T. Retrieved 8 December 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c d Usui, Fumihiko; Kuroda, Daisuke; Müller, Thomas G.; Hasegawa, Sunao; Ishiguro, Masateru; Ootsubo, Takafumi; et al. (October 2011). "Asteroid Catalog Using Akari: AKARI/IRC Mid-Infrared Asteroid Survey". Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan. 63 (5): 1117–1138. Bibcode:2011PASJ...63.1117U. doi:10.1093/pasj/63.5.1117. Retrieved 21 September 2017. 
  8. ^ Klinglesmith, Daniel A., III; Hanowell, Jesse; Risley, Ethan; Turk, Janek; Vargas, Angelica; Warren, Curtis Alan (April 2013). "Asteroid Synodic Periods from Etscorn Campus Observatory". The Minor Planet Bulletin. 40 (2): 65–67. Bibcode:2013MPBu...40...65K. ISSN 1052-8091. Retrieved 21 September 2017. 
  9. ^ a b c Veres, Peter; Jedicke, Robert; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Denneau, Larry; Granvik, Mikael; Bolin, Bryce; et al. (November 2015). "Absolute magnitudes and slope parameters for 250,000 asteroids observed by Pan-STARRS PS1 - Preliminary results". Icarus. 261: 34–47. arXiv:1506.00762Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015Icar..261...34V. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.007. Retrieved 21 September 2017. 
  10. ^ "Small Bodies Data Ferret". Nesvorny HCM Asteroid Families V3.0. Retrieved 21 September 2017. 
  11. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 21 September 2017. 

External links[edit]