16th century in Wales

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15th century | 17th century | Other years in Wales
Other events of the century

This article is about the particular significance of the century 1501 - 1600 to Wales and its people.

Princes of Wales[edit]

  • Arthur (to 2 April 1502)
  • Henry (later Henry VIII) (1504-1509)

Princesses of Wales[edit]

Events[edit]

1501

1502

1503

1504

1505

  • 11 May - Robert Sherborne is consecrated Bishop of St David's.
  • Sir William Herbert of Troy (illegitimate son of the late Earl of Pembroke) gives an undertaking to keep the peace with his half-brother, Sir Walter Herbert of Raglan (who was brother-in-law of Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham), and with Henry Myles, his brother-in-law (the father of Blanche Parry).

1506

  • April - The betrothal to Prince Henry to the Dowager Princess of Wales (1503) is declared invalid (Henry's age at the time is used as a pretext).
  • Construction begins on tower of St Giles' Church, Wrexham.

1507

1508

1509

1510

1512

1516

  • Sir Thomas Phillips is appointed High Sheriff of Carmarthenshire.
  • Sir William Herbert of Troy Parva is knighted; his wife, Blanche Herbert, is thereafter called Lady Troy.

1517

  • Lady Catherine Gordon marries her third husband, Matthew Craddock, and obtains permission to live with him in Wales when not at court.[5]

1519

1524

1525

1531

1534

1536

1537

1538

1539

1540

  • A Carmarthenshire land dispute becomes the last recorded case to be heard under Welsh law, four years after the 1536 Act stipulated that only English law was to be used in Wales.[6]

1541

1542

1546

1550

1551

1553

1557

1558

  • November - Thomas Parry, faithful servant of Princess Elizabeth, is made Comptroller of the Household on her accession to the throne, as well as receiving a knighthood.

1559

1563

1565

1566

1568

1570

1571

1573

1574

1576

1577

1578

1584

1587

  • 14 April - A clandestine Roman Catholic printing press is discovered in a cave on the Little Orme on the north coast where it has been used by the recusant Robert Pugh (squire of Penrhyn Hall) and his chaplain Father William Davies to print Y Drych Cristianogawl ("The Christian Mirror"), the first book to be printed in Wales.[10]

1588

1589

1595

  • February - A riot breaks out in Cardiff as the result of the activities of Sir William Herbert (a relative of the Earl of Pembroke) and his henchmen.

1596

  • Sir William and Nicholas Herbert are convicted by the Court of Star Chamber,[12] gaoled in the Fleet Prison, and fined 1000 marks for their part in the previous year's affair.

1597

Arts and literature[edit]

Books[edit]

1502

  • Rhys Nanmor - Elegy on the death of Arthur, Prince of Wales

1540

1542

1546

  • Sir John Price - Yn y Llyvyr Hwn (first Welsh language book to be printed)

1547

  • William Salesbury - A dictionary in Englyshe and Welshe, moche necessary to all suche Welshemen as wil spedly learne the Englyshe tongue

1550

  • William Salesbury
    • The baterie of the Popes Botereulx, commonlye called the high Altare
    • Ban wedy i dynny air yngair alla o ben gyfreith Howel da... A certaine case extracte out of the Auncient Law of Hoel da... whereby it may be gathered that priestes had lawfully maried wyues at that tyme
    • A briefe and a playne introduction, teachyng how to pronounce the letters in the British tong (now commenly called Walsh)...

1556

  • Robert Recorde - The Castle of Knowledge, containing the Explication of the Sphere both Celestiall and Materiall, etc.

1559

1564

1567

1568

1573

  • Sir John Prys - Historiae Britannicae Defensio (published posthumously)

1584

c.1586-7

  • "G.R. of Milan" (Gruffydd Robert or perhaps Robert Gwyn (c.1540/50-1592/1604)) - Y Drych Cristianogawl (first part; the first book printed in Wales, on the clandestine Catholic press on the Little Orme, with a false imprint of "Rouen, 1585")[10]

1587

1589

  • John Penry - Exhortation to the governours and people of Wales...

1594

1595

1600

Births[edit]

1504

1505

1511

1512

1515

1527

1528

1534

1546

1558

1560

  • date unknown - Hugh Myddelton, goldsmith and hydraulic engineer (died 1631)

1575

1582

1587

1592

Deaths[edit]

1500

1502

1503

  • date unknown
    • Richard Amerike, English merchant, royal customs officer and sheriff, of Welsh descent
    • Sir John Donne, courtier, diplomat and soldier, commissioner of the Donne Triptych

1505

  • date unknown - Sir Thomas Salusbury, Tudor supporter

1509

1510

1512

1513

1514

1521

1523

1525

1526

1543

1549

1554

1555

1558

1559

1560

1564

1570

1574

1581

1584

1585

1586

1589

1590

1591

1592

1593

1595

1596

1597

1598

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Horrox, Rosemary (2004). "Arthur, prince of Wales (1486–1502)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/705. Retrieved 7 October 2013.  (subscription required)
  2. ^ Weir, Alison (2007). The Six Wives of Henry VIII. New York: Grove Press. p. 37. ISBN 0-8021-3683-4. 
  3. ^ Scarisbrick, J. J. (1997). Henry VIII (2 ed.). Yale University Press. p. 8. ISBN 0-300-07158-2. 
  4. ^ World Heritage Site Management Plan: Part 1, Cadw, p. 18; World Heritage Site Management Plan: Part 2, Cadw, pp. 53–4.
  5. ^  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1899). "Warbeck, Perkin". Dictionary of National Biography. 59. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  6. ^ Charles-Edwards The Welsh laws p.93
  7. ^ Schubert, H. R. (1957). History of the British Iron and Steel Industry. London: Routledge. 
  8. ^ Welsh Biography Online. Accessed 17 June 2015
  9. ^ Smith, A.C. (6 October 2008). Gun Dogs - Their Training, Working and Management. Brewster Press. pp. 111–112. ISBN 978-1-4437-1920-9. Retrieved 2010-02-25. 
  10. ^ a b c "Y Drych Cristianogawl". Aberystwyth: National Library of Wales. 2007-06-18. Retrieved 2013-03-20. 
  11. ^ "Angleton Blast Furnace". Grace's Guide to British Industrial History. Retrieved 4 May 2018. 
  12. ^ "Star Chamber Proceedings: 1538-97". British History Online. 1898. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  13. ^ DNB entry
  14. ^ "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-19.