16th Indian Division

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16th Indian Division
Active 1916–1922
Country  British India
Allegiance British Crown
Branch  British Indian Army
Type Infantry
Size Division
Part of Northern Army
Engagements First World War
Third Afghan War

The 16th Indian Division was an infantry division of the Indian Army during the First World War. It was formed in December 1916, during the First World War, it was the only war formed division of the British Indian Army that was not sent overseas,[a] instead it was sent to guard the North West Frontier. The division took over the responsibilities of the 3rd Lahore Divisional Area when it was disbanded in May 1917.

The 16th Division was called into action for the Waziristan Campaign in 1917, the 45th (Jullundur) Brigade under command of Brigadier Reginald Dyer were responsible for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre; in 1919, they were sent into Afghanistan during the Third Afghan War.[4]

The division was not reformed for the Second World War.[5]

Formation[edit]

43rd Indian Brigade[edit]

44th (Ferozepore) Brigade[edit]

Joined the division in February 1917:

45th (Jullundur) Brigade[edit]

Joined the division in May 1917:

In the Third Afghan War the formation was:

Ambala Brigade[edit]

Joined the division in May 1917:

Divisional troops[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The 3rd Lahore,[1] 6th Poona,[2] and 7th Meerut Divisional Areas[3] also remained in India throughout the war.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Perry 1993, p. 55
  2. ^ Perry 1993, p. 82
  3. ^ Perry 1993, p. 97
  4. ^ "Waziristan Campaign 1917". 25th County of London Cycle Battalion. Archived from the original on 3 October 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-01. 
  5. ^ Kempton 2003a, i
  6. ^ Collett, pp.301–302

Bibliography[edit]

  • Collett, Nigel (2007). The Butcher of Amritsar: General Reginald Dyer. Continuum International Publishing Group. ISBN 1-85285-575-4. 
  • Kempton, Chris (2003a). 'Loyalty & Honour', The Indian Army September 1939 – August 1947. Part I Divisions. Milton Keynes: The Military Press. ISBN 0-85420-228-5. 
  • Perry, F.W. (1993). Order of Battle of Divisions Part 5B. Indian Army Divisions. Newport: Ray Westlake Military Books. ISBN 1-871167-23-X. 

External links[edit]