1741 to 1745 in sports

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1731 to 1735 | 1736 to 1740 | 1741 to 1745 | 1746 to 1750 | 1751 to 1755

Events in world sport through the years 1741 to 1745.

Boxing[edit]

Events

  • 24 April 1741 — Broughton defeated George Stevenson after 35 minutes and in the 4th round of a fight in London. Stevenson's injuries were serious and he died a few days later.[1]
  • May 1741 — Upset by Stevenson's death, Broughton retired from the ring. He returned in March 1743; George Taylor reclaimed the title in 1741.[1]
  • 16 June 1741 — Taylor defeated Prince Boswell at London after 2 hours and 15 minutes in the 4th round.[2]
  • 1741 — Together with the aristocratic patrons of his boxing academy, Broughton proposed and eventually drafted a set of rules to improve ring safety.[1]
  • 1743 — Jack Slack (the " Norfolk Butcher") defeated three local opponents and was recognized as the Norfolk county champion.[3]
  • 10 March 1743 — Broughton opened his amphitheatre on Oxford Street.[1]
  • 13 March 1743 — Broughton announced his comeback and reclaimed the Championship of England, which George Taylor had held since May 1741.[1]
  • 13 March 1743 — George Taylor v Sailor Field was scheduled to take place in London but, for an unknown reason, was cancelled.[2]
  • 16 Aug 1743 — Broughton published his Rules of the Ring (aka Broughton's Rules), in which Rule VII reads: "That no person is to hit his Adversary when he is down, or seize him by the ham, the breeches, or any part below the waist: a man on his knees to be reckoned down".[1][4]
  • 1744 — Broughton successfully defended his title three times to 1746 against Chicken Harris, Jack James and Tom Smallwood and all fights were in London.[1]
  • 1744 — Taylor closed his Amphitheatre and went to work for Jack Broughton at his place for several years. There, he took on all-comers and never lost a fight until 1750.[2]
  • 24 June 1744 — Slack defeated Daniel Smith in a 20-minute fight in East Anglia.[3]
  • 12 November 1744 — Slack defeated Daniel Smith at Framlingham in a 45-minute 18th round fight.[3]
  • 1745 — Slack defeated several opponents in provincial rings.[3]

Cricket[edit]

Events

  • 1741 — emergence of Slindon Cricket Club with important match status; its most outstanding player was Richard Newland.[5]
  • 1743 — first mention in the sources of the great Kent batsman Robert Colchin.[6]
  • 1744 — first codification of the Laws of Cricket, by the Star and Garter club of Pall Mall in London; these Laws do not say the bowler must roll the ball and there is no mention of prescribed arm action so, in theory, a pitched delivery would have been legal, although pitching was not introduced until the 1760s.[7]
  • 1744 — the earliest known scorecards were created for two matches this season but they did not come into regular use until 1772.[8]
  • 1745 to 1748 — single wicket cricket became increasingly popular and was the main form of cricket in England during this decade with lucrative contests taking place at the Artillery Ground in particular.[9]

Horse racing[edit]

Events

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Jack Broughton". Cyber Boxing Zone. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c "George Taylor". Cyber Boxing Zone. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Jack Slack". Cyber Boxing Zone. Retrieved 5 October 2017. 
  4. ^ "Broughton's Rules (1743)". Cyber Boxing Zone. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  5. ^ McCann, pp. 20–21.
  6. ^ Maun, p. 121.
  7. ^ Leach, John (2007). "From Lads to Lord's (1744) – The First Laws of Cricket". Stumpsite. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  8. ^ McCann, pp. 26–27.
  9. ^ Ashley-Cooper, At the Sign of the Wicket, 12 April 1900, pp. 36–52.

Sources[edit]