16th century in Wales
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Princes of Wales
Princesses of Wales
- Catherine of Aragon (to 2 April 1502)
- 2 October - Catherine of Aragon arrives at Plymouth, England, in readiness for her marriage to the Prince of Wales.
- 14 November - Arthur, Prince of Wales, marries Catherine of Aragon at St Paul's Cathedral; Catherine thus becomes Princess of Wales.
- 21 December - The Prince and Princess of Wales leave London for their seat at Ludlow Castle. Sir Richard Pole is among the retinue that accompanies the couple.
- March - The Prince and Princess of Wales are both afflicted by an unknown illness, "a malign vapour which proceeded from the air". It would prove fatal for the prince.
- 4 April - News reaches King Henry VII of England of the death of the Prince of Wales; he is grief-stricken.
- 23 April - Three weeks after his sudden death, the body of Arthur, Prince of Wales, is removed from Ludlow Castle and taken to the Parish Church of Ludlow.
- 25 April - The Prince of Wales is buried at the Abbey of St Wulfstan in Worcester. His widow, Catherine, now Dowager Princess of Wales, is too ill to attend her husband's funeral, suffering from the same mystery illness that is thought to have killed him.
- William Smyth, Bishop of Lincoln, becomes President of the Council of Wales and the Marches.
- King Henry VII of England is believed to have visited Troy House, near Monmouth, the home of Blanche Herbert and her second husband, Sir William Herbert, an illegitimate son of William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke.
- 25 June - Catherine of Aragon, Dowager Princess of Wales, is formally betrothed to her brother-in-law, Prince Henry. Catherine comes out of mourning.
- 18 February - Henry, Duke of York is invested as Prince of Wales.
- 30 August - John Penny is appointed Bishop of Bangor.
- 11 May - Robert Sherborne is consecrated Bishop of St David's.
- Sir William Herbert of Troy (illegitimate son of the late Earl of Pembroke) gives an undertaking to keep the peace with his half-brother, Sir Walter Herbert of Raglan (who was brother-in-law of Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham), and with Henry Myles, his brother-in-law (the father of Blanche Parry).
- April - The betrothal to Prince Henry to the Dowager Princess of Wales (1503) is declared invalid (Henry's age at the time is used as a pretext).
- Construction begins on tower of St Giles' Church, Wrexham.
- Restrictions in the borough of Caernarfon are eased: the Welsh are allowed to live inside the town walls.
- 18 September - Robert Sherborne, Bishop of St David's, is translated to the see of Chichester. St David's remains without a bishop until the following year.
- 22 September - John Penny, Bishop of Bangor, is translated to the see of Carlisle; Bangor remains without a bishop until the following year.
- The lordship of Dyffryn Clwyd is sold to King Henry VII of England by the incumbent Richard Grey, 3rd Earl of Kent.
- Chepstow Castle becomes the property of Charles Somerset, 1st Earl of Worcester.
- Construction of Hendre'r Ywydd Uchaf farmhouse, now an exhibit at St Fagans National History Museum.
- 21 April - Following his father's death, the Prince of Wales becomes King Henry VIII of England.
- 17 June - Thomas Skevington is consecrated Bishop of Bangor.
- 22 July - Edward Vaughan is consecrated Bishop of St David's.
- Elis Gruffydd joins the English army.
- Bishop Godfrey Blyth replaces Bishop William Smyth as President of the Council of Wales and the Marches.
- Sir Thomas Phillips is appointed High Sheriff of Carmarthenshire.
- Sir William Herbert of Troy Parva is knighted; his wife, Blanche Herbert, is thereafter called Lady Troy.
- Lady Catherine Gordon marries her third husband, Matthew Craddock, and obtains permission to live with him in Wales when not at court.
- Summer - Princess Mary, heir to the throne, is sent to Ludlow Castle to preside over the Council of Wales and the Marches. Her retinue includes Susan Clarencieux.
- May - The notoriously anti-Welsh Rowland Lee, newly appointed Bishop of Lichfield, is appointed President of the Council of Wales and the Marches by Thomas Cromwell.
- 22 July - Henry Somerset is appointed chief justice in eyre of Newport, Wentllwg and Machen.
- An Acte for Lawes & Justice to be ministred in Wales in like fourme as it is in this Realme (27 Henry VIII c. 26) "unites" Wales with England and gives Wales parliamentary representation.
- Dissolution of the Monasteries - Abergavenny Priory, Basingwerk Abbey, Caldey Island Priory, Chepstow Priory, Cymer Abbey, Ewenny Priory, Grace Dieu Abbey, Haverfordwest Priory, Kidwelly Priory, Llanllugan Abbey, Llanllyr Priory, Margam Abbey, Monmouth Priory, Pill Priory, St Dogmaels Abbey, Strata Marcella Abbey, Talley Abbey and Usk Priory are suppressed
- Dissolution of the Monasteries - Bangor Friary, Beddgelert Priory, Brecon Friary and Brecon Cathedral Priory, Cardiff Blackfriars and Greyfriars, Cardigan Priory, Carmarthen Friary, Denbigh Friary, Haverfordwest Priory, Llanfaes Friary, Llanthony Priory, Maenan Abbey, Newport Friary, Penrhys Grange and Rhuddlan Friary are suppressed.
- Dissolution of the Monasteries - Kidwelly Priory, Malpas Priory, Neath Abbey, Strata Florida Abbey, Tintern Abbey and Whitland Abbey are suppressed.
- A Carmarthenshire land dispute becomes the last recorded case to be heard under Welsh law, four years after the 1536 Act stipulated that only English law was to be used in Wales.
- Foundation of Christ College, Brecon.
- An Acte for certaine Ordinaunces in the Kinges Majesties Domynion and Principalitie of Wales (34 and 35 Henry VIII c. 26) extends the effects of the 1536 Act of Union.
- The first printed book in Welsh, the clergy manual Yny lhyvyr hwnn, is published in London; it is written anonymously by Sir John Prise of Brecon.
- Nicholas Heath is made President of the Council of Wales and the Marches by Queen Mary I of England.
- 8 July - The will of Geoffrey Glyn leaves a bequest leading to the foundation of Friars School, Bangor.
- November - Thomas Parry, faithful servant of Princess Elizabeth, is made Comptroller of the Household on her accession to the throne, as well as receiving a knighthood.
- 5 January - Sir Thomas Parry is elected MP for Hertfordshire.
- George Constantine is made Archdeacon of Brecon.
- New Usk Bridge (Brecon) built.
- Blanche Parry is appointed Keeper of the Queen's Books and Jewels.
- John Beddoes School is founded at Presteigne.
- First brass wire drawing works in the British Isles established at Tintern.
- Twelve-year-old Philip Sidney is presented by his father, Sir Henry Sidney, to the lay rectory of Whitford, Flintshire, then worth £60 a year.
- 26 May - A "congress of bards and musicians" takes place at Caerwys, on the orders of a commission appointed by Queen Elizabeth I of England.
- John Caius, in his book De Canibus Britannicis, describes Welsh Springer Spaniels as "Spaniels whose skynnes are white and if marked with any spottes they are commonly red".
- First publication of Humphrey Llwyd's Cambriae Typus in the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum (Antwerp); the earliest map of Wales.
- The route for the weekly post to Ireland established by Queen Elizabeth I is switched from Liverpool to Holyhead.
- 23 September - Robert Sidney marries heiress Barbara Gamage, at St Donat's Castle, the home of her guardian Sir Edward Stradling.
- Copper-working begins at Aberdulais Falls.
- 14 April - A clandestine Roman Catholic printing press is discovered in a cave on the Little Orme on the north coast where it has been used by the recusant Robert Pugh (squire of Penrhyn Hall) and his chaplain Father William Davies to print Y Drych Cristianogawl ("The Christian Mirror"), the first book to be printed in Wales.
- February - A riot breaks out in Cardiff as the result of the activities of Sir William Herbert (a relative of the Earl of Pembroke) and his henchmen.
- Sir William and Nicholas Herbert are convicted by the Court of Star Chamber, gaoled in the Fleet Prison, and fined 1000 marks for their part in the previous year's affair.
- 10 November - Richard Vaughan is enthroned as Bishop of Chester.
- date unknown
Arts and literature
- Rhys Nanmor - Elegy on the death of Arthur, Prince of Wales
- Robert Recorde - The Grounde of Artes
- Andrew Boorde - Fyrst Boke of the Introduction of Knowledge
- Sir John Price - Yn y Llyvyr Hwn (first Welsh language book to be printed)
- William Salesbury - A dictionary in Englyshe and Welshe, moche necessary to all suche Welshemen as wil spedly learne the Englyshe tongue
- William Salesbury
- The baterie of the Popes Botereulx, commonlye called the high Altare
- Ban wedy i dynny air yngair alla o ben gyfreith Howel da... A certaine case extracte out of the Auncient Law of Hoel da... whereby it may be gathered that priestes had lawfully maried wyues at that tyme
- A briefe and a playne introduction, teachyng how to pronounce the letters in the British tong (now commenly called Walsh)...
- Robert Recorde - The Castle of Knowledge, containing the Explication of the Sphere both Celestiall and Materiall, etc.
- Gruffydd Robert - Dosparth Byrr ar y rhan gyntaf i ramadeg cymraeg
- William Salesbury - A briefe and a playne introduction, 2nd edn
- William Salesbury - translations into Welsh
- Sir John Prys - Historiae Britannicae Defensio (published posthumously)
- "G.R. of Milan" (Gruffydd Robert or perhaps Robert Gwyn (c.1540/50-1592/1604)) - Y Drych Cristianogawl (first part; the first book printed in Wales, on the clandestine Catholic press on the Little Orme, with a false imprint of "Rouen, 1585")
- Morris Kyffin - The Blessedness of Britayne
- John Penry - Exhortation to the governours and people of Wales...
- Morris Kyffin - Deffyniad Ffydd Eglwys Lloegr
- Robert Holland - Dau Gymro yn Taring yn bell o'u Gwlad
- date unknown - William Glyn, bishop (died 1558)
- date unknown - Rowland Meyrick, bishop (died 1566)
- 1 January - Henry, Duke of Cornwall, son of King Henry VIII of England and Catherine of Aragon and prospective Prince of Wales (died 23 February of the same year)
- approximate date - Thomas Davies, Bishop of St Asaph (died 1573)
- approximate date - Robert Recorde, mathematician (died 1558)
- approximate date - Thomas Parry, Comptroller of the Household of Queen Elizabeth I of England (died 1560)
- 6 November - Gabriel Goodman, founder of Ruthin School (died 1601)
- 7–11 November - John Perrot, Lord Deputy of Ireland (died 1592)
- date unknown - Henry Herbert, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, statesman (died 1601)
- date unknown - Thomas Morgan (of Llantarnam), conspirator (died 1606)
- Richard Trevor, politician (died 1638)
- date unknown - Hugh Myddelton, goldsmith and hydraulic engineer (died 1631)
- 9 December - Augustine Baker, Benedictine mystic (died 1641)
- date unknown - William Vaughan, writer and colonial investor (died 1641)
- date unknown - Sir Owen Wynn, 3rd Baronet (died 1660)
- date unknown
- date unknown - Sir Thomas Salusbury, Tudor supporter
- 21 April - King Henry VII, Pembroke-born King of England, 52
- 29 June - Lady Margaret Beaufort, widow of Edmund Tudor and mother of King Henry VII, 66
- date unknown - Rhys Fawr ap Maredudd, Welsh nobleman and Tudor adherent
- approximate date - Rhys Nanmor, poet
- date unknown - Gruffydd ap Rhys ap Thomas, nobleman
- date unknown - Griffith Ryce, servant of Arthur Tudor
- Spring - Sir Rhys ap Thomas, Tudor supporter, 75?
- March (probable) - Rawlins White, fisherman, 70? (executed by burning at Cardiff)
- 30 March - Robert Ferrar, former Bishop of St David's (executed by burning at Carmarthen)
- 15 October - Sir John Prys, notary public to King Henry VIII, 53?
- 15 November - Robert Holgate, former Bishop of Llandaff
- 9 April - William Nichol, Protestant martyr
- 21 May - William Glyn, bishop
- date unknown - Robert Recorde, mathematician
- 12 August - Thomas Phaer, paediatrician and politician (b. c.1510)
- 15 December - Sir Thomas Parry (b. c.1515)
- date unknown - Gruffudd Hiraethog, poet
- August - Hugh Price, lawyer
- 27 April - David Lewis, lawyer, founder of Jesus College, Oxford
- 15 October - Richard Gwyn, Catholic martyr, 47
- probable - William Salesbury, translator of the New Testament into Welsh
- 5 May - Henry Sidney, President of the Council of Wales, 56
- 20 September - Thomas Salisbury, conspirator (executed), 22?
- date unknown - Griffith Lloyd, Principal of Jesus College, Oxford
- 27 August - Katheryn of Berain, much-married heiress, 57?
- 15 October - William Blethyn, Bishop of Llandaff
- October - Richard Herbert, politician and judge
- 2 January - Morris Kyffin, soldier and author
- 12 July - John Jones, Catholic martyr
- 4 August - William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley, politician of Welsh descent
- Horrox, Rosemary (2004). "Arthur, prince of Wales (1486–1502)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/705. Retrieved 7 October 2013. (subscription required)
- Weir, Alison (2007). The Six Wives of Henry VIII. New York: Grove Press. p. 37. ISBN 0-8021-3683-4.
- Scarisbrick, J. J. (1997). Henry VIII (2 ed.). Yale University Press. p. 8. ISBN 0-300-07158-2.
- World Heritage Site Management Plan: Part 1, Cadw, p. 18; World Heritage Site Management Plan: Part 2, Cadw, pp. 53–4.
- Lee, Sidney, ed. (1899). "Warbeck, Perkin". Dictionary of National Biography. 59. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Charles-Edwards The Welsh laws p.93
- Schubert, H. R. (1957). History of the British Iron and Steel Industry. London: Routledge.
- Welsh Biography Online. Accessed 17 June 2015
- Smith, A.C. (6 October 2008). Gun Dogs - Their Training, Working and Management. Brewster Press. pp. 111–112. ISBN 978-1-4437-1920-9. Retrieved 2010-02-25.
- "Y Drych Cristianogawl". Aberystwyth: National Library of Wales. 2007-06-18. Retrieved 2013-03-20.
- "Angleton Blast Furnace". Grace's Guide to British Industrial History. Retrieved 4 May 2018.
- "Star Chamber Proceedings: 1538-97". British History Online. 1898. Retrieved 2012-02-13.
- DNB entry
- "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-19.