1748 English cricket season

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

1748 English cricket season
1747
1749

1748 was the 52nd English cricket season since the earliest known important match was played. Details have survived of six important eleven-a-side and 18 single wicket matches. 1748 was the halcyon season of single wicket, perhaps never so popular before or since.

Important matches[edit]

The following matches are classified as important:[note 1]

date match title venue result source
10 June (F) Kent v England XI Dartford Brent Kent won by 11 runs [1][2]
notes

The source recorded that: "It was esteemed all of a curious match, the odds being two to one on each side playing".

13 June (M) England XI v Kent Artillery Ground Kent won [1][2]
notes

No details are known other than that Kent won and play commenced at two o'clock.

14 June (Tu) Lambeth v London Peckham Rye Common London won [3][2]
notes

There was a brief report in the Whitehall Evening Post on Thursday, 16 June.

18 July (M) London v Croydon Artillery Ground result unknown [4][2][1]
notes

Wickets were to be pitched at 2 o'clock.

1 August (M) "A great match" Moulsey Hurst result unknown [3]
notes

No information available other than a brief report in the General Advertiser that the match was postponed from 13 July "on account of the "indisposition of two principal players".

15 August (M) London v Deptford & Greenwich Artillery Ground result unknown [4][2][1]
notes

Robert Colchin played as a given man for London; Tom Faulkner as a given man for Deptford & Greenwich.

23 August (Tu) Deptford & Greenwich v London Upper Fountain, Deptford result unknown [4][2][1]
notes

The venue was reported as "Mr Siddle's new cricket-ground at Deptford".

Single wicket matches[edit]

June (date unknown). Tom Faulkner beat Robert Colchin at single wicket by one wicket. Colchin scored 40 and 5; Faulkner scored 45 and 1*. It was played sometime in June on Bromley Common.[1]

Monday, 6 June. A "fives" game on the Artillery Ground between Addington and The Rest, excluding Kent. Addington's players were Tom Faulkner, Joe Harris, John Harris, George Jackson and "the shoemaker that lately came out of Kent"! Their opponents were Stephen Dingate, Little Bennett, Maynard, Collins and Thomas Waymark.[3] This appears to be the first time that a team specifically called "The Rest" was ever assembled.

Friday, 24 June. Three "servants of the Duke of Richmond" played Three of London at the Artillery Ground. The result is unknown but the match started quite late at four o'clock. Richmond's team was Stephen Dingate, Joseph Rudd and Pye; London's three were Little Bennett, Tall Bennett and William Anderson. Reported in the London Evening Post on Saturday, 25 June.[1][3][5]

Saturday, 25 June. A return single-wicket match between Robert Colchin and Tom Faulkner on Addington Hill. This time Colchin won by 2 runs. He made 7 and 12; Faulkner replied with 11 and 6.[3][1]

Monday, 4 July. A third game between Colchin and Faulkner, “each having previously won one”, on the Artillery Ground. Unfortunately, there are no match details this time.[1]

Monday, 4 July. Also on the Artillery Ground, Thomas Waymark and Darville played as "Two of Berkshire" against Little Bennett and George Smith of London. George Smith was allowed an unnamed substitute in the field. Waymark and Darville won. Darville was the owner of Bray Mills, where Waymark worked at this time. George Smith, evidently having resolved his financial problems, was still the landlord of the famous Py'd Horse and keeper of the Artillery Ground.[1]

Wednesday, 6 July. A "fives" match on the Artillery Ground: Tom Faulkner's side beat Stephen Dingate's side by one wicket. Two runs were required when the last man went in. The teams were: Tom Faulkner, Joe Harris, William Anderson, Little Bennett and Tall Bennett versus Stephen Dingate, Joseph Rudd, Pye, James Bryant and John Bryant.[1][5]

Wednesday, 13 July & Friday, 15 July. The same two teams of "fives" met again on the Artillery Ground. Play was interrupted by rain on the Wednesday after one side had completed its first innings, scoring 13. The match continued on the Friday. No further details are known but, as an apparent "decider" was played on Wednesday, 27 July, perhaps Dingate's team won this one.[1]

Wednesday, 27 July. Another "fives" game between Tom Faulkner's team and Stephen Dingate's team on the Artillery Ground. Faulkner's team won. This match may have been a decider; in which case Dingate's team must have won the second match on Friday, 15 July. The teams were not the same as before: Stephen Dingate, Richard Newland, Joseph Rudd, Maynard (of Surrey) and Little Bennett versus Tom Faulkner, Joe Harris, Durling (of Addington), James Bryant and John Bryant.[1]

Monday, 8 August. Tom Faulkner and Joe Harris played Robert Colchin and Val Romney at "twos" in the Artillery Ground for twenty guineas a side. Result unknown.[1]

Monday, 8 August. Immediately after the previous game, there was the return of the Waymark/Darville versus Bennett/Smith game, with Smith again allowed a substitute fielder.[1]

Saturday, 20 August. A "fives" game in the Artillery Ground. The teams were: Robert Colchin, John Colchin, James Bryant, John Bryant and Robert Lascoe versus Joe Harris, Maynard, John Capon, William Anderson and Walker.[1] This is the only known mention of the player called Walker.

Monday, 22 August. A "fives" game in the Artillery Ground for 20 guineas a side: Five of Berkshire (Thomas Waymark, Darville and three others) versus Five of London (William Anderson, Little Bennett, Tall Bennett, John Capon and George Carter). London won.[3][1]

Monday, 29 August. A "fives" game at the Artillery Ground in which Tom Faulkner's team defeated Long Robin's team by four runs. The prize was 200 pounds. Val Romney was badly injured and could not run but, the rules being play or pay, he was obliged to play as well as he could. Teams were Tom Faulkner, Joe Harris, James Bryant, John Bryant and Durling versus Robert Colchin, Val Romney, John Larkin, Jones and Maynard.[1]

Monday, 5 September. Three of England versus Five of Berkshire played for 20 guineas in the Artillery Ground. The teams were Robert Colchin, Tom Faulkner and George Smith versus Thomas Waymark and four others of Berkshire. George Smith was not allowed a substitute (termed a "Seeker-out" in the primary source) as in previous games and had to do his share of the fielding. Result unknown.[1]

Friday, 16 September. Robert Colchin and Thomas Waymark defeated Tom Faulkner and Joe Harris in the Artillery Ground. It was announced beforehand that "in case of rain, there is good shelter for the spectators". Apparently the match gave such great satisfaction that an immediate return was arranged. Colchin & Waymark scored 10 and 17 against 0 and 15. In their first innings, Faulkner and Harris were both bowled second ball. Details were reported in the London Evening Post on Sat 17 September.[1][5]

Saturday, 17 September. In the return of the previous day's "twos" match, Colchin and Waymark again defeated Faulkner and Joe Harris. The prize was fifty guineas.[1]

Friday, 23 September. A "threes" game played in the Artillery Ground "for a considerable sum": Robert Colchin, Thomas Waymark and Maynard versus Tom Faulkner, Joe Harris and John Bryant. Result unknown.[6]

Other events[edit]

George Smith, keeper of the Artillery Ground and landlord of the adjoining Pyed Horse in Chiswell Street, declared bankruptcy. Evidently his pricing problems of recent years did have some basis in needing to balance the books after all. A number of notices appeared in the press during the first six months of 1748 but Smith eventually resolved his problems, perhaps through the sale of other property, and was able to retain control of the Artillery Ground until 1752.[7]

Thursday, 4 August. There was a game on Coxheath Common between teams representing "the Hill" and "the Valley". This sounds like a similar idea to the early match at Chevening in the year 1610; and may have been commemorative.[4][2]

In 1748, an action of Jeffreys v Parsons was heard before the King's Bench. The case concerned wagers that were almost certainly made on the above two Kent v All-England games, with Jeffreys claiming 25 guineas won from Parsons on each game. The parties came to an out of court agreement after the case was held over.[1]

First mentions[edit]

Counties[edit]

Clubs and teams[edit]

  • The Rest[3] – earliest known use of this name by a team

Players[edit]

Venues[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ First-class cricket was officially defined in May 1894 by a meeting at Lord's of Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) and the county clubs which were then competing in the County Championship. The ruling was effective from the beginning of the 1895 season. Pre-1895 matches of the same standard have no official definition of status because the ruling is not retrospective and the important matches designation, as applied to a given match, is based on the views of one or more substantial historical sources. For further information, see First-class cricket, Forms of cricket and History of cricket.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Ashley-Cooper, At the Sign of the Wicket, 12 April 1900, p. 52.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g ACS, Important Matches, p. 22.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Buckley, FL18C, p. 22.
  4. ^ a b c d Waghorn, p. 21.
  5. ^ a b c McCann, p. 43.
  6. ^ Ashley-Cooper, At the Sign of the Wicket, 12 April 1900, p. 53.
  7. ^ Buckley, FL18C, p. 21.

Bibliography[edit]

  • ACS (1981). A Guide to Important Cricket Matches Played in the British Isles 1709 – 1863. Nottingham: ACS.
  • Ashley-Cooper, F. S. (1900). At the Sign of the Wicket: Cricket 1742–1751. Cricket: A Weekly Record of the Game. London: Cricket Magazine. OCLC 28863559.
  • Buckley, G. B. (1935). Fresh Light on 18th Century Cricket. Cotterell.
  • McCann, Tim (2004). Sussex Cricket in the Eighteenth Century. Sussex Record Society.
  • Waghorn, H. T. (1906). The Dawn of Cricket. Electric Press.

Further reading[edit]

  • Altham, H. S. (1962). A History of Cricket, Volume 1 (to 1914). George Allen & Unwin.
  • Birley, Derek (1999). A Social History of English Cricket. Aurum.
  • Bowen, Rowland (1970). Cricket: A History of its Growth and Development. Eyre & Spottiswoode.
  • Buckley, G. B. (1937). Fresh Light on pre-Victorian Cricket. Cotterell.
  • Major, John (2007). More Than A Game. HarperCollins.
  • Marshall, John (1961). The Duke who was Cricket. Muller.
  • Maun, Ian (2009). From Commons to Lord's, Volume One: 1700 to 1750. Roger Heavens. ISBN 978 1 900592 52 9.
  • Underdown, David (2000). Start of Play. Allen Lane.
  • Waghorn, H. T. (1899). Cricket Scores, Notes, etc. (1730–1773). Blackwood.
  • Wilson, Martin (2005). An Index to Waghorn. Bodyline.

External links[edit]