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1752

1752 was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar, the 1752nd year of the Common Era and Anno Domini designations, the 752nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 52nd year of the 18th century, the 3rd year of the 1750s decade. As of the start of 1752, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923. In the British Empire, it was the only year with 355 days, as 3–13 September were skipped when the Empire adopted the Gregorian calendar. January 1 – The British Empire adopts today as the first day of the year as part of adoption of the Gregorian calendar, completed in September: today is the first day of the New Year under the terms of last year's Calendar Act of the British Parliament. February 10 – Pennsylvania Hospital, the first hospital in the United States, the first to offer medical treatment to the mentally ill, admits its first patients at a temporary location in Philadelphia.

February 23 – Messier 83, the "Southern Pinwheel Galaxy" and the first to be cataloged outside of the "Local Group" of galaxies nearest to Earth's galaxy, the Milky Way, is discovered by French astronomer Nicolas-Louis de Lacaille. Lacaille, who observes M83 during a research voyage in the Southern Hemisphere, is the first to identify the body as a nebulous object rather than a star. M83, 15 million light-years away, is the most distant object. February 27 – The Virginia Assembly passes a law making maiming a felony, in response to the practice of gouging. February 29 – Alaungpaya, a village chief in Upper Burma, founds the Konbaung Dynasty. March 14 – Shō Kei, the ruler of Okinawa Island and the Ryukyu Kingdom, dies at the age of 41 after a reign that began when he was 13 years old, he is succeeded by Shō Boku, who reigns for 42 years. March 18 – The electors of the Republic of Venice elect Francesco Loredan as their new executive, the Doge. Loredan's election comes 11 days after the death of the previous Doge, Pietro Grimani, but is not announced until after Easter Sunday.

March 23 – The Halifax Gazette, the first Canadian newspaper, is published. April 6 – Spanish Governor Tomás Vélez Cachupín of Santa Fe de Nuevo México, a province that now comprises most of the American state of New Mexico, begins the first peace negotiations with the indigenous Comanche tribe after inviting tribal representatives to his home in Taos; as a sign of good faith, he unconditionally releases the four Comanche prisoners of war held at Taos. One of the released Comanches reports to his father, Chief Guanacante, about the hospitality extended to him during his imprisonment, more meetings take place in July and in the autumn. April 12 The Kingdom of Afghanistan, under the rule of Ahmad Shah Durrani, recaptures the city of Lahore four years after its capture by the Sikhs of Punjab; the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, Spain's Royal Academy of the Fine Arts, is formally established in Spain, eight years after first being proposed to King Fernando VI by Jeronimo Antonio Gil as a small school in Madrid.

The foundation of the Royal Academy is considered by historians to be "an essential step in modernizing Spain" during the Spanish Enlightenment. April 13 – The oldest property insurance company in the United States, "Philadelphia Contributionship for the Insurance of Houses from Loss by Fire", holds its organizational meeting at the courthouse in Philadelphia to elect a board of directors through the efforts of Benjamin Franklin. Franklin's newspaper, The Pennsylvania Gazette, has been advertising the meeting since February 18, with a notice that "All persons inclined to subscribe to the articles of insurance of houses from fire, in or near this city, are desired to appear at the Court-house, where attendance will be given, to take in their subscriptions, every seventh day of the week, in the afternoon, until the 13th of April next, being the day appointed by the said articles for electing twelve directors and a treasurer." The property insurance company is still in existence more than 250 years later.

April 22 – Adam Smith, appointed the year before as a professor of logic, is unanimously elected by the faculty of the University of Glasgow to be the new Professor of Moral Philosophy "on the express condition that he would content himself with the emoluments of the Logic Professorship until 10 October", in that the 1751-1752 salary budgeted for the job has been distributed to faculty members who had substituted for the previous moral philosophy professor, Thomas Craigie. Smith's lectures on ethics are first published in 1759 in his work The Theory of Moral Sentiments. May 10 – At Marly-la-Ville in France, physicist Thomas-François Dalibard conducts the kite experiment proposed by Benjamin Franklin in the 1750 book Franklin's Experiments and Observations on Electricity. June – Benjamin Franklin carries out his famous kite experiment, duplicating experiments that show that lightning and electricity are the same. According to Franklin, lightning strikes the kite that he is flying during a thunderstorm and produces sparks identical to what he has generated artificially in a Leyden jar.

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Guildford, Victoria

Guildford is a small settlement situated on the Loddon River, 124 kilometres north-west of Melbourne, in Victoria, Australia. It is located on the Midland Highway between Castlemaine; the population recorded at the 2016 census was 333. Facilities in the town include a post office, community hall and a general store, it is thought. The Big Tree is a large, well-preserved River Red Gum, located at the corner of Fryers Street and Ballarat Street, it is thought to be one of the largest in Victoria, with a height of 34 metres and circumference of 9.35 metres at the base. The tree is estimated to be over 500 years old; the area was known as Yarrayne to the original inhabitants of the Jajowarrung people. The first European to explore the area was Major Thomas Mitchell in 1836. By the 1840s pastoral runs had been established and, in the following decade, gold miners flocked to the area during the rush at the Mount Alexander goldfields; the largest encampment of Chinese miners in Victoria was situated at the junction of the Loddon River and Campbells Creek.

Tensions ran high between the white miners and the Chinese which erupted in numerous local conflicts. This anti-Chinese hostility, combined with discriminatory taxation against Chinese miners, saw the Chinese population dwindle and all but disappear by the end of the gold rush; the first hotel was destroyed by fire three years later. The Guildford Family Hotel which dates back to this era is still operational today. Other hotels in the town included the Farmers Arms Hotel and the Commercial Hotel, the building now serving as a general store. A school was built and a Post Office opened in 1860, followed by the Anglican Church the following year; the Catholic Church and the Wesleyan Chapel are now both private property. In 1919 an avenue of honour was planted along the main road, using London Planes, to commemorate locals who fought in World War I; the Guildford Banjo Jamboree is an annual three day music festival held in September. The festival has an emphasis on string band music but includes other styles.

The Jamboree includes concerts in venues around town and on the football oval. Media related to Guildford, Victoria at Wikimedia Commons Place Names Search: Guildford Geoscience Australia

Siyaasat

Siyaasat is an Indian historical drama which aired on The EPIC Channel. The series is an adaptation of the popular award-winning novel The Twentieth Wife by author Indu Sundaresan; the series revolves around Mughal politics, inter-personal conflicts, grandeur and the love between Prince Salim and Mehrunissa known as Nur Jahan, Salim's twentieth and final wife. The show is now available on EPIC TV's streaming platform. Siyaasat is about the journey of Mehrunissa to become Nur Jahan, it is based in the era of Mughal rule. The show focuses on the battle between the princes to become the heir to the throne and on Salim - Mehrunissa's love story; the other prominent aspects of the show are the politics in the harem between Jagat Gosaini, Ruqaiya Sultan Begum and other women, the rivals of Akbar like Malik Amber, Chand Bibi and Rana Pratap and the political turmoil in Akbar's court between Abul Fazl, Mirza Ghias Beg and Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana Uday Tikekar as Emperor Akbar Deepika Amin as Empress Ruqaiya Sultan Begum, chief Queen of Akber, head of mughal harem addressed as Padshah Beigum Karanvir Sharma/Sudhanshu Pandey as Prince Salim, Akbar's eldest son Neetha Shetty as Maan Bai, Salim's first wife and mother of Prince Khusrau.

Shaynam Ladakhi as Mehmood, Nur Jahan's brother. Nayani Dixit as Jagat Gosaini, Salim's second wife and the mother of Prince Khurram. Charu Shankar as Mehrunissa, wife of Ali Quli Sher Afgan and illicit lover of Prince Salim, she marries her lover, the emperor Jehangir. Jannat Zubair Rahmani as Young Mehrunissa KC Shankar as Ali Quli, a nobleman and husband of Mehrunnisa, who hates Prince Salim because the latter is Mehrunnisa's illicit lover Pawan Chopra as Mirza Ghias Beg, Mehrunnisa's father Suparna Marwah as Asmat Begum, Mehrunnisa's mother Gurpreet Saini as Prince Murad, second son of Akbar Mokshad Dodwani as Prince Daniyal, third son of Akbar Bikramjeet Kanwarpal as Abu'l-Fazl, a beloved friend and courtier of Emperor Akbar Nagesh Salwan as Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana, a courtier of Akbar and Salim who supports prince Khusrau in his rebellion against his father Salim Kavin Dave as Qutubuddin Koka, courtier loyal to Salim, appointed commander-in-chief after Salim becomes Emperor Omkar Kapoor as Mahabat Khan, courtier loyal to Salim, appointed Grand Vazir after Salim becomes Emperor Ashraf Nagoo as Hoshiyar Khan Rupali as Nadira Future Anarkali Salim's Former love Interest Dead The series was shot over a period of six months in Bikaner, with the Laxmi Niwas Palace acting as a substitute for Emperor Akbar's capital Fatehpur Sikri.

Costumes for the series have been designed by the daughter of director Shyam Benegal. Charu Shankar made her Indian television debut with Siyaasat, she described how she bagged the lead role, "I had read all three books in the Taj Mahal trilogy and liked them. The producers called me and said that they were trying to make a Game of Thrones-style series out of it, to which I said, "Excellent. What role do you want me for?" And, when I got to know that it was for Mehrunissa. I was driving at that moment and I banged my car out of excitement." Shankar described. "I had a month to prepare for the role before we went to Bikaner, where we shot the series. I happened to be doing an art history course at the National Museum at that time and I spent it at the gallery studying Mughal miniatures and trying to imagine the world that Mehrunissa lived in."The show has been shot across various scenic locales in Rajasthan and real palaces of Bikaner. Siyaasat brings alive the decadent lifestyle, architecture and stories of the Mughal royalty.

Official website Siyaasat on IMDb