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Zzxjoanw is a famous fictitious entry in an encyclopedia which fooled logologists for many years. It referred to a purported Maori language word meaning "drum", "fife", or "conclusion". In 1903, author Rupert Hughes published an encyclopedia of classical music. Among the many sections of the "Guide" was a "pronouncing and defining dictionary of terms, etc"; the "dictionary," 252 pages in all, explained the meaning and gave the pronunciation of the German and other non-English words found in the terminology of classical music. At the end of the dictionary following the entry for "zymbel", Hughes added the following definition: zzxjoanw. Maori. 1. Drum. 2. Fife. 3. Conclusion; the entry was retained when the book was republished under different titles in 1912 and 1939. According to Dmitri Borgmann's 1965 book Language on Vacation: An Olio of Orthographical Oddities, printed before it was revealed as a hoax: The Music Lovers' Encyclopedia, compiled by Rupert Hughes, revised by Deems Taylor and Russell Kerr, published in 1954, presents us with one of the most unbelievable, one of the most intriguing letter combinations to claim recognition as a word: ZZXJOANW.

This spectacular word is so versatile that it possesses not one, but three different meanings: drum. The term is of Māori origin. In 1974 Mrs. Byrne's Dictionary of Unusual and Preposterous Words, while accepting the word's meaning as a "Maori drum", rejected Hughes' pronunciation of "shaw", proposing a somewhat different realization: "ziks-jo'an". Ross Eckler describes the hoax in his 1996 book Making the Alphabet Dance: The two-Z barrier was breached many years ago in a specialized dictionary, Rupert Hughes's The Musical Guide, published in various editions between 1905 and 1956, its final entry, ZZXJOANW Māori 1. Drum 2. Fife 3. Conclusion, remained unchallenged for more than seventy years until Philip Cohen pointed out various oddities: the strange pronunciation, the odd diversity of meanings and the non-Māori appearance of the word.. A hoax entered somewhere. No other Māori word appears in the dictionary, the suggested pronunciation of "shaw" does not conform to the format of the dictionary's own pronunciation guide.

The book You Say Tomato: An Amusing and Irreverent Guide to the Most Often Mispronounced Words in the English Language, published in 2005, appears to take the word seriously. Citing "eminent alternative lexicographer Mr. Peter Bowler" it gives the meaning as a Māori drum; the word, although a hoax, has taken on a life of its own. In the 1990 science-fiction novel Earth by David Brin, the following passage is found: Auntie Kapur tapped a steady beat on a miniature ceremonial drum -- which some called a zzxjoanw -- while making fatidic statements about amorous goddesses and other superstitious nonsense. In the 1990 graphic novel Batman 3-D, the story "Ego Trip" by John Byrne uses the word as a plot device, where it appears on a delivery receipt; the police believe it to be a garbled message, but Batman knows it to be an actual order of a Māori drum. Joe Dunthorne's 2008 novel Submarine includes the following reference: I write cryptic crossword clues on the back of my hands to solve during maths or religious education.

If a supply teacher gives us a word search, I try and find words which we are not supposed to be looking for. The word zzxjoanw: a Māori drum. Hughes, Rupert; the Musical Guide. New York: McClure, Phillips & Co. OCLC 861137. Hughes, Rupert. Music Lovers' Cyclopedia. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Doran & Co. OCLC 1315690. Hughes, Rupert. Music Lovers' Encyclopedia. Garden City, NY: Garden City Publishing Co. OCLC 163469059; the original 1903 entry, from Google Books

Tapani Rinne

Tapani Rinne is a Finnish musician and record producer, known for his experimental and innovative style with the clarinet and saxophone. Tapani Rinne, one of the best-known and respected contemporary jazz musicians and composers in Finland, studied music at the prestigious Sibelius Academy between 1981 and 1986; as an alumnus of the famed Edward Vesala's Sound & Fury workshops, he continued to experiment with jazz and became one of leading figures in Finland's contemporary jazz scene. Close collaboration lead Edvard Vesala and Rinne to start a new group called RinneRadio and to release the eponymous debut in 1988. RinneRadio's reputation as something radically new was cemented with following albums Dance and Visions, Joik and Rok when Rinne took over Vesala's role as the composer and pushed the ever-evolving group into fervent exploration of new soundscapes beyond jazz, drum & bass and techno - well before these kinds of mash-ups became trendy a few years later. Unik brought the group the Emma award for best jazz album of the year in 1994, equivalent to the Grammy in Finland.

In 1992 Rinne had received a personal accolade in the form of Yrjö award for the best jazz musician of the year, given by the Jazz Federation of Finland. RinneRadio released their 14th album, On, in 2007. In 2008 RinneRadio released a compilation album titled "20" to celebrate the 20th anniversary of the band; the album was compiled by asking radio and club DJ's to list tracks for their dream RinneRadio album. In 2009 it was time for a new material in the form of album Pole Stars. Despite the fact that RinneRadio was and still is a major part of Rinne's artistic legacy, he has sought new collaborations outside RinneRadio. In 1991 he joined Jimi Tenor, another saxophone experimentalist and produced an album called Suburban Sax. Rinne worked with the Sami yoik singer Wimme on his four albums, produced the accordionist Kimmo Pohjonen's albums Kielo and Kluster and composed music for numerous television series, films, dance pieces, circus shows. In 1999 he embarked on a new journey, his first solo album, based on the music he composed for the Swedish television series Insider.

The minimalistic glacial music was a distinct departure from RinneRadio's beat driven sound. He continued solo excursions in 2002 with Nectic, in 2005 with the Silent Night, which featured new interpretations of traditional Christmas carols. In 2002, Rinne formed SlowHill with the well-known Finnish DJ Slow, a former member of the band Pepe Deluxé, their band fused jazz sounds with electronic beats and got their first album Finndisc released on Blue Note Records. In 2005 SlowHill released their second album Fennika on Plastinka Records. Rinne composed the score with Slow for the Finnish movie Koti-ikävä, nominated for the Finnish equivalent of the Oscar, the Jussi Award. Summer 2010 saw the release of the third SlowHill album, called Muzak via Universal Music Finland. In 2011 he collaborated with the percussionist Teho Majamäki and they released together an instrumental album Inside the Temple, recorded in in temples in India's Maharashtra. Tapani Rinne:Silent Night, Insider Tapani Rinne & Teho Majamäki:Inside the Temple RinneRadio:Pole Stars, 20, On, +, Lumix, Nao, B, G, Rok, Joik, Dance And Vision, RinneRadio Wimme:Mun, Gierran, Wimme SlowHill:Muzak, Finndisc Jimi Tenor and Tapani Rinne:Suburban Sax With Edward Vesala Lumi Official website of Tapani Rinne RinneRadio’s official website RinneRadio’s page on MySpace RinneRadio review on All About Jazz Rinne & Majamäki review on All About Jazz

Odo III, Duke of Burgundy

Eudes III known in English as Odo III, was duke of Burgundy between 1192 and 1218. Odo was the eldest son of duke Hugh III and his first wife Alice, daughter of Matthias I, Duke of Lorraine. Odo did not follow his father's aggressive policies towards France and proved a worthy ally of king Philip II of France in his wars against John Lackland and the Holy Roman Emperor Otto IV of Germany, he fought bravely against the latter in the Battle of Bouvines, where he lost, according to contemporary chroniclers, two horses beneath him. Odo was an important figure in the Crusade against the Cathars; when Philip II refused to get involved, the Odo stepped forward with the support of the local bishops and his vassals and organized the campaign of 1209 against the Cathar strongholds. Before leaving on crusade against the Cathars, Odo pledged the castle of Ile-d'Ouche and the village of Crimolois to the Knights Templar to assist them in the defense of the Catholic faith, he married in 1194 Theresa of Portugal, the daughter of Afonso I of Portugal, Matilda of Savoy, the widow of Philip, Count of Flanders.

She was repudiated in 1195. In 1199, he married Alice of the daughter of Hugh, Seigneur de Vergy, by Gillette de Trainel; this marriage produced: Joan, married Raoul II of Lusignan, Seigneur d'Issoudun and Count of Eu. Alice married Robert I Count of Clermont and Dauphin of Auvergne Hugh IV, his successor in the duchy Beatrice, married Humbert III of Thoire Odo was portrayed by actor Peter Baldwin in the 1978 BBC TV drama series The Devil's Crown. Dukes of Burgundy family tree

Trio (Trio album)

Trio is the first studio album from the German band of the same name. It was released on October 1981 by Mercury Records, it has a handle attached to the cover. The commercial success of the album only started in 1982 with the release of the third version, which included the song Da Da Da, this being available on a separate single before. After April 1982, as part of the Neue Deutsche Welle the song became a national and an international hit; the album reached #3 on the German charts. The album Trio contains 14 songs in all, most of them with electric guitar and vocals; the majority of songs describe failed relationships and include media criticism. In the 1960s, singer Stephan Remmler and guitarist Kralle Krawinkel had played together in the northern German beat music band Just Us. After their breakup in 1970 and unsuccessful attempts at becoming solo artists and Krawinkel became qualified teachers at the beginning of the 70s. In January 1979, following the one-time reunion of Just Us, they decided to give producing commercially successful music a second chance.

They wrote the first songs for their album Trio at Krawinkel's farm in Rastede, Lower Saxony. At that stage, the group still recorded songs such as Nasty or Energie in a classical rock style, using guitars, drums and vocals. Remmler and Krawinkel worked with a number of different background musicians, among them the unemployed drummer Peter Behrens. Talking about Trio's eventual decision to continue making music as a three-piece band, which saw Behrens permanently join the other two, Stephan Remmler comments: We jammed with the prospective new band members for the entire weekend Peter started to come during the week as well. We worked as a trio at the weekend two other new members joined and when we compared the samples we realised that our material as a trio was a lot closer to what we wanted. Stephan Remmler The three of them rented a house in Regente, for 600 marks. In the cellar was the practice room where each song on the album "Trio" was developed. All the lyrics were written by Stephan Remmler, who took inspiration from everyday life in the house share.

In 2008 Krawinkel described the idea behind the lyrics to the song "Los Paul", which came to him when he and Behrens were watching a football match together: At that time Paul was on the German National team. Stephen came in and I said, "You haven't a clue about football! Get out!" "No no, I'd like to watch too!" He had a notebook with him. I said, "Go for it Paul, you gotta kick him in the balls!" He wrote down what I said, had a quick look and closed the notebook. The commentator said, "Two men are catching up on him". Stephan wrote that down too; that was our life. A pretty good life. Kralle Krawinkel The band, by this point known as Trio, recorded a selection of these songs on a four-track reel-to-reel from Teac in their own rehearsal room, they recorded two tracks, as well as an 9-minute live version of the song Broken Hearts for You and Me onto a 10" mini LP. Hoping to secure a record deal, the band applied to several record companies with these tracks but was met with 23 rejections. Louis Spillmann, the A&R Manager of the German record label Phonogram, was given a sample by an employee of the music publishers Francis, Day & Hunter and, because the song "Sunday You Need Love Monday Be Alone" caught his attention, he went to a Trio concert.

Convinced by the band's live performance, Spillmann offered the band a record deal that same evening. Klaus Voormann, an intimate friend of the Beatles and former Bassist for John Lennon, was at this time an advisor for Spillmann, he went to a band rehearsal in Großenkneten. He encouraged Spillmann's decision to take the band under contract, not only because of their professional stage presence, but because of their role distribution in the band which corresponded well to their characters. From on, Spillmann employed Voorman as the producer of Trio and they signed their first record contract. In the summer of 1981 Klaus Voormann asked Spillmann for 10,000 German marks to buy two eight-track machines in order to start production of Trio's debut album, they chose "Schweinestall-Studio" near Husum as the recording studio. It was run by Detlef Petersen and former keyboard player of the German-English band Lake, together with Geoffrey Peacey; the latter worked as a sound technician on the album. The drums and electric guitar were recorded live for every song by Krawinkel and Behrens and Remmler's vocals were dubbed over afterwards.

Because of the minimal instrumentation in the songs there was little that needed changing during the recording. The band mastered their songs through lots of practice and many performances, resulting in a rapid succession of recordings; the perfectionism of Stefan Remmler caused problems when he sent his band members and Klaus Voormann outside so that he could concentrate more on his singing. Some of the songs included instrumental passages that were kept short in the recording studio but extended during live performances. One example was the long solo on a child's guitar that comes at the end of "Kummer". Onstage this became a true cacophony. A long guitar solo in "Broken Hearts for You and Me" was removed. Other tracks, were fine-tuned with small additions. In "Nasty" the guitar solo is introduced by a tinkling sound, created in the studio using a cardboard box, full of broken glass and thrown around the studio; the intro to "Danger Is" always ended live with the band rhythmically

Baseball poker

Baseball is a variant of stud poker based on the American sport of the same name. Unlike traditional versions of poker, 3's, 4's and 9's hold special value because of their significance in the sport of baseball - three strikes, three outs, four balls, nine innings. Play proceeds. Betting is clockwise, the player with the lowest card showing starts; the action is dealt. One card dealt face up to each player. Upcard to each player. Upcard to each player. Upcard to each player. Downcard to each player. Showdown. All 3's and 9's are wild cards, meaning a player dealt them can attribute any value they want to them. For example, if they needed a Jack to complete a straight, a 3 or a 9 would count as a Jack. If a player is dealt a 4 face up, they are dealt an additional card face up; this means that some players will have more cards than their opponents, a big advantage. Because of the added value of 3's, 4's and 9's, the highest possible hand is Five of a Kind, not possible in traditional poker games, it beats a straight flush.

There are several variations of Baseball Poker. One pot limit version of the game states that any player, dealt a 3 face-up must either bet the size of the pot or fold their hand right away. Other games only require a fixed payment rather than the whole pot as an alternative to folding. Another version of the game makes face down 4's entitled to an additional card. There are variations as to when the player must announce they have a face down 4, whether the additional card should be face down as a result. Still another variation on the face-down 4's requires the player to "buy" the additional card by putting an additional sum into the pot. In this case, if the player declines to make the additional bet, they do not have to fold, but they do not get the additional card. Football is an alternative version of Baseball Poker where 3's and 6's are wild and an additional card is drawn if a player is dealt a 2. Woolworth is another variant, this time with 5's and 10's being wild, with an additional card awarded for players dealt a 2.

Blind Baseball is played with nine cards in total instead of seven. Baseball Poker entry at glossary Short Baseball Poker video tutorial at Night Baseball Poker at