1679 Armenia earthquake

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1679 Armenia earthquake
1679 Armenia earthquake is located in Armenia
1679 Armenia earthquake
Local date June 4, 1679 (1679-06-04)[1]
Magnitude 6.4 Ms[2]
Epicenter 40°12′N 44°42′E / 40.2°N 44.7°E / 40.2; 44.7Coordinates: 40°12′N 44°42′E / 40.2°N 44.7°E / 40.2; 44.7 [2]
Areas affected Yerevan Province, Persian Empire
Max. intensity IX–X[2]
Casualties 7,600[2]

The 1679 Armenia earthquake (also called Yerevan earthquake or Garni earthquake) took place on June 4 in the Yerevan region of Armenia, then part of the Persian Empire.[1]

Numerous buildings were destroyed as a result of the earthquake. In Yerevan (Erivan) most notable structures were damaged. The Erivan Fortress was destroyed completely, so were the following churches: Poghos-Petros, Katoghike, Zoravor and the Gethsemane Chapel.[1]

Furthermore, the nearby Kanaker village was completely destroyed. The classical Hellenistic Temple of Garni also collapsed.[3] Among many churches and monasteries that were reduced to ruins were Havuts Tar, Saint Sargis Monastery of Ushi, Hovhannavank, Geghard, and Khor Virap.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Hakobyan, Tadevos (1979). Երևանի պատմությունը (1500–1800 ԹԹ.) [History of Yerevan (1500–1800)] (in Armenian). Yerevan State University Press. p. 328. 
  2. ^ a b c d Utsu, T. R. (2002), "A List of Deadly Earthquakes in the World: 1500–2000", International Handbook of Earthquake & Engineering Seismology, Part A, Volume 81A (First ed.), Academic Press, p. 69, ISBN 978-0124406520 
  3. ^ a b Hasrat'yan, Mourad (1995). "The medieval earthquakes of the Armenian Plateau and the historic towns of Ayrarat and Shirak (Dvin, Ani, Erevan)". Annali di Geofisica. Italian National Institute of Geophysics. 38 (5–6): 721.