166 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
166 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 166 BC
Ab urbe condita 588
Ancient Egypt era XXXIII dynasty, 158
- Pharaoh Ptolemy VI Philometor, 15
Ancient Greek era 153rd Olympiad, year 3
Assyrian calendar 4585
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −758
Berber calendar 785
Buddhist calendar 379
Burmese calendar −803
Byzantine calendar 5343–5344
Chinese calendar 甲戌(Wood Dog)
2531 or 2471
    — to —
乙亥年 (Wood Pig)
2532 or 2472
Coptic calendar −449 – −448
Discordian calendar 1001
Ethiopian calendar −173 – −172
Hebrew calendar 3595–3596
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −109 – −108
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2935–2936
Holocene calendar 9835
Iranian calendar 787 BP – 786 BP
Islamic calendar 811 BH – 810 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 2168
Minguo calendar 2077 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1633
Seleucid era 146/147 AG
Thai solar calendar 377–378
Tibetan calendar 阳木狗年
(male Wood-Dog)
−39 or −420 or −1192
    — to —
(female Wood-Pig)
−38 or −419 or −1191

Year 166 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar, at the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Marcellus and Galus (or, less frequently, year 588 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 166 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Seleucid Empire[edit]

  • The Seleucid king Antiochus IV mounts a campaign against the Parthians who are threatening his empire in the east. He leaves his chancellor, Lysias, with responsibility for the government of southern Syria and the guardianship of his son.
  • The leader of the Jewish revolt against Syria rule, Mattathias, dies and his third son, Judas, assumes leadership of the revolt in accordance with the deathbed disposition of his father.
  • The Battle of Beth Horon is fought between Jewish forces led by Judas Maccabeus and a Seleucid army. Maccabeus gains the element of surprise and successfully routs the much larger Syrian army.
  • The Battle of Emmaus takes place between the Jewish rebels led by Judas Maccabeus and Seleucid forces sent by Antiochus IV and led by Lysias and his general, Gorgias. In the ensuing battle, Judas Maccabeus and his men succeed in repelling Gorgias and forcing his army out of Judea and down to the coastal plain in what is an important victory in the war for Judea's independence.

Roman Republic[edit]

  • The Roman playwright Terence's Andria (The Girl from Andros) is first performed at the Megalesian games.