Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology

The Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology is a research institute for terrestrial microbiology in Marburg, Germany. It is one of 80 institutes in the Max Planck Society, its sister institute is the Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, founded a year in 1992 in Bremen. There are around 19 research groups at the institute; the research at MPI-Marburg broadly focuses on understanding the functioning of microorganisms at the molecular and community levels. In particular, the focus is the mechanisms of cellular and community adaptation of bacteria in response to changes in the environment; the Institute consists of five departments with their respective research groups and heads: The Biogeochemistry Department, headed by Ralf Conrad, is focused on the microbial metabolism and biogeochemical matter cycling in soil. Soil microbial metabolism plays an important role in the global cycling of matter and — through the formation of atmospheric trace gases such as methane and nitrous oxide — influences the climate on Earth.

The department examines the role of soil microorganisms in carbon and nitrogen cycling in chemically well-defined processes such as the production and consumption of methane, the oxidation of ammonia, or denitrification. There are four research leaders in charge of six research groups and two project groups:Research Groups Ralf Conrad Methanogenic degradation Microbial metabolism of trace gasesAndreas Brune Microbial ecology of the termite gut Microbial symbiosesWerner Liesack Molecular biology and ecology of methanotrophs Environmental genomics and transcriptomicsProject Group Peter Frenzel Methane oxidation Biogeochemistry and microbial ecology of wetlands The Ecophysiology Department, headed by Lotte Søgaard-Andersen, focuses on understanding how intracellular signalling networks are wired to allow bacteria to adapt and differentiate in response to changes in the environment or in response to self-generated signals; the department has two aims. Firstly, they aim to understand how bacteria process information to generate appropriate output responses.

Secondly, they aim to understand how molecular machines involved in motility and secretion function and how their activity is regulated. Ecophysiology has three research groups led by the following in parenthesis: Bacterial secretion systems The intracellular organization and differentiation of bacteria Bacterial development & differentiation The Organismic Interactions Department, headed by Regine Kahmann, is focused on the biology of phytopathogenic fungi and in particular the mechanisms that underlie morphological differentiation and communication of these fungi with their plant hosts. Furthermore, the department is focused on the mechanisms that enable fungi to colonize plants and on the processes accounting for variations in host preference and fungal lifestyles. There are three research groups: Molecular phytopathology Establishment of compatibility in biotrophic interactions Functional genomics and molecular biology of symbiotic fungi The Department of Systems and Synthetic Microbiology, headed by Victor Sourjik, aims to elucidate general principles of evolutionary optimization of cellular networks and implement these principles in the design of novel networks in microorganisms.

Having a single research group, microbial networks is led by Sourjik. The Department of Synthetic Biochemistry and Metabolism is headed by Tobias J. Erb; the Emeritus Group at MPI-Marburg is headed by renowned biochemist and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize recipient, Rudolf K. Thauer, the founding director of the institute when it was established in 1991; the scientific focus of the group is on the biochemistry of methanogenic archaea, methanotrophic archaea and saccharolytic clostridia. The following specific topics are being addressed: Hydrogen activation Methane formation and anaerobic methane oxidation Ferredoxin reduction MPI-Marburg is scheduled to expand with a new Department for Synthetic Microbiology, in collaboration with the Max Planck Society and the University of Marburg; the new department will serve as a research centre for SYNMIKRO with about 100 scientific positions expected to be made available. A grant of about 21 million Euro has been allocated for the period of 2010-12 alone.

The Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology operates the International Max Planck Research School for Environmental and Molecular Microbiology program, in collaboration with the Philipps University of Marburg. The degrees are conferred by the University, as is the case for all other IMPRS programs in the MPG. Apart from the University, the MPI has close collaborations with research centres in the city and overseas. More specific information on their collaborations can be found on their cooperations page. Homepage Cooperations of the Max Planck Institute Marburg The IMPRS-Mic Phd Program Information on the SYNMIKRO Department SYNMIKRO Homepage

Take Ten

Take Ten is an album recorded by American jazz saxophonist Paul Desmond featuring performances recorded in 1963 which were released on the RCA Victor label. Allmusic awarded the album 4½ stars stating "There is not a single track here that isn't loaded with ingeniously worked out, always melodic ideas". All compositions by Paul Desmond except. "Take Ten" – 3:11 "El Prince" – 3:38 "Alone Together" – 6:52 "Embarcadero" – 4:07 "Theme from "Black Orpheus"" – 4:14 "Nancy" – 6:05 "Samba de Orfeu" – 4:29 "The One I Love" – 5:37Note Recorded at Webster Hall in New York City on June 5, 1963, June 10, 1963. June 12, 1963, June 14, 1963 and June 25, 1963. Paul Desmond – alto saxophone Jim Hallguitar Gene Cherico, Eugene Wrightbass Connie Kaydrums