169th Engineer Battalion

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The battalion is currently part of the U.S. Army Engineer School, headquartered at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri and is a subordinate unit to the 1st Engineer Brigade. The battalion mainly conducts advanced individual training for engineering vertical skills and specialty engineering skills.

169th Engineer Battalion
169th EN BN Coat of Arms.jpg
Coat of arms
Active 1943-46
1947–72
1986 – present
Country  United States
Branch Army
Type Engineer
Motto(s) Mind and Hand
Engagements

World War II:

Rome-Arno
North Apennines
Po Valley
Vietnam
Decorations Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Honor Medal, First Class
Meritorious Unit Commendation (3)
Website Official 169th Engineer Battalion website
Insignia
DUI 169th Engineer Battalion.png

Subordinate units[edit]

History and lineage[edit]

Shortly after the battalion was formed in 1943 at Camp Beale, California, it first saw combat during the Allied Invasion of Italy in September 1944, the battalion fought its way up the Italian Peninsula. After the capture of Rome, the 169th played a significant role in the seven-month campaign to push the Nazi Army through the Apennines and out of the Po Valley of Northern Italy. Throughout their campaign in Italy, the soldiers of the 169th cleared minefields and tank obstacles, destroyed enemy bunkers, cleared roadways, built many bridges to replace those destroyed by the retreating enemy, removed barbwire obstacles, built enemy prisoner of war compounds, and fought as Infantry when the need arose, the battalion received the Rome, North Apennines, and the Po Valley campaign streamers as a result of their courageous service in Italy during World War II.

Beginning in 1954, the battalion spent twelve years at Fort Stewart, Georgia before their next major period of active service in Vietnam, at Fort Stewart, the battalion’s mission was to construct, rehabilitate and maintain military routes of communications and facilities, and perform related engineering work in the communications zone and rear areas of the combat zone. Starting in 1966, the 169th served seven years in a war that had no front lines and where the farmer working in the field by day became an enemy attacking by night, this battalion built hundreds of miles of roads and constructed quarters for thousands of American soldiers throughout the Delta region of South Vietnam. They also built bridges, installed culverts, repaired heavy construction equipment, cleared land, and accomplished all the missions associated with heavy engineer construction equipment operators, mechanics, carpenters, plumbers, electricians, structures specialists, and combat engineers, the battalion was reactivated in 1986 and served as Advanced Individual Training unit responsible for the training of various vertical construction specialties. Later that year, the battalion became the 169th Engineer Battalion (Support); in this role, the 169th supported all types of engineer training on Fort Leonard Wood by commanding the staff and faculty company, garrison company, and engineer companies whose mission involved pipelines, quarries, fire fighting, and bridging. In the spring of 1995, the 169th became a One Station Unit Training battalion responsible for training combat engineers, bridge builders, heavy construction equipment operators and mechanics, and engineer technicians for service in today’s Army, the 169th has a credit for 14 campaigns in Southeast Asia and three in World War II. It has also received three meritorious unit commendations and one Vietnam Civil Action Honor Medal.

Distinctive unit insignia[edit]

169th Engineer Battalion.png

Description: A silver color metal and enamel device 1 1/8 inches (2.86 cm) in height overall consisting of a shield blazoned: Per fess enhanced dovetailed of three Argent and Gules, in base a fleur-de-lis flowered of the first. Attached below the shield is a silver scroll inscribed "MIND AND HAND" in black letters.

Symbolism: Scarlet and white are the colors of the Corps of Engineers, the fleur-de-lis flowered was suggested by the coat of arms of Florence, Italy, where the battalion was activated after being reconstituted in 1944. The dovetail is used to allude to an engineering construction principle, the three points represent the organization's three battle honors awarded for service in Italy during World War II.

Background: The distinctive unit insignia was approved on 26 Jan 1956.

Coat of arms[edit]

169th EN BN Coat of Arms.jpg

Shield: Scarlet and white are the colors of the Corps of Engineers, the fleur-de-lis flowered was suggested by the coat of arms of Florence, Italy, where the battalion was activated after being reconstituted in 1944. The dovetail is used to allude to an engineering construction principle, the three points represent the organization's three battle honors awarded for service in Italy during World War II.

Crest: The many campaigns in which the 169th participated, during the Vietnam conflict are recalled by the golden dragon, holding an engineer's divider to symbolize the outstanding construction work the unit accomplished in support of military operations during 1967 and 1968, the mountains represent the rugged country in which exacting land development projects were completed and also symbolize the regions in Italy where the unit saw action during World War II, specifically the Po Valley, North Apennines and Rome-Arno. Scarlet denotes courage and recalls three Meritorious Unit Commendations and the Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Honor Medal awarded the 169th in the period 1966 to 1970.

Honors[edit]

169th Engineer Battalion's Lineage and Honors Certificate

Campaign Participation Credit
World War II [1]
Rome-Arno
North Apennines
Po Valley

Vietnam
Counteroffensive [2]
Counteroffensive, Phase II [3]
Counteroffensive, Phase III [4]
Tet Counteroffensive
Counteroffensive, Phase IV
Counteroffensive, Phase V
Counteroffensive, Phase VI
Tet 69/Counteroffensive
Summer-Fall 1969
Winter-Spring 1970
Sanctuary Counteroffensive
Counteroffensive, Phase VII
Consolidation I
Consolidation II
Cease-Fire

Decorations
Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1966-1967 [5][6]
Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1967[7][8]
Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered 1967-1968 [9][10]
Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Honor Medal, First Class, Streamer embroidered VIETNAM 1967-1970 [11]

References[edit]

External links[edit]