1636 in literature
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This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1636.
- January 31 – The King's Men perform Shakespeare's Julius Caesar at St. James's Palace.
- February – James Shirley's The Duke's Mistress is performed at St. James's Palace.
- March 3 – A "great charter" to the University of Oxford establishes the Oxford University Press as the second of the privileged presses in England.
- May 10 – London theatres close, remaining almost continuously closed until the end of the year (and on to October 1637), as a result of to a severe outbreak of bubonic plague. Playing companies are profoundly impacted; the King's Revels Men dissolve, and other companies tour the countryside to survive.
- August – King Charles I and Queen Henrietta Maria visit the University of Oxford. They are entertained with the usual college theatricals, including productions of William Strode's allegory The Floating Island (with music by Henry Lawes), which mocks William Prynne as the play-hating Melancholico; George Wilde's Love's Hospital; and William Cartwright's The Royal Slave (also with music by Lawes, and design by Inigo Jones). Henrietta Maria enjoys the last-named work so much that she has it brought to London and acted at Hampton Court by her own company, Queen Henrietta's Men.
- December 8 – The King's Men perform Shakespeare's Othello at Hampton Court Palace.
- Compilation of the Annals of the Four Masters is completed by Mícheál Ó Cléirigh, assisted by Cú Choigcríche Ó Cléirigh, Fearfeasa Ó Maol Chonaire and Peregrine Ó Duibhgeannain, in the Franciscan friary in Donegal Town in Ireland under the patronage of Fearghal Ó Gadhra.
- Thomas Hobbes visits Florence.
- Tommaso Campanella leaves Italy for France, because of his pro-French views; he teaches at the Sorbonne.
- Athanasius Kircher – First grammar of the Coptic language
- Sir Henry Blount – A Voyage to the Levant
- Juan Pérez de Montalbán – Fama póstuma a la vida y muerte de Lope de Vega Carpio
- Salvador Jacinto Polo de Medina – Hospital de incurables y Viaje de este mundo y el otro
- Cristóbal de Salazar Mardones – Ilustración y defensa de la Fábula de Píramo y Tisbe
- José García de Salcedo Coronel – Comentario a las Soledades de Góngora
- Richard Brome – The New Academy
- Lodowick Carlell – Arviragus and Philicia
- William Cartwright – The Royal Slave
- John Cayworth – Enchiridion Christiados (masque)
- Pierre Corneille – L'Illusion Comique, performed
- Sir William Davenant – The Triumphs of the Prince D'Amour (masque), The Wits, and The Platonick Lovers published
- Pierre Corneille – Le Cid
- Henry Glapthorne – The Hollander and perhaps Wit in a Constable
- François Tristan l'Hermite – La Mariane
- Thomas Heywood – A Challenge for Beauty published
- Thomas Killigrew – Claracilla
- Philip Massinger – The Bashful Lover performed; The Great Duke of Florence published
- Pedro Calderón de la Barca
- Casa con dos puertas mala es de guardar
- La dama duende
- La devoción de la cruz
- La vida es sueño
- Parte XXX de comedias de varios autores
- Tirso de Molina –
- La vida de Herodes
- Marta la piadosa
- Thomas Nabbes – Microcosmus, a Moral Masque
- Jean Rotrou – Les Deux Sosies
- James Shirley – The Duke's Mistress
- William Strode – The Floating Island
- George Wilde – Love's Hospital
- Abraham Cowley – Sylva (in the 2nd edition of his collection Poetical Blossoms)
- April 7 – Gregório de Matos, Brazilian poet (died 1696)
- November 1 – Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux, French poet and critic (died 1711)
- November 11 – Yan Ruoqu (閻若璩), Chinese scholar and polymath (died 1704)
- Unknown dates
- Probable year of birth – Thomas Traherne, English poet and religious writer (died 1674)
- January 19 – Daniel Schwenter, German Orientalist, polymath, poet and librarian (born 1585)
- February 4 – James Perrot, Welsh politician and philosophical writer (born 1571)
- April 26 – Paul Hay du Chastelet, French orator and writer (born 1592
- August 25 – Bhai Gurdas, Punjabi Sikh scholar (born 1551)
- September 15 – Cuthbert Burbage, English theatre owner, associate of William Shakespeare (born 1566)
- December 9 – Fabian Birkowski, Polish writer and preacher (born 1566)
- Unknown dates
- Probable date – Antonio Mira de Amescua, Spanish dramatist (born c. 1578)
- Chambers, E. K. The Elizabethan Stage. 4 Volumes, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1923.
- "A Short History of Oxford University Press". Oxford University Press. 2012. Retrieved 2013-07-30.
- Fordham University: Modern History Sourcebook. Accessed 1 February 2013
- R. H. Shepherd, ed., The Plays and Poems of Henry Glapthorne: Now first collected with illustrative notes and a memoir of the Author, 2 volumes, London, J. Pearson, 1874.
- John R. Elliott, Jr and John Buttrey (1985). The Royal Plays at Christ Church in 1636: A New Document. Theatre Research International, 10, pp. 93–106. doi:10.1017/S0307883300010646.