1578 in literature
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This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1578.
- December – Publication of John Lyly's didactic prose romance Euphues: the Anatomy of Wyt, originating the ornate English prose style known as Euphuism.
- Alonso de Ercilla y Zúñiga is sent on a mission to Zaragoza by King Philip II of Spain.
- Diogo de Payva de Andrada – Defensio Tridentinæ fidei (posthumously published)
- George Best – A True Discourse of the Late Voyages of Discoverie…under the Conduct of Martin Frobisher
- John Florio – First Fruits
- Jaroš Griemiller – Rosarium philosophorum
- Gabriel Harvey – Smithus, vel Musarum lachrymae
- John Lyly – Euphues: the Anatomy of Wit
- Margaret Tyler, The Mirrour of Princely Deedes and Knighthood
- Jan Kochanowski – Odprawa posłów greckich ("The Dismissal of the Greek Envoys")
- George Whetstone – Promos and Cassandra
- See 1578 in poetry
- April 2 – Francesco Amico, Italian theologian
- June – Mary Fitton, possible inspiration for Shakespeare's The Dark Lady (died 1647)
- August 24 – John Taylor, English poet and waterman (died 1653)
- Unknown dates
- May 4 – Martin Eisengrein, German theologian and polemicist (born 1535)
- July 27 – Jane Lumley, English translator from Greek and Latin (born 1537)
- August 11 – Pedro Nunes, Portuguese polymath (born 1502)
- October 12 – Cornelius Gemma, Dutch physician, astronomer and astrologer (born 1535)
- Unknown date – Gabriele Giolito de' Ferrari, Italian printer (born c. 1508)
- Probable year of birth – Johann Stumpf, Swiss writer on history and topography (born 1500)
- Robin, Diana Maury; Larsen, Anne R.; Levin, Carole (2007). Encyclopedia of Women in the Renaissance: Italy, France, and England. ABC-CLIO. p. 221. ISBN 9781851097722.