1649 in philosophy

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List of years in philosophy

1649 in philosophy


Queen Christina (at the table on the right) in discussion with French philosopher René Descartes. (Romanticized painting from the 19th century)
Descartes arrived on 4 October 1649, and tutored her for the next 4 months until he caught pneumonia and died ten days later on 11 February 1650. Speculations have been made as to the causes of his illness. Some cite the icy weather, others argue it may have been elicited by the rigorous schedule asked of Descartes by the queen. In 1991 a German scholar published a book questioning this account and more arguments against its veracity have been raised.[1][2]




  • November 19 - Caspar Schoppe (born 1576)[6] – Best known for his book Grammatica philosophica (Milan, 1628)[6]


  1. ^ Eike Pies (1996). Der Mordfall Descartes : Dokumente, Indizien, Beweise (in German). Solingen : Brockmann. ISBN 978-3930132058. 
  2. ^ Theodor Ebert (2009). Der rätselhafte Tod des René Descartes (in German). Alibri Verlag. ISBN 978-3865690487. 
  3. ^ Saul Fisher (31 May 2005). "Pierre Gassendi". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
  4. ^ Pierre Gassendi (1649). Animadversiones in decimum librum Diogenis Laertii: qui est De vita, moribus, placitisque Epicuri. Continent autem Placita, quas ille treis statuit Philosophiae parteis 3 I. Canonicam, …; - II. Physicam, …; - III. Ethicam (in Latin). Lyon: Guillaume Barbier. 
  5. ^ Borchert, Donald M. "MILTON, JOHN (1608–1674)." Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Detroit: Thomson Gale/Macmillan Reference USA, 2006. 248-49. Print.
  6. ^ a b Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Schoppe, Caspar". Encyclopædia Britannica. 24 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.