1705 in poetry
- George Hickes' Linguarum veterum septentrionalium thesaurus grammatico-criticus et archæologicus vol. 2 (published in Oxford) includes the first published reference to Beowulf and the only surviving transcript of the Finnesburg Fragment.
- William Somervile inherits his father's estate, where his participation in field sports will furnish the material for much of his poetry.
- William Walsh begins his correspondence with Alexander Pope.
- Daniel Defoe:
- John Dennis, The Grounds of Criticism in Poetry*
- Bernard Mandeville, The Grumbling Hive: or Knaves Turned Honest, anonymously published poem (and a piracy) which became immediately popular. In 1714, Mandeville would republish the poem, together with an essay titled An Enquiry into the Origin of Moral Virtue and titled the whole The Fable of the Bees: or Private Vices, Public Benefits. In 1723, he added an attack on charity schools and an essay attacking Shaftesbury. The final version, with a further expansion, was published in 1733.
- John Philips:
- Matthew Prior, An English Padlock, published anonymously
- Quan Tangshi, Chinese anthology
- Edward Ward, Hudibras Redivivus; or, A Burlesque Poem on the Times, published anonymously, in two volumes of 12 parts each; first volume published August 1705 to July 1706; second volume published August 1706 to June 1707
- Isaac Watts, Horae Lyricae, published this year, although book states "1706"
- John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester, Poems on Several Occasions; with Valentinian; a Tragedy, London: Printed for Jacob Tonson, posthumously published
Death years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- January 21 – Isaac Hawkins Browne (died 1760), English poet
- March 20 – Johann Sigismund Scholze (died 1750), German poet
- May – Ambrosius Stub (died 1758), Danish poet
- year uncertain
Birth years link to the corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- January 10 – Étienne Pavillon (born 1632), French lawyer and poet
- June 10 – Michael Wigglesworth (born 1631), English clergyman and poet in America, "the most popular of early New England poets"
- List of years in poetry
- List of years in literature
- 18th century in poetry
- 18th century in literature
- Cox, Michael, editor, The Concise Oxford Chronology of English Literature, Oxford University Press, 2004, ISBN 0-19-860634-6
-  "A Timeline of English Poetry" Web page of the Representative Poetry Online Web site, University of Toronto
- Web page titled "John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester (1647 - 1680)" at the Poetry Foundation website, retrieved April 11, 2009. Archived 2009-05-02 at WebCite 2009-05-02.
- Trent, William P. and Wells, Benjamin W., Colonial Prose and Poetry: The Beginnings of Americanism 1650-1710, New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co., 1903 edition, page 41