1731 in music
This is a list of notable events in music that took place in the year 1731.
- The Academy of Vocal Music changes its name to the Academy of Ancient Music.
- Jean-Philippe Rameau meets his patron, La Pouplinière.
- Antonio Stradivari makes a viola that will be owned a hundred years later by Niccolò Paganini.
- Antonio Vivaldi returns to Venice.
- March 23 Johann Sebastian Bach premieres his St Mark Passion BWV 247 (BC D 4) at St. Thomas Church, Leipzig.
- Tommaso Albinoni – Fano
- Francesco Corradini – Con amor non hay libertad
- Francesco Corselli – Venere placata
- Carl Heinrich Graun – Iphigenia in Aulis
- George Frideric Handel – Poro re dell'Indie, revival of Tamerlano
- Johann Adolf Hasse – Cleofide
- Giovanni Battista Pergolesi – La concersione e morte di San Guglielmo
- September 7 – Elisabetta de Gambarini, composer (died 1765)
- December 8 – František Xaver Dušek, harpsichordist, pianist and composer (died 1799)
- December 28 – Christian Cannabich, composer (died 1798)
- date unknown – Pierre Vachon, composer (died 1803)
- January 27 – Bartolomeo Cristofori, inventor of an early form of piano (born 1655)
- May 1 (buried) – Johann Ludwig Bach, violinist and composer (born 1677)
- July 5 (buried) – Jakob Greber, composer and musician (date of birth unknown)
- November – Johann Caspar Wilcke, musician and father of Anna Magdalena Bach