1639 Amatrice earthquake

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1639 Amatrice earthquake
1639 Amatrice earthquake is located in Italy
1639 Amatrice earthquake
1639 Amatrice earthquake is located in Lazio
1639 Amatrice earthquake
Local date October 7, 1639 (1639-10-07)
Magnitude 6.0 M
Epicenter 42°38′20″N 13°15′40″E / 42.639°N 13.261°E / 42.639; 13.261Coordinates: 42°38′20″N 13°15′40″E / 42.639°N 13.261°E / 42.639; 13.261[1]
Areas affected Italy, Lazio
Max. intensity IX–X
Casualties 500[1]

The 1639 Amatrice earthquake[2] occurred on 7 October 1639 near Amatrice,[3] in the upper valley of the river Tronto, at the time part of the Kingdom of Naples, now Italy.

History[edit]

Carlo Tiberi Romano, New and faithful report of the terrible and frightening earthquake in Matrice and its State (Rome, 1639)

The princes Orsini left the city destroyed by the earthquake,[4] whose shock lasted fifteen minutes and caused about 500 deaths (although many bodies remained under the rubble). Damage was estimated between 400,000 and 1 million scudi of the time.[5]

The next 14 October there was a strong aftershock.[6]

Many inhabitants fled to the countryside, where tents were set up, while others found refuge in the church of San Domenico.[2] Among the buildings destroyed or badly damaged, there were: the princes Orsini's palace[7] (that at the time of the earthquake they were out of town), the Palazzo del Reggimento (Regiment's palace), the church of the Holy Crucifix, and other houses.[2] Rosaries and processions were organized by the people to invoke the end of earthquakes.[2] There were also heavy losses of the cattle (the main source of income at the time), which forced the population to migrate to Rome and Ascoli Piceno.[5]

The effects of the earthquake were described in detail in a report published by Carlo Tiberi in 1639, subsequently revised and updated in a second edition of the same year.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Guidoboni, Emanuela; Ferrari G.; Mariotti D.; Comastri A.; Tarabusi G. & Valensise G. (2007). "CFTI4Med, Catalogue of Strong Earthquakes in Italy (461 B.C.-1997) and Mediterranean Area (760 B.C.-1500)". INGV-SGA. Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved July 22, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d Carlo Tiberi Romano (1639). Nuova, e vera relazione del terribile, e spaventoso terremoto successo nella Città della Matrice, e suo Stato, Con patimento ancora di Accumulo, e Luoghi circonvicini, sotto li [7] del presente mese di ottobre 1639 (in Italian). Roma. 
  3. ^ Enrico Giustiniani. "Il terremoto di Amatrice del 7 ottobre 1639". giustiniani.info (in Italian). Retrieved 25 August 2016. 
  4. ^ Antonello Guerrera (24 August 2016). "La tragedia di Amatrice e Accumoli e quel "terremoto gemello" del 1639". Repubblica (in Italian). 
  5. ^ a b "08 10 1639 earthquake". CFTI – Catalogue of strong earthquakes in Italy. 
  6. ^ "Terremoto Centro Italia, Amatrice e Accumoli già distrutte da un sisma simile nel 1639". Huffington Post (in Italian). 24 August 2016. 
  7. ^ Manitta, Guglielmo (2016-08-25). "Amatrice, Accumoli, Arquata e Pescara del Tronto e i terremoti del 1639, 1672, 1703, 1730". Retrieved 26 August 2016. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]