16S rRNA (adenine1518-N6/adenine1519-N6)-dimethyltransferase

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16S rRNA (adenine1518-N6/adenine1519-N6)-dimethyltransferase
Identifiers
EC number 2.1.1.182
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum

16S rRNA (adenine1518-N6/adenine1519-N6)-dimethyltransferase (EC 2.1.1.182, S-adenosylmethionine-6-N',N'-adenosyl (rRNA) dimethyltransferase, KsgA, ksgA methyltransferase) is an enzyme with systematic name S-adenosyl-L-methionine:16S rRNA (adenine1518-N6/adenine1519-N6)-dimethyltransferase.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8] This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction

4 S-adenosyl-L-methionine + adenine1518/adenine1519 in 16S rRNA 4 Ribosomal RNA + N6-dimethyladenine1518/N6-dimethyladenine1519 in 16S rRNA

KsgA introduces the dimethylation of adenine1518 and adenine1519 in 16S rRNA. Strains lacking the methylase are resistant to kasugamycin [1].

References[edit]

  1. ^ Helser, T.L.; Davies, J.E.; Dahlberg, J.E. (1971). "Change in methylation of 16S ribosomal RNA associated with mutation to kasugamycin resistance in Escherichia coli". Nature New Biology. 233: 12–14. doi:10.1038/newbio233012a0. PMID 4329247. 
  2. ^ Helser, T.L.; Davies, J.E.; Dahlberg, J.E. (1972). "Mechanism of kasugamycin resistance in Escherichia coli". Nature New Biology. 235: 6–9. doi:10.1038/newbio235006a0. PMID 4336392. 
  3. ^ van Buul, C.P.; van Knippenberg, P.H. (1985). "Nucleotide sequence of the ksgA gene of Escherichia coli: comparison of methyltransferases effecting dimethylation of adenosine in ribosomal RNA". Gene. 38: 65–72. doi:10.1016/0378-1119(85)90204-5. PMID 3905517. 
  4. ^ Formenoy, L.J.; Cunningham, P.R.; Nurse, K.; Pleij, C.W.; Ofengand, J. (1994). "Methylation of the conserved A1518-A1519 in Escherichia coli 16S ribosomal RNA by the ksgA methyltransferase is influenced by methylations around the similarly conserved U1512.G1523 base pair in the 3′ terminal hairpin". Biochimie. 76: 1123–1128. doi:10.1016/0300-9084(94)90040-x. PMID 7538324. 
  5. ^ O'Farrell, H.C.; Scarsdale, J.N.; Rife, J.P. (2004). "Crystal structure of KsgA, a universally conserved rRNA adenine dimethyltransferase in Escherichia coli". J. Mol. Biol. 339: 337–353. doi:10.1016/j.jmb.2004.02.068. PMID 15136037. 
  6. ^ Poldermans, B.; Roza, L.; Van Knippenberg, P.H. (1979). "Studies on the function of two adjacent N6,N6-dimethyladenosines near the 3′ end of 16 S ribosomal RNA of Escherichia coli. III. Purification and properties of the methylating enzyme and methylase-30 S interactions". J. Biol. Chem. 254: 9094–9100. PMID 383712. 
  7. ^ Demirci, H.; Belardinelli, R.; Seri, E.; Gregory, S.T.; Gualerzi, C.; Dahlberg, A.E.; Jogl, G. (2009). "Structural rearrangements in the active site of the Thermus thermophilus 16S rRNA methyltransferase KsgA in a binary complex with 5′-methylthioadenosine". J. Mol. Biol. 388: 271–282. doi:10.1016/j.jmb.2009.02.066. PMC 2679894Freely accessible. PMID 19285505. 
  8. ^ Tu, C.; Tropea, J.E.; Austin, B.P.; Court, D.L.; Waugh, D.S.; Ji, X. (2009). "Structural basis for binding of RNA and cofactor by a KsgA methyltransferase". Structure. 17: 374–385. doi:10.1016/j.str.2009.01.010. PMC 2672589Freely accessible. PMID 19278652. 

External links[edit]