1702 in science
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- April 20 – Comet of 1702 (C/1702 H1): The 10th-closest comet approach in history, it missed Earth by a distance of 0.0437 AU (6,537,000 km).
- David Gregory publishes the first textbook, Astronomiae physicae et geometricae elementa, the first astronomy textbook based on Isaac Newton's principles of motions and theory of gravitation.
- A fountain pen was developed by Frenchman M. Bion. (Nicolas Bion (1652–1733) described a fountain pen in a treatise published in 1709; he did not claim to have invented them nor is there any evidence that he made them.)
- Pierre Varignon applies calculus to spring-driven clocks.
- November 5 – Edward Stone, English polymath (died 1768)
- April – Clopton Havers, English physician who did pioneering research on the microstructure of bone (born 1657)
- December 12 – Olof Rudbeck, Swedish physiologist who discovered that the thoracic duct is connected to the intestinal lymphatics (born 1630)
- "Historic Comet Close Approaches". NASA. Archived from the original on 9 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-06.
- Bunch, Bryan H.; Alexander Hellemans (2004). The history of science and technology: a browser's guide to the great discoveries, inventions, and the people who made them, from the dawn of time to today. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. pp. 776 pages. ISBN 978-0-618-22123-3. Retrieved 30 July 2010.
- "Archives Hub: Papers of David Gregory (1661–1708)". Archives Hub. Retrieved 2008-01-06.[permanent dead link]
- Narayanan, Vivek (2005-05-18). "Patent and Trademark History in the Fountain Pen Industry" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2004-02-28. Retrieved 2008-01-06.
- "Who invented the fountain pen?". vintagepens.com. Retrieved 2013-07-31.
- Mann, Ralph (2004). "Stone, Edward (1702–1768)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2011-02-17. (subscription or UK public library membership required)