174th New York State Legislature

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174th New York State Legislature
173rd 175th
The facade of the New York State Capitol building in bright daylight
Overview
Jurisdiction New York, United States
Term January 1, 1963 – December 31, 1964
Senate
Members 58
President Lt. Gov. Malcolm Wilson (R)
Temporary President Walter J. Mahoney (R)
Party control Republican (32–26)
Assembly
Members 150
Speaker Joseph F. Carlino (R)
Party control Republican (85–65)
Sessions
1st January 9 – April 6, 1963
2nd January 8 – March 27, 1964
3rd April 15 – 16, 1964
4th December 15 – 30, 1964

The 174th New York State Legislature, consisting of the New York State Senate and the New York State Assembly, met from January 9, 1963, to December 30, 1964, during the fifth and sixth years of Nelson Rockefeller's governorship, in Albany.

Background[edit]

Under the provisions of the New York Constitution of 1938, re-apportioned in 1953, 58 Senators and 150 assemblymen were elected in single-seat districts for two-year terms. The senatorial districts consisted either of one or more entire counties; or a contiguous area within a single county. The counties which were divided into more than one senatorial district were Kings (nine districts), New York (six), Queens (five), Bronx (four), Erie (three), Nassau (three), Westchester (three), Monroe (two) and Onondaga (two). The Assembly districts consisted either of a single entire county (except Hamilton Co.), or of contiguous area within one county.

At this time there were two major political parties: the Republican Party and the Democratic Party. The Liberal Party, the Conservative Party, the Socialist Workers Party and the Socialist Labor Party also nominated tickets.

Elections[edit]

The New York state election, 1962, was held on November 6. Governor Nelson Rockefeller and Lieutenant Governor Malcolm Wilson were re-elected, both Republicans. The other four statewide elective offices were carried by two Republicans; and two Democrats with Liberal endorsement. The approximate party strength at this election, as expressed by the vote for Governor and Lieutenant Governor, was: Republicans 3,082,000; Democrats 2,310,000; Liberals 243,000; Conservatives 142,000; Socialist Workers 20,000; and Socialist Labor 10,000.

Two of the four women members of the previous legislature—Assemblywomen Dorothy Bell Lawrence (Rep.), a former school teacher of Manhattan; and Aileen B. Ryan (Dem.), a former school teacher of the Bronx—were re-elected. Constance E. Cook (Rep.), a lawyer of Ithaca, was also elected to the Assembly.

The New York state election, 1963, was held on November 5. The only statewide elective office up for election was a seat on the New York Court of Appeals. Democrat Francis Bergan was elected with Republican and Liberal endorsement. One vacancy in the State Senate, and two vacancies in the Assembly, were filled.[1]

On February 4, 1964, Constance Baker Motley, a lawyer of Manhattan, was elected to the State Senate, to fill a vacancy.

Sessions[edit]

The Legislature met for the first regular session (the 186th) at the State Capitol in Albany on January 9, 1963;[2] and adjourned on April 6.[3]

Joseph F. Carlino (Rep.) was re-elected Speaker.

Walter J. Mahoney (Rep.) was re-elected Temporary President of the State Senate.

The Legislature met for the second regular session (the 187th) at the State Capitol in Albany on January 8, 1964;[4] and adjourned on March 27.[5]

The Legislature met for a special session at the State Capitol in Albany on April 15, 1964;[6] and adjourned on the next day.[7] This session was called to revise the liquor laws.

In 1964, the U.S. Supreme Court handed down several decisions establishing that State legislatures should follow the One man, one vote rule to apportion their election districts. A special Federal Statutory Court declared the New York apportionment formulae for both the State Senate and the State Assembly unconstitutional, and the State Legislature was ordered to re-apportion the seats by April 1, 1965. The court also ruled that the 1964 legislative election should be held under the 1954 apportionment, but those elected could serve only for one year (in 1965), and an election under the new apportionment should be held in November 1965. Senators John H. Hughes and Lawrence M. Rulison (both Rep.) questioned the authority of the federal court to shorten the term of the 1964 electees,[8] alleging excessive costs for the additional election in an off-year.[9]

At the New York state election, 1964, on November 3, Democratic majorities were elected to both the State Senate and the State Assembly for the session of 1965.

The lame-duck Legislature met for another special session at the State Capitol in Albany on December 15, 1964;[10] and adjourned on December 30.[11] This session was called to re-apportion the legislative districts for the 1965 election, gerrymandering the districts according to the wishes of the Republican majority before the Democrats would take over the Legislature in January.[12][13] The number of seats in the State Senate was increased to 65, and the number of seats in the Assembly to 165. County representation was abandoned in favor of population-proportional districts, and the new Assembly districts were numbered from 1 to 165.

State Senate[edit]

Districts[edit]

Senators[edit]

The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature. Guy James Mangano, Edward S. Lentol and Jeremiah J. Moriarty changed from the Assembly to the Senate at the beginning of this Legislature. Assemblyman Irwin R. Brownstein was elected to fill a vacancy in the Senate.

Note: For brevity, the chairmanships omit the words "...the Committee on (the)..."

District Senator Party Notes
1st Elisha T. Barrett* Republican Chairman of Finance
2nd Norman F. Lent Republican
3rd Henry M. Curran* Republican
4th Edward J. Speno* Republican
5th Jack E. Bronston* Dem./Lib.
6th Irving Mosberg* Dem./Lib.
7th Seymour R. Thaler* Dem./Lib.
8th Thomas A. Duffy* Dem./Lib.
9th Thomas J. Mackell* Dem./Lib.
10th Simon J. Liebowitz* Dem./Lib.
11th Walter E. Cooke* Democrat
12th Jeremiah B. Bloom* Dem./Lib.
13th Guy James Mangano* Dem./Lib.
14th William T. Conklin* Republican
15th Frank J. Pino* Dem./Lib. resigned to run for the New York Supreme Court
Irwin Brownstein* Democrat on November 5, 1963, elected to fill vacancy
16th William Rosenblatt* Dem./Lib.
17th Samuel L. Greenberg* Dem./Lib.
18th Edward S. Lentol* Dem./Lib.
19th John J. Marchi* Republican
20th MacNeil Mitchell* Republican Chairman of Judiciary
21st James Lopez Watson* Dem./Lib. on November 5, 1963, elected to the New York City Civil Court
Constance Baker Motley Democrat on February 4, 1964, elected to fill vacancy[14]
22nd Jerome L. Wilson Dem./Lib.
23rd Joseph Zaretzki* Dem./Lib. Minority Leader
24th Joseph R. Marro* Dem./Lib. on November 3, 1964, elected to the New York City Civil Court
25th Manfred Ohrenstein* Dem./Lib.
26th Harry Kraf* Democrat
27th Ivan Warner* Democrat
28th Abraham Bernstein* Democrat
29th Joseph E. Marine* Democrat
30th Hunter Meighan* Republican
31st George W. Cornell* Republican Chairman of Public Service
32nd William F. Condon* Republican
33rd D. Clinton Dominick III* Rep./Lib.
34th E. Ogden Bush* Republican
35th Ernest I. Hatfield* Republican Chairman of Banking; and of Ethics
36th Julian B. Erway* Dem./Lib.
37th Albert Berkowitz* Republican
38th Owen M. Begley* Dem./Lib.
39th George Eustis Paine* Republican Chairman of Affairs of Villages
40th Robert C. McEwen* Republican on November 3, 1964, elected to the 89th U.S. Congress
41st Walter Van Wiggeren* Republican
42nd Fred J. Rath* Republican Chairman of Penal Institutions
43rd Henry A. Wise* Republican Chairman of Public Welfare
44th Lawrence M. Rulison* Republican
45th John H. Hughes* Republican
46th Leighton A. Hope Republican
47th Warren M. Anderson* Republican
48th George R. Metcalf* Republican
49th William T. Smith Republican
50th Dutton S. Peterson* Republican died on October 20, 1964
51st Frank E. Van Lare* Republican
52nd Thomas Laverne* Rep./Lib.
53rd Barber B. Conable, Jr. Republican on November 3, 1964, elected to the 89th U.S. Congress
54th Earl W. Brydges* Republican Chairman of Education
55th Walter J. Mahoney* Republican re-elected Temporary President
56th Frank J. Glinski* Dem./Lib.
57th Richard T. Cooke Republican
58th Jeremiah J. Moriarty* Republican

Employees[edit]

State Assembly[edit]

Assemblymen[edit]

The asterisk (*) denotes members of the previous Legislature who continued in office as members of this Legislature.

Note: For brevity, the chairmanships omit the words "...the Committee on (the)..."

District Assemblymen Party Notes
Albany 1st Frank P. Cox* Democrat
2nd Harvey M. Lifset* Democrat
Allegany Don O. Cummings* Republican
Bronx 1st Donald J. Sullivan* Democrat
2nd Burton M. Fine* Democrat
3rd Jerome Schutzer* Democrat
4th Frank Torres Democrat
5th Melville E. Abrams* Democrat
6th Murray Lewinter* Democrat
7th John T. Satriale* Democrat
8th Alexander Chananau* Democrat
9th Burton Hecht Democrat
10th Ferdinand J. Mondello* Democrat
11th Aileen B. Ryan* Democrat
12th Fred W. Eggert, Jr.* Democrat
Broome 1st Daniel S. Dickinson, Jr.* Republican
2nd George L. Ingalls* Republican Majority Leader
Cattaraugus James F. Hastings Republican
Cayuga George M. Michaels* Democrat
Chautauqua A. Bruce Manley* Republican
Chemung L. Richard Marshall Republican
Chenango Guy L. Marvin* Republican
Clinton Robert J. Feinberg* Republican
Columbia Willard C. Drumm* Republican
Cortland Louis H. Folmer* Republican
Delaware Edwyn E. Mason* Republican
Dutchess Robert Watson Pomeroy* Republican Chairman of Public Service
Erie 1st Stephen R. Greco* Democrat
2nd William E. Adams* Republican
3rd Vincent P. Arnone* Democrat
4th Francis J. Griffin Democrat
5th John B. Lis* Democrat
6th Albert J. Hausbeck* Democrat
7th Julius Volker* Republican
8th William Sadler* Republican
Essex Grant W. Johnson* Republican
Franklin Hayward H. Plumadore* Republican
Fulton and Hamilton Joseph R. Younglove* Republican Chairman of Taxation
Genesee John E. Johnson* Republican
Greene Clarence D. Lane Republican
Herkimer Leo A. Lawrence* Republican
Jefferson Orin S. Wilcox* Republican
Kings 1st Max M. Turshen* Democrat
2nd vacant Assemblyman-elect Samuel Bonom died on December 15, 1962
Noah Goldstein Democrat on February 19, 1963, elected to fill vacancy[15]
3rd Joseph J. Dowd* Democrat
4th Harold W. Cohn* Democrat
5th Leonard E. Yoswein* Democrat
6th Bertram L. Baker* Democrat
7th Louis Kalish* Democrat
8th William J. Ferrall Democrat
9th Robert F. Kelly* Republican
10th John J. Ryan* Democrat
11th George A. Cincotta* Democrat
12th Luigi R. Marano* Republican Chairman of Aviation
13th Lawrence P. Murphy* Democrat
14th Edward A. Kurmel Democrat
15th Alfred A. Lama* Democrat
16th Irwin Brownstein* Democrat resigned to run for the State Senate
Salvatore J. Grieco Democrat on November 5, 1963, elected to fill vacancy
17th Thomas R. Jones Democrat on November 3, 1964, elected to the New York City Civil Court
18th Stanley Steingut* Democrat
19th Joseph Kottler* Democrat
20th Joseph R. Corso* Democrat
21st Bertram L. Podell* Democrat
22nd Anthony J. Travia* Democrat Minority Leader
Lewis Dwight N. Dudo* Republican
Livingston Kenneth R. Willard* Republican
Madison Harold I. Tyler* Republican
Monroe 1st J. Eugene Goddard* Republican
2nd S. William Rosenberg* Republican
3rd Paul B. Hanks, Jr.* Republican
4th Charles F. Stockmeister* Democrat
Montgomery Donald A. Campbell* Republican
Nassau 1st Anthony Barbiero* Republican Chairman of Pensions
2nd Joseph F. Carlino* Republican re-elected Speaker
3rd John E. Kingston* Republican
4th Edwin J. Fehrenbach* Republican
5th Francis P. McCloskey* Republican
6th Robert M. Blakeman* Republican
New York 1st William F. Passannante* Democrat
2nd Louis DeSalvio* Democrat
3rd Jerome Kretchmer Democrat
4th Jerome W. Marks Democrat
5th Albert H. Blumenthal Democrat
6th Paul J. Curran Republican
7th Daniel M. Kelly* Democrat
8th Dorothy Bell Lawrence Republican on May 2, 1963, appointed to the Unemployment Insurance Appeal Board
John M. Burns Republican on November 5, 1963, elected to fill vacancy
9th John R. Brook* Republican
10th Carlos M. Rios Democrat
11th Lloyd E. Dickens* Democrat
12th Mark T. Southall Democrat
13th Orest V. Maresca* Democrat
14th Jose Ramos-Lopez* Democrat
15th John J. Walsh* Democrat
16th Frank G. Rossetti* Democrat
Niagara 1st Harold H. Altro* Republican
2nd Ernest Curto* Republican
Oneida 1st Paul A. Worlock* Democrat
2nd William S. Calli* Republican Chairman of General Laws
Onondaga 1st Robert Hatch, Jr. Republican
2nd John H. Terry Republican
3rd Philip R. Chase* Republican
Ontario Frederick L. Warder Republican
Orange 1st Daniel Becker* Republican
2nd Wilson C. Van Duzer* Republican
Orleans Alonzo L. Waters* Republican
Oswego Edward F. Crawford* Republican
Otsego Paul L. Talbot* Republican Chairman of Agriculture
Putnam Willis H. Stephens* Republican
Queens 1st Thomas V. LaFauci* Democrat
2nd William C. Brennan* Democrat on July 2, 1964, appointed to the New York City Criminal Court
3rd Robert E. Whelan Democrat
4th Jules G. Sabbatino* Democrat
5th Martin M. Psaty Democrat
6th Michael G. Rice* Democrat
7th Moses M. Weinstein* Democrat
8th Michael J. Capanegro* Democrat
9th Fred W. Preller* Republican Chairman of Ways and Means
10th Louis Wallach* Democrat
11th Alfred D. Lerner* Republican
12th J. Lewis Fox* Democrat
13th Anthony P. Savarese, Jr.* Republican
Rensselaer Douglas Hudson* Republican
Richmond 1st Edward J. Amann Jr.* Republican
2nd Lucio F. Russo* Republican
Rockland Joseph F. X. Nowicki* Republican
St. Lawrence Verner M. Ingram* Republican
Saratoga Stanley L. Van Rensselaer* Republican
Schenectady Joseph F. Egan* Republican died on March 22, 1964
Schoharie Russell Selkirk* Republican
Schuyler Jerry W. Black* Republican Chairman of Internal Affairs
Seneca Theodore D. Day* Republican
Steuben Charles D. Henderson* Republican
Suffolk 1st Perry B. Duryea, Jr.* Republican
2nd Prescott B. Huntington* Republican
3rd John G. McCarthy Republican
Sullivan Hyman E. Mintz* Republican
Tioga Richard C. Lounsberry* Republican
Tompkins Constance E. Cook Republican
Ulster Kenneth L. Wilson* Republican
Warren Richard J. Bartlett Republican
Washington Lawrence E. Corbett, Jr. Republican
Wayne Joseph C. Finley* Republican
Westchester 1st Christian H. Armbruster* Republican
2nd P. Boice Esser* Republican
3rd George E. Van Cott* Republican
4th Anthony B. Gioffre* Republican
5th John J. S. Mead* Republican
6th Bernard G. Gordon* Republican
Wyoming Harold L. Peet* Republican
Yates Paul R. Taylor* Republican

Employees[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Complete Results of the Election in the City, Suburbs, State and New Jersey in the New York Times on November 7, 1963 (subscription required)
  2. ^ TAX CURB URGED BY ROCKEFELLER in the New York Times on January 10, 1963 (subscription required)
  3. ^ BILL ON HOSPITALS PASSED IN ALBANY AS SESSION ENDS in the New York Times on April 7, 1963 (subscription required)
  4. ^ GOVERNOR SETS MILD PROGRAM IN HIS MESSAGE in the New York Times on January 9, 1964 (subscription required)
  5. ^ 2 HOUSES ADJOURN in the New York Times on March 27, 1964 (subscription required)
  6. ^ LEGISLATORS GET G.O.P. PLAN TO BAR LIQUOR-PRICE ADS in the New York Times on April 16, 1964 (subscription required)
  7. ^ ROCKEFELLER URGES U.S. TAX REVISION in the New York Times on April 18, 1964 (subscription required)
  8. ^ 2 STATE SENATORS FIGHT TERM RULING in the New York Times on August 2, 1964
  9. ^ Two State Senators Fight Redisricting in the New York Times on August 25, 1964
  10. ^ G.O.P. BILLS LATE, ALBANY EXTENDS SESSION A WEEK in the New York Times on December 16, 1964 (subscription required)
  11. ^ Republicans End 30-Year Reign In the Legislature as It Adjourns in the New York Times on December 31, 1964
  12. ^ ROCKEFELLER CALLS SESSION FOR DEC. 15; Legislature Told to Draw Redistricting Formula in the New York Times on December 2, 1964 (subscription required)
  13. ^ Reapportioning New York State in the New York Times on December 3, 1964
  14. ^ MRS. MOTLEY WINS SENATE ELECTION in the New York Times on February 5, 1964 (subscription required)
  15. ^ New York Red Book (1965–1966; pg. 170)

Sources[edit]