1660 in literature
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This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1660.
- January 1 – Samuel Pepys starts his diary.
- February – John Rhodes reopens the old Cockpit Theatre in London, forms a company of young actors and begins to stage plays. His production of Pericles will be the first Shakespearean performance of the Restoration era; Thomas Betterton makes his stage debut in the title rôle.
- May – The English Restoration: a host of royalist exiles return to England, Richard Baxter among them, and many panegyrics are produced to commemorate the event. However, the anti-monarchist John Milton is forced into hiding as a warrant for his arrest is in force until the summer and his writings are burned.
- August 21 – The newly restored King Charles II of England issues a royal grant for two theatre companies: a King's Company under his own patronage, led by Thomas Killigrew, and a Duke's Company under the patronage of his brother, the Duke of York and future King James II, led by Sir William Davenant. On November 8, the King's Company moves from the old Red Bull Theatre to the new Vere St. Theatre.
- September 5 – Roger Boyle receives the title of Earl of Orrery.
- December 8 – First actress to appear on the professional stage in England in a non-singing rôle, as Desdemona in Othello, variously considered to be Margaret Hughes, Anne Marshall or Katherine Corey.
- Royalist poet Robert Herrick returns to his parish in Devon following the English Restoration.
- Francis Kirkman operates an early form of lending library, based on his collection of plays, in Westminster (London).
- The Klencke Atlas is commissioned by Dutch merchants as a gift to King Charles II of England; at 1.75 m (5 ft 9in) tall it is one of the world's largest books.
- Blaise Pascal's Lettres Provinciales is burned as a heretical work on the orders of King Louis XIV of France.
- Sarah Blackborow – The Just and Equall Ballance Discovered
- Nicolas Boileau-Despreaux – Satires
- Francisco Manuel de Melo – Epanáphoras de varia historia portuguesa
- John Dryden – Astraea Redux
- Richard Flecknoe – Heroick Portraits
- George Mackenzie – Aretina (the first Scottish novel)
- John Milton – The Ready and Easy Way to Establish a Free Commonwealth
- Thomas Plowden, S.J. (translated) – The Learned Man Defended and Reform'd (Daniello Bartoli's L'huomo di lettere)
- Jeremy Taylor – Ductor Dubitantium, or the Rule of Conscience
- Anonymous (misattributed to James Shirley) – Andromana (published)
- Thomas Ford – Love's Labyrinth, or the Royal Shepherdess (published)
- William Lower – The Amorous Fantasm (adapted from Philippe Quinault's Le Fantôme Amoreux)
- John Tatham
- London's Glory (staged at the Guildhall)
- The Rump (published)
- Pedro Calderón de la Barca – Celos aun del aire matan
- Molière – Sganarelle, ou Le Cocu imaginaire
- Rachel Jevon – Exultationis Carmen
- Robert Wild – Iter Boreale. Attempting Something upon the Successful and Matchless March of the Lord General George Monk from Scotland to London
- March 28 – Arnold Houbraken, Dutch writer and painter (died 1719)
- May or earlier – Anne Killigrew, English poet (died 1685)
- Unknown dates
- Probable year of birth – Liu Zhi (劉智), Chinese Muslim scholar (died c. 1739)
- April 30 – Petrus Scriverius, Dutch scholar and writer (born 1576)
- October 6 – Paul Scarron, French dramatist and novelist (born c. 1610)
- December 31 – Thomas Powell, Welsh writer and cleric (born c. 1608)
- Unknown date – Sir Thomas Urquhart, Scottish writer and translator (born 1611)
- The Hutchinson Factfinder. Helicon. 1999. ISBN 1-85986-000-1.
- Howe, Elizabeth (1992). The First English Actresses: Women and Drama, 1660–1700. Cambridge University Press. p. 24.
- Gilder, Rosamond (1931). Enter the Actress: The First Women in the Theatre. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. p. 166.
- Cain, Tom (2004). "Herrick, Robert (bap. 1591, d. 1674)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/13092. Retrieved 2014-03-25. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- Royle, Trevor. "Aretina". The Mainstream Companion to Scottish Literature.
- Notes to the Diary of Samuel Pepys Retrieved 24 August 2016