# 1706 in science

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The year **1706 in science** and technology involved some significant events.

## Mathematics[edit]

- William Jones publishes
*Synopsis palmariorum matheseos or, A New Introduction to the Mathematics, Containing the Principles of Arithmetic and Geometry Demonstrated in a Short and Easie Method ... Designed for ... Beginners*in which he- proposes using the symbol π (the Greek letter
*pi*, as an abbreviation for*perimeter*) to represent the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter. - introduces John Machin's quickly converging inverse-tangent series for π (pi), enabling it to be computed to 100 decimal places.
^{[1]}

- proposes using the symbol π (the Greek letter

## Technology[edit]

- Francis Hauksbee produces his 'Influence machine' to generate static electricity.
^{[2]}

## Publications[edit]

- Johann Jakob Scheuchzer begins publication in Zürich of his
*Beschreibung der Naturgeschichten des Schweitzerlands*giving an account of the natural history and geology of Switzerland.^{[3]} - Giovanni Battista Morgagni publishes
*Adversaria anatomica*,^{[4]}the first in a series in which he describes his observations of human anatomy.

## Births[edit]

- January 17 – Benjamin Franklin, American scientist and inventor, known for his experiments with electricity (died 1790)
- January 28 – John Baskerville, English printer and inventor (died 1775)
- February 11 – Nils Rosén von Rosenstein, Swedish pediatrician (died 1773)
- May 12 – François Boissier de Sauvages de Lacroix, French physician and botanist (died 1767)
- June 10 – John Dollond, English optician (died 1761)
- December 17 – Émilie du Châtelet, French mathematician and physicist (died 1749)
- Date unknown – Giuseppe Asclepi, Italian astronomer and physicist (died 1776)

## Deaths[edit]

- June 15 – Giorgio Baglivi, Italian physician (born 1668)
- August 6 – Jean-Baptiste Du Hamel, French scientist, philosophe (born 1624)
- Date unknown – Jean Le Fèvre, French astronomer (born 1652)
- Date unknown – Jeanne Dumée, French astronomer (born 1660)

## References[edit]

**^**O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "1706 in science",*MacTutor History of Mathematics archive*, University of St Andrews.**^**Burke, James (1978).*Connections*. London: Macmillan. p. 75. ISBN 0-333-24827-9.**^**Volume 1.**^**Online edition: 1762