1728 in music
The year 1728 in music involved some significant events.
- 26 March – Johann Sebastian Bach revives his St John Passion (BWV 245, BC D 2c) with some textual and instrumentational changes.
- Giuseppe Tartini opens a school for violinists in Padua.
- Johann Georg Pisendel begins studying composition under Johann David Heinichen.
- Domenico Scarlatti returns to Rome, where he meets his first wife.
- Johann Joachim Quantz visits Berlin and performs in the presence of the Crown Prince of Prussia, who insists on taking lessons from him.
- Deafness forces Johann Mattheson to retire from his post as musical director of Hamburg Cathedral.
- In music theory, the circle of fifths is described by Johann David Heinichen, in his 1728 treatise Der Generalbass in der Composition; the first such description in Western European literature
- Vincent Lübeck – Clavier Übung for harpsichord
- Jean-Philippe Rameau – Nouvelles Suites de Pieces de Clavecin
- Georg Philipp Telemann – Intrada, nebst burlesquer Suite (nicknamed "Gulliver Suite") for two violins unaccompanied
- Bartolomeo Cordans – Ormisda
- George Frideric Handel – Tolomeo, re di Egitto
- Leonardo Leo – La pastorella commattuta
- Leonardo Vinci – Didone Abandonnata
- January 16 – Niccolò Piccinni, composer of over 100 operas (died 1800)
- January 17 – Johann Gottfried Müthel, keyboard virtuoso and composer (died 1788)
- September 21 – Louis Emmanuel Eadin, composer
- December 9 – Pietro Alessandro Guglielmi, composer (died 1804)
- December 21 – Hermann Raupach, composer (died 1778)
- December 25 – Johann Adam Hiller, composer (died 1804)
- February 12 – Agostino Steffani, composer and diplomat (born 1653)
- August 15 – Marin Marais, composer and bass-viol player (born 1656)
- October 8 – Anne Danican Philidor, composer and founder of the Concert Spirituel (born 1681)
- November 19 – Leopold, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen, employer of Johann Sebastian Bach (born 1694) (smallpox)
- probable – Gaetano Greco, composer (born c. 1657)