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16th century BC

The 16th century BC is a century which lasted from 1600 BC to 1501 BC. 1700 BC – 1500 BC: Hurrian conquests. 1601 BC: Sharma-Adad II became the King of Assyria. C. 1600 BC: The creation of one of the oldest surviving astronomical documents, a copy of, found in the Babylonian library of Ashurbanipal: a 21-year record of the appearances of Venus: Venus tablet of Ammisaduqa. C. 1600 BC: The date of the earliest discovered rubber balls. C. 1600 BC: Early Mycenaean culture: weapons, Cyclopaean walls, chariots. C. 1600 BC: Unetice culture ends in Czech Republic, eastern Europe Development of the windmill in Persia. Unetice culture. 1595 BC: Sack of Babylon by the Hittite king Mursilis I. c. 1595 BC: The overthrow of the ruling Amorite dynasty in Aleppo, Syria. 1570 BC: Cretan palaces at Knossos and other centres flourish despite disasters. 1567 BC: Egypt: End of Fifteenth Dynasty, end of Sixteenth Dynasty, end of Seventeenth Dynasty, start of Eighteenth Dynasty. 1556 BC: Cecrops I builds or rebuilds Athens following the great flood of Deucalion and the end of the Golden age.

He becomes the first of several Kings of Athens whose life account is considered part of Greek mythology. 1556 BC: Shang Dynasty of China established *. C. 1550 BC: The city of Mycenae, located in the northeast Peloponnesus, comes to dominate the rest of Achaea, giving its name to Mycenaean civilization. 1550 BC: End of Seventeenth dynasty of Egypt, start of the Eighteenth Dynasty upon the coronation of Ahmose I. 1530 BC: End of the First Dynasty of Babylon and the start of the Kassite Dynasty—see History of Iraq. 1525 BC: End of Fifteenth dynasty of Egypt. C. 1512 BC: The flood of Deucalion, according to O'Flaherty, Augustine and Isidore. 1506 BC: Cecrops I, legendary King of Athens, dies after a reign of 50 years. Having survived his own son, he is succeeded by Cranaus. 1504 BC: Egypt started to conquer Nubia and the Levant. C. 1500 BC: Many scholars date early parts of the Rig Veda to the 16th century. C. 1500 BC: Queen Hatsheput in Egypt. C. 1500 BC: The element Mercury has been discovered in Egyptian tombs dating from this decade.

C. 1500 BC: Settlers from Crete, Greece move to Miletus, Turkey. C. 1500 BC: Early traces of Maya civilization developing in Belize. C. 1500 BC: The Phoenicians develop an alphabet—see Timeline of communication technology. C. 1500 BC: Indo-Aryan migration is dated to the 17th to 16th centuries. Although many human societies were literate in this period, some individual persons mentioned in this article ought to be considered legendary rather than historical. Tang of Shang, first ruler of Shang Dynasty, ruled China for 29 years since 1600 BC according to the Xia–Shang–Zhou Chronology Project. Kamose, last Pharaoh of the 17th Dynasty of Egypt. Ahmose I, Pharaoh and founder of the 18th Dynasty of Egypt. Hatshepsut, second female Pharaoh of Egypt c.1473 BC See: List of sovereign states in the 16th century BC

Golden-breasted bunting

The golden-breasted bunting is a passerine bird in the bunting family Emberizidae. It occurs in dry open woodlands and moist savanna in Africa south of the Sahara, but is absent from the equatorial forest belt. There are three subspecies: E. f. flaviventris, the nominate form, occurs from in the rest of the range from the Cape to southernmost Sudan. E. f. flavigaster occurs in a narrow belt across the southern edge of the Sahara, its range is discontinuous with the other subspecies. E. f. princeps occurs in southern Namibia. The golden-breasted bunting is 15–16 cm long; the adult male has striking head pattern with a white crown, black lateral crown stripes, white supercilium and black-bordered white ear coverts. The underparts are orange-yellow becoming whitish on the lower belly; the upperparts are chestnut with a grey rump. The browner wings have two conspicuous white wing bars; the sexes are similar, but females may have a buff tone to the white head markings and browner head stripes, the back may have dark streaks.

Young birds are paler than the females. E. f. princeps is similar to the nominate form, but larger, paler below. E. f. flavigaster is more distinctive, having a paler, redder back, pale grey rump, paler yellow underparts and whiter flanks. The golden-breasted bunting's call is a nasal ascending zzhrr; the song includes a weechee weechee weechee. This species is found in a variety of open woodlands; the subspecies flavigaster favours acacia steppe and savannah, with the other subspecies occurring in a wider range of wooded country including gardens. The golden-breasted bunting builds an untidy cup nest lined with fine grass or hair low in a shrub or sapling; the two or three eggs marked with black lines. The eggs hatch in 12 -- the chicks fledge in another 16 -- 17 days; the golden-breasted bunting is not gregarious, is seen alone, in pairs or small groups. It feeds on the ground on seeds and spiders, animal prey being taken when the birds have young; this species is resident, but there appears to be degree of local movement.

It is quite tame. Byers and Curson, Buntings and Sparrows ISBN 1-873403-19-4 Ian Sinclair, Phil Hockey and Warwick Tarboton, SASOL Birds of Southern Africa ISBN 1-86872-721-1 Golden-breasted bunting - Species text in The Atlas of Southern African Birds

Hypopyra vespertilio

Hypopyra vespertilio is a moth of the family Erebidae first described by Johan Christian Fabricius in 1787. It is found in China, Honshu in Japan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Cambodia, Taiwan, the Philippines, Java and Sulawesi; the wingspan is 74 -- 90 mm in 72 -- 104 mm in female. Male has minutely fasciculate antennae. Male with an erectile tuft of long hair from femur-tibial joint of forelegs. Tibia and hind tarsi not fringed with long hair, nor the hindwings clothed with long woolly hair on ventral side; the wings are grey. The forewings have the stigma reduced to spots or to two spots on discocellulars; the antemedial line is excurved below the costa oblique to the inner margin. There is a double postmedial line, angled below the costa; the postmedial line is crenulate. The hindwings are fuscous brown with antemedial oblique lines; the medial and submarginal lines are crenulate and the inner margin is crimson. The darkest form is vespertilio; the adult has been recorded as fruit-piercer. The larvae feed on Albizia, Acacia and Camellia species.

They are pale grey