161 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
161 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 161 BC
Ab urbe condita 593
Ancient Egypt era XXXIII dynasty, 163
- Pharaoh Ptolemy VI Philometor, 20
Ancient Greek era 154th Olympiad, year 4
Assyrian calendar 4590
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −753
Berber calendar 790
Buddhist calendar 384
Burmese calendar −798
Byzantine calendar 5348–5349
Chinese calendar 己卯(Earth Rabbit)
2536 or 2476
    — to —
庚辰年 (Metal Dragon)
2537 or 2477
Coptic calendar −444 – −443
Discordian calendar 1006
Ethiopian calendar −168 – −167
Hebrew calendar 3600–3601
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −104 – −103
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2940–2941
Holocene calendar 9840
Iranian calendar 782 BP – 781 BP
Islamic calendar 806 BH – 805 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 2173
Minguo calendar 2072 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1628
Seleucid era 151/152 AG
Thai solar calendar 382–383
Tibetan calendar 阴土兔年
(female Earth-Rabbit)
−34 or −415 or −1187
    — to —
(male Iron-Dragon)
−33 or −414 or −1186

Year 161 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar, at the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Messalla and Strabo (or, less frequently, year 593 Ab urbe condita) and the Third Year of Houyuan. The denomination 161 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Seleucid Empire[edit]

  • The rebel Seleucid general and ruler of Media, Timarchus, who has distinguished himself by defending Media against the emergent Parthians, treats Demetrius I's violent accession to the Seleucid throne as the excuse to declare himself an independent king and extend his realm from Media into Babylonia.
  • With the restoration of peace in Judea, an internal struggle breaks out between the supporters of Judas Maccabeus and the Hellenist party. The influence of the Hellenic Party all but collapses in the wake of the Seleucid defeat.
  • The Jewish High Priest Menelaus, who is supported by the Hellenist party, is removed from office and is executed. His successor is a moderate member of the Hellenist party, Alcimus. However, when Alcimus executes sixty Jews who are opposed to him, he finds himself in open conflict with the Maccabees. Alcimus flees from Jerusalem and goes to Damascus to ask the Seleucid king, Demetrius I, for help.
  • The Maccabees, led by Judas Maccabeus, and a Seleucid army, led by the Seleucid general Nicanor, fight the Battle of Adasa, near Beth-horon. Maccabeus wins the battle and Nicanor is killed.


Roman Republic[edit]

  • Marcus Pomponius, praetor in 161 BC, obtained a decree of the senate, forbidding philosophers and rhetoricians from living at Rome.