Roseville station (California)
Roseville is an Amtrak train station in Roseville, United States. It serves the California Zephyr and Capitol Corridor lines and it is located at 201 Pacific Street and is unstaffed. The design of the two-story building pays homage to Southern Pacific Railroad stations from the early 20th century, in FY2012 it was the 30th-busiest of Amtraks 74 California stations, boarding or detraining an average of about 170 passengers daily. Amtrak – Stations – Roseville, CA Roseville Amtrak Station Roseville --Great American Stations
Fremont station is located in Fremont, California and is served by Amtraks Capitol Corridor and the Altamont Corridor Express. The Station is located in Alameda County, the Altamont Corridor Express serves the station on weekdays. Amtraks Capitol Corridor stops 14 times daily, with seven trains in each direction, the Coast Starlight passes the station daily, but does not stop. Amtrak tickets can be purchased from the QuikTrak machine located inside the waiting area. The station has two outside-boarding platforms, platform 1, nearest the station on the north side of the tracks, is of standard length for Capitol Corridor trains. Platform 2, on the side of the tracks, is a short platform. The Fremont Boulevard grade crossing is immediately to the west of the station, passengers board the train from the road. Of the 74 California stations served by Amtrak, Fremont was the 36th-busiest in FY2012, AC Transit has a bus stop across the street, served by Lines 210,99, and Transbay bus U. Line 216 and All-Nighter 801 serve the station on nearby Peralta Blvd, Lines 99 and 216 connect this station to the Fremont.
Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach buses stop right at the station, the Depot Diner, located at the west end of the depot, contains the historic creamery counter and chairs from Cloverdale Creamery. Fremont Flowers moved the original chairs and counter to the depot. The owner of the shop owns the Depot Diner. Centervilles first Southern Pacific Railroad station was nothing more than a boxcar, in that month the current wooden structure was opened. It was one of sixty Type 23 stations built by Southern Pacific, the station was a busy one during its early years, handling both freight and passenger traffic, including two to three daily milk trains. By the mid-1920s, automobile traffic began to grow, and the trains were discontinued. Passenger service ended on March 29,1940, the Railway Express Agency continued shipping to and from the station until 1958. The station was closed on September 30,1961. The station changed many times in the following decades, becoming a furniture store, a spice store, a toy store
Bakersfield station (Amtrak)
Bakersfield station is a train station in Bakersfield, California. It is the terminus of Amtrak Californias San Joaquin route, with Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach service continuing to Amtrak stations and bus stops throughout Southern California. The station opened with a celebration on July 4,2000 and it contains an 8,300 square feet station,2 tracks, and a 15-bay bus station. The original operator for train service on line was the Atchison, Topeka. Their station was located at the intersection of 15th Street and F Street and it was constructed in 1899 and demolished in 1972. Named Santa Fe passenger trains served at the station included the San Francisco Chief, starting in 1974, Amtrak operated out of a temporary station at that site, until this station was constructed. Construction of the San Francisco and San Joaquin Valley Railroad reached Bakersfield in 1898, they would not construct a train station in the city, because once completed, the railroad was purchased by Atchison and Santa Fe. It would obtained trackage rights over Tehachapi Pass from the Southern Pacific Railroad and they constructed the Bakersfield Santa Fe Station in 1899, at the intersection of F Street and 15th Street.
The station occupied two blocks of land, between D Street and F Street, a Harvey House was located on the east side of the station. In 1901, the Bakersfield and Kern Electric Railway was relocated to serve the station and it provided a direct connection between the Bakersfield Santa Fe Station and the Bakersfield Southern Pacific Station. In 1938, Santa Fe began operating intermodal rail service on the San Joaquin Valley line, trains would travel between Oakland and Bakersfield on the railroad line. At Bakersfield passengers would transfer to one of several bus routes, as a result, bus bays were constructed at the station. Service continued until 1971, when Amtrak was formed, since a rail route along the coast and in the San Joaquin Valley was considered redundant, the San Joaquin Valley route was dropped. In 1972, the station was demolished by Santa Fe and replaced with freight offices. However, train service restarted only two later, in 1974. It was decided to use the route previously used by Santa Fe.
This would pose a problem for Bakersfield, the city would serve as the transfer point between rail and bus, but did not have any facilities for it. A temporary structure was erected at the new parking lot east of the freight offices, buses would park wherever space was available
At its height during the 1940s, the Key System had over 66 miles of track. The local streetcars were discontinued in 1948 and the trains to San Francisco were discontinued in 1958. The Key Systems territory is served by BART and AC Transit bus service. The Key System began as the San Francisco and San Jose Railway, service began on October 26,1903 with a 4-car train carrying 250 passengers, departing downtown Berkeley for the ferry pier. The company touted its key route, which led to the adoption of the name Key System, in 1908, the SFOSJR changed its name to the San Francisco, Oakland & San Jose Consolidated Railway, changed to the San Francisco-Oakland Terminal Railway in 1912. This went bankrupt in December 1923 and was re-organized as the Key System Transit Co. transforming a marketing buzzword into the name of the company. Following the Great Crash of 1929, a company called the Railway Equipment & Realty Co. was created. In 1938, the became the Key System. During World War II, the Key System built and operated the Shipyard Railway between a station in Emeryville and the Kaiser Shipyards in Richmond.
National City Lines acquired 64% of the stock in the system in 1946, jay Quinby hand published a document exposing the ownership of National City Lines. The new owners made a number of rapid changes, in 1946 they cut back the A-1 train route and the express trains in 1947. The company increased fares in 1946 and in both January and November 1947, during the period there were many complaints of overcrowding. They were convicted of conspiring to monopolize sales of buses and supplies and they were acquitted of conspiring to monopolize the ownership of these companies. In 1948 they proposed a plan to all the streetcars to buses. They placed an advertisement in the local papers explaining their plan to modernize and motorize Line 14, Oakland city council opposed the plan by 5–3. The Public Utilities Commission supported the plan which included large fare increases, in October 1948,700 people signed a petition with the PUC against the Key System, seeking restoration of the bus service on the #70 Chabot Bus line.
The councils of Oakland and San Leandro opposed the removal of street cars, the traffic planners supported removal of the streetcar lines to facilitate movement of automobiles. Local governments in the East Bay attempted to purchase the Key System, Streetcars were converted to buses during November/December 1948
Southern Pacific Transportation Company
The Southern Pacific Transportation Company, earlier Southern Pacific Railroad and Southern Pacific Company, and usually called the Southern Pacific or Espee, was an American Class I railroad. It was absorbed in 1988 by the company controlled the Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad. The railroad was founded as a holding company in 1865. By 1900 the Southern Pacific Company was a railroad system incorporating many smaller companies, such as the Texas and New Orleans Railroad and Morgans Louisiana. It extended from New Orleans through Texas to El Paso, across New Mexico and through Tucson, to Los Angeles, through most of California, including San Francisco, Central Pacific lines extended east across Nevada to Ogden and reached north through Oregon to Portland. By the 1980s route mileage had dropped to 10,423 miles, in 1988 the Southern Pacific was taken over by D&RGW parent Rio Grande Industries. The combined railroad kept the Southern Pacific name due to its recognition in the railroad industry.
Along with the addition of the SPCSL Corporation route from Chicago to St. Louis, by 1996 years of financial problems had dropped SPs mileage to 13,715 miles, and it was taken over by the Union Pacific Railroad. Southern Pacific founded important hospitals in San Francisco, Tucson, in the 1970s, it founded a telecommunications network with a state-of-the-art microwave and fiber optic backbone. This evolved into Sprint, a company name that came from the acronym for Southern Pacific Railroad Internal Networking Telephony. The original aim was to construct a railroad from Galveston Bay to a point on the Red River near a trading post known as Coffees Station, the GRR built 2 miles of track in Houston in 1855. Track laying began in earnest in 1856 and on 1 September 1856 GRR was renamed the Houston and Texas Central Railway. SP acquired H&TC in 1883 but it continued to operate as a subsidiary under its own management until 1927, when it was leased to another SP-owned railroad, the Texas and New Orleans Railroad.
The Buffalo Bayou and Colorado Railway, was chartered in Texas on 11 February 1850 by a group that included General Sidney Sherman, bBB&C was the first railroad to commence operation in Texas and the first component of SP to commence operation. Surveying of the route alignment commenced at Harrisburg, Texas in 1851, the first 20 miles of track opened in August 1853. SP was founded in San Francisco, California in 1865 by a group of businessmen led by Timothy Phelps with the aim of building a connection between San Francisco and San Diego, California. The company was purchased in September 1868 by a group of known as the Big Four, Charles Crocker, Leland Stanford, Mark Hopkins. The Big Four had, in 1861, created the Central Pacific Railroad, CPRR was merged into SP in 1870
Emeryville is an Amtrak station in Emeryville, California that replaced the older Amtrak 16th Street Station in Oakland. The original Beaux-Arts Oakland 16th Street Station was declared due to unreinforced masonry after sustaining damage in the Loma Prieta earthquake of 1989. Emeryville opened on August 13,1993, although service continued at Oakland for another year, the station is served by Amtrak Californias Capitol Corridor and San Joaquins and Amtraks Coast Starlight. Of the 74 California stations served by Amtrak, Emeryville was the fourth busiest in FY2012 and this Station is located in Alameda County. Extensive Amtrak Thruway bus connections are available in Emeryville, Route 99 connects all arriving and departing trains with San Francisco. Additional connections are provided by Route 17 to Santa Barbara and Route 34 to Stockton, several public transit bus lines serve the station vicinity, The free Emery Go-Round Hollis and Hollis South routes stop on Horton Street, across the street from the station.
Golden Gate Transit Route 580 stops on Hollis Street, a short walk east of the station, AC Transit Route 26 stops on Shellmound Street, across the pedestrian bridge located at the station. Media related to Emeryville station at Wikimedia Commons Amtrak – Stations – Emeryville, CA Emeryville Amtrak Station Emeryville --Great American Stations
Chicago Union Station
Chicago Union Station is a major railroad station that opened in 1925 in Chicago, replacing an earlier station built in 1881. It is the only remaining intercity rail terminal in Chicago, as well as being the primary terminal for commuter trains. The station stands on the west side of the Chicago River between West Adams Street and West Jackson Boulevard, just outside the Chicago Loop, including approach and storage tracks, it is about nine and a half city blocks in size. Its facilities are underground, buried beneath streets and skyscrapers. Chicago Union Station is the third-busiest rail terminal in the United States, after Grand Central Terminal and it is Amtraks overall fourth-busiest station. It handles approximately 120,000 passengers on a weekday and is one of Chicago’s most iconic structures, reflecting the city’s strong architectural heritage. In addition to standing out architecturally, Union Station has features that reflect its commitment to sustainability, in 2011, its lighting system was replaced with more energy-efficient light bulbs and motion sensors, reducing the station’s carbon footprint by 4 million tons annually.
Chicago Union Station was designated as one of America’s “Great Places” in 2012 by the American Planning Association. The “Great Places” program by APA highlights places streets and public spaces around America that exhibit “exemplary character and planning. ”These places are unique in their cultural and historical significance, sense of community, and vision. Other criteria include “architectural features, accessibility and community involvement. ”Chicago Union Station is considered a “Great Public Space” by APA and these spaces are safe and inviting, well-maintained, and attractive, both visually and in functionality. In addition, local culture and history are reflected within the space, Union Station is laid out with a double stub-end configuration, with 10 tracks coming into the station from the north and 14 from the south. Because passenger trains do not pass through Union Station, all passengers traveling through Chicago must change trains to reach their final destination. There are 2 through tracks to allow out-of-service equipment moves between the north and south side, including one with a platform to allow extra long trains to board, between the north and south sides of the station is a passenger concourse.
Passengers can walk through the concourse to get from any platform to any other without stairs or elevators, odd-numbered platforms are on the north half of the station, and even-numbered platforms on the south half. The north tracks are used by Amtrak for the Hiawatha Service and the Empire Builder, and by Metra for the Milwaukee District West, Milwaukee District North, the south tracks are used for all of the other Amtrak and Metra services. Two station management structures, one on side of the terminal, monitor train-to-track assignments. The concourse has a level between platform and street level, containing a food court featuring local vendors as well as national chains. Located west of Canal Street, Union Stations headhouse occupies a city block
The Capitol Corridor is a 168-mile passenger train route operated by Amtrak in California. Capitol Corridor trains operate between San Jose and Sacramento, roughly parallel to Interstate 880 and Interstate 80, one train a day continues through the eastern Sacramento suburbs to Auburn, in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada. Capitol Corridor trains started in 1991, the Capitol Corridor is named because it links the location of Californias first state capitol, San Jose, with the current location, Sacramento. The rail route travels near historical state capitol locations of Vallejo, at the start of the 1990s three Amtrak trains operated in the Bay Area, the long-distance California Zephyr and Coast Starlight, and the short-distance San Joaquin. Only the Coast Starlight ran once a day between San Jose and Sacramento, and at inconvenient times, the last local service between the two former capitals was the Southern Pacifics Senator which ran between Oakland and Sacramento until May 31,1962. In 1990 California voters passed two propositions providing $105 million to expand service along the route, the new service, named Capitols, debuted on December 12,1991 with three daily round-trips between San Jose and Sacramento.
Of these, a single round-trip continued to Roseville, an eastern Sacramento suburb, the service was renamed Capitol Corridor to avoid confusion with the Capitol Limited, which runs between Washington, D. C. and Chicago. In 1998 there was one round trip train that ran as far as Colfax, most eastbound Capitol Corridor trains terminate in Sacramento, with Amtrak Thruway bus connections to destinations farther east. Only one daily train runs as far as Auburn, new stations have been proposed along the route at Hercules, northern Fairfield/Vacaville and Dixon. The northern Fairfield–Vacaville station is being developed by the cities of Fairfield and Vacaville near the corner of Peabody Road, the station is being planned and paid for by BART and the city of Union City. Preliminary work had started to add second pair of tracks between Oakland and San Jose, which would enable most trains to run from Sacramento to San Jose, an expansion to Truckee and Reno, Nevada on the UP line over Donner Pass has been considered.
Revenue in FY2012 was $27,927,540, an 8. 6% increase over FY2011 and it is the fourth busiest Amtrak route by ridership, surpassed only by the Northeast Regional, Acela Express, and Pacific Surfliner. As of 2013 Sacramento is the busiest station on the route, the Capitol Corridor is used by commuters between the Sacramento area and the Bay Area as an alternative to driving on congested Interstate 80. Monthly passes and discounted tickets are available. Starting on August 28,2006 the Capitol Corridor had 16 weekday trains each way between Oakland and Sacramento, up from twelve in 2005 and three in 1992, according to its management, ridership on the Capitol Corridor trains tripled between 1998 and 2005. Starting August 13,2012 the Capitol Corridor dropped from 16 to 15 weekday trains each way between Oakland and Sacramento, as of February 2013 no weekday trains run the full length of the line between Auburn and San Jose. The single departure from Auburn runs to Oakland Coliseum, of the 14 westward departures from Sacramento seven run to San Jose, seven trains run San Jose to Sacramento, six downtown Oakland to Sacramento, one Coliseum to Sacramento and one Oakland to Auburn.
When the Capitol Corridor debuted in 1991, it used Amtrak F40PH locomotives, Dash 8 locomotives were used as they were brand new at the time
1989 Loma Prieta earthquake
The 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake occurred in Northern California on October 17 at 5,04 p. m. local time. With a moment magnitude of 6.9 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX, no surface faulting occurred, though a large number of other ground failures and landslides were present, especially in the Summit area of the Santa Cruz Mountains. Due to the coverage of the 1989 World Series, it became the first major earthquake in the United States that was broadcast live on national television. Andrew Lawson, a geologist from the University of California, had named the fault after the San Andreas Lake and led an investigation into that event. The San Andreas Fault ruptured for a length of 290 mi during the 1906 shock, several long term forecasts for a large shock along the San Andreas Fault in that area had been made public prior to 1989 but the earthquake that transpired was not what had been anticipated. The 1989 Loma Prieta event originated on an undiscovered oblique-slip reverse fault that is located adjacent to the San Andreas Fault, since many forecasts had been presented for the region near Loma Prieta, seismologists were not taken by surprise by the October 1989 event.
Two moderate shocks, referred to as the Lake Elsman earthquakes by the USGS, occurred in the Santa Cruz Mountains region in June 1988, each events aftershock sequence and effect on stress drop was closely examined, and their study indicated that the shocks affected the mainshocks rupture process. The June 27,1988, shock occurred with an intensity of VI. Its effects included broken windows in Los Gatos, and other damage in Holy City. Farther away from the Santa Cruz Mountains, pieces of concrete fell from a structure at the Sunnyvale Town Center. More moderate damage resulted from the August 8,1989, shock when chimneys were toppled in Cupertino, Los Gatos, other damage included cracked walls and foundations and broken underground pipes. At the office of the Los Gatos City Manager, a window that was cracked had broken in the earlier shock. Also in Los Gatos, one man died when he exited a building through a window, the Loma Prieta earthquake was named for Loma Prieta Peak in the Santa Cruz Mountains, which lies just to the east of the mainshock epicenter.
At sites with rocky terrain, the duration was shorter and the shaking was much less intense, the strong motion records allowed for the causative fault to be determined – the rupture was related to the San Andreas Fault System. While a Mercalli Intensity of VIII covered a large swath of territory relatively close to the further to the north. At more than 44 miles distant, the San Francisco Bay Area recorded peak horizontal accelerations that were as high as 0. 26g, in a general way, the location of aftershocks of the event delineated the extent of the faulting, which extended about 24 miles in length. Because the rupture took place bilaterally, the duration of strong shaking was about half of what it would have been had it ruptured in one direction only, the duration of a typical M6.9 shock with a comparable rupture length would have been about twice as long. Gregory Beroza, a seismologist with Stanford University, made several distinctions regarding the 1906 and 1989 events, near Loma Prieta, the 1906 rupture was more shallow, had more strike-slip, and occurred on a fault that was near vertical
Rent is a rock musical with music and book by Jonathan Larson, loosely based on Giacomo Puccinis opera La Bohème. The musical was first seen in a production at New York Theatre Workshop in 1993. This same Off-Broadway theatre was the initial home following its official 1996 opening. The shows creator, Jonathan Larson, died suddenly of a dissection, believed to have been caused by undiagnosed Marfan syndrome. The show won a Pulitzer Prize, and the production was a hit, the musical moved to Broadways larger Nederlander Theatre on April 29,1996. On Broadway, Rent gained critical acclaim and won a Tony Award for Best Musical among other awards, the Broadway production closed on September 7,2008 after a 12-year run of 5,123 performances. On February 14,2016, the musical Wicked surpassed Rents number of performances with a 2pm matinee, the production grossed over $280 million. The success of the led to several national tours and numerous foreign productions. In 2005, it was adapted into a picture featuring most of the original cast members.
In 1989, Jonathan Larson, a 29-year-old composer, began collaborating with Aronson on this project, and he came up with the shows ultimate title. In 1991, he asked Aronson if he could use Aronsons original concept, Larson had ambitious expectations for Rent, his ultimate dream was to write a rock opera to bring musical theater to the MTV generation. Aronson and Larson made an agreement that if the show went to Broadway, Aronson would share in the proceeds, Jonathan Larson focused on composing Rent in the early 1990s, waiting tables at the Moondance Diner to support himself. Over the course of years, Larson wrote hundreds of songs and made drastic changes to the show. In the fall of 1992, Larson approached James Nicola, artistic director of New York Theatre Workshop, with a tape, Larson continued to work on Rent, gradually reworking its flaws and staging more workshop productions. Larson would not live to see Rents success, he died from an aortic aneurysm in the early morning of January 25,1996.
The first preview of Rent was canceled and instead, the show premiered as planned and quickly gained popularity fueled by enthusiastic reviews and the recent death of its composer. It proved extremely successful during its run, selling out all its shows at the 150-seat New York Theater Workshop. Due to such overwhelming popularity and a need for a larger theater, Larsons inspiration for Rents content came from several different sources