1609 Brenda

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1609 Brenda
Discovery [1]
Discovered by E. L. Johnson
Discovery site Johannesburg Obs.
Discovery date 10 July 1951
Designations
MPC designation (1609) Brenda
Named after
Brenda (discoverer's granddaughter)[2]
1951 NL · 1925 EA
1934 JB · 1947 WB
1950 HD · 1954 EP
1954 HE
main-belt · (middle)[3]
Gersuind
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 82.98 yr (30,310 days)
Aphelion 3.2255 AU
Perihelion 1.9432 AU
2.5844 AU
Eccentricity 0.2481
4.15 yr (1,518 days)
309.08°
0° 14m 13.92s / day
Inclination 18.628°
105.23°
229.14°
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 26.27±6.75 km[4]
27.96±0.48 km[5]
29.59 km (derived)[3]
29.64±1.7 km (IRAS:6)[6]
19.46 h[7]
23±1 h[8]
0.1078 (derived)[3]
0.1147±0.014 (IRAS:6)[6]
0.13±0.05[4]
0.133±0.005[5]
S[3]
B–V = 0.860[1]
U–B = 0.390[1]
10.50[4] · 10.6[1] · 10.61[6][5] · 10.68[3][7]

1609 Brenda, provisional designation 1951 NL, is a stony asteroid from the central region of the asteroid belt, approximately 28 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 10 July 1951, by South African astronomer Ernest Johnson at the Johannesburg Observatory in South Africa, and named after his granddaughter, Brenda.[9]

Orbit and classification[edit]

The S-type asteroid orbits the Sun in the central main-belt at a distance of 1.9–3.2 AU once every 4 years and 2 months (1,518 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.25 and an inclination of 19° with respect to the ecliptic.[1] Brenda was first identified as 1925 EA at Simeiz Observatory in 1925. Its observation arc begins 17 years prior to its official discovery observation, with its identification 1934 JB, also made at Simeiz.[9]

Physical characteristics[edit]

American astronomer Richard Binzel obtained the first rotational lightcurve of Brenda in June 1984. It gave a rotation period of 19.46 hours with a brightness variation of 0.16 magnitude (U=2).[7] In June 2006, a period of 23±1 with an amplitude of 0.26 magnitude was derived from photometric observations made by French amateur astronomer René Roy (U=2).[8]

According to the surveys carried out by the Infrared Astronomical Satellite IRAS, the Japanese Akari satellite, and NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer with its subsequent NEOWISE mission, Brenda measures between 26.27 and 29.64 kilometers in diameter, and its surface has an albedo between 0.115 and 0.133.[4][5][6] The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link derives an albedo of 0.1078 and a diameter of 29.59 kilometers with an absolute magnitude of 10.68.[3]

Naming[edit]

This minor planet was named by the discoverer for his granddaughter, Brenda.[2] Ernest Johnson is also known for the discovery of the periodic comet 48P/Johnson, using the Franklin-Adams Star Camera. The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center before November 1977 (M.P.C. 3931).[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 1609 Brenda (1951 NL)" (2017-05-05 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 5 June 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1609) Brenda. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 128. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 29 December 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "LCDB Data for (1609) Brenda". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 29 December 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d Nugent, C. R.; Mainzer, A.; Masiero, J.; Bauer, J.; Cutri, R. M.; Grav, T.; et al. (December 2015). "NEOWISE Reactivation Mission Year One: Preliminary Asteroid Diameters and Albedos" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal. 814 (2): 13. arXiv:1509.02522Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015ApJ...814..117N. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/814/2/117. Retrieved 29 December 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c d Usui, Fumihiko; Kuroda, Daisuke; Müller, Thomas G.; Hasegawa, Sunao; Ishiguro, Masateru; Ootsubo, Takafumi; et al. (October 2011). "Asteroid Catalog Using Akari: AKARI/IRC Mid-Infrared Asteroid Survey". Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan. 63 (5): 1117–1138. Bibcode:2011PASJ...63.1117U. doi:10.1093/pasj/63.5.1117. Retrieved 29 December 2016.  Online catalog
  6. ^ a b c d Tedesco, E. F.; Noah, P. V.; Noah, M.; Price, S. D. (October 2004). "IRAS Minor Planet Survey V6.0". NASA Planetary Data System. Bibcode:2004PDSS...12.....T. Retrieved 29 December 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c Binzel, R. P. (October 1987). "A photoelectric survey of 130 asteroids". Icarus: 135–208. Bibcode:1987Icar...72..135B. doi:10.1016/0019-1035(87)90125-4. ISSN 0019-1035. Retrieved 29 December 2016. 
  8. ^ a b Behrend, Raoul. "Asteroids and comets rotation curves – (1609) Brenda". Geneva Observatory. Retrieved 29 December 2016. 
  9. ^ a b "1609 Brenda (1951 NL)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 29 December 2016. 
  10. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 29 December 2016. 

External links[edit]