# 1713 in science

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The year **1713 in science** and technology involved some significant events.

## Astronomy[edit]

- John Rowley of London produces an orrery to a commission by Charles Boyle, 4th Earl of Orrery.
^{[1]}

## Mathematics[edit]

- September 9 – Nicolas Bernoulli first describes the St. Petersburg paradox in a letter to Pierre Raymond de Montmort.
- November 13 – James Waldegrave provides the first known minimax mixed strategy solution to a two-person game, in a letter to de Montmort.
^{[2]} - Jacob Bernoulli's best known work,
*Ars Conjectandi*(*The Art of Conjecture*), is published posthumously by his nephew. It contains a mathematical proof of the law of large numbers, the Bernoulli numbers, and other important research in probability theory and enumeration.

## Medicine[edit]

- William Cheselden publishes
*Anatomy of the Human Body*and it becomes a popular work on anatomy, at least in part due to it being written in English rather than Latin.

## Physics[edit]

- The second edition of Isaac Newton's
*Principia Mathematica*is published with an introduction by Roger Cotes and an essay by Newton titled*General Scholium*where he famously states "Hypotheses non fingo" ("I feign no hypotheses").

## Technology[edit]

- (c. 1713) Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit switches from using alcohol to mercury as the thermometric fluid in his thermometers, creating the first mercury-in-glass thermometer.
- Andrew Robinson builds the first ship called a schooner in Gloucester, Massachusetts.

## Births[edit]

- March 15 – Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, French astronomer (baptized December 28; died 1762)
- May 3 – Alexis Claude Clairaut, French mathematician (died 1765)
- May 25 – John Stuart, Lord Mount Stuart, Scottish politician and botanist (died 1792)
- September 10 – John Needham, English biologist (died 1781)
- Jean Paul de Gua de Malves, French mathematician (died 1785)

## Deaths[edit]

- April 29 (
*bur.*) – Francis Hauksbee, English scientific instrument maker and experimentalist (born 1660) - October 20 – Archibald Pitcairne, Scottish physician (born 1652)

## References[edit]

**^**"Orrery".*Oxford English Dictionary*(3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)**^**Walker, Paul (October 2005). "A Chronology of Game Theory".*History of Game Theory*. Retrieved 2012-05-12.