Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoriclife forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils. This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1755.
Joshua Platt, a dealer in curiosities, discovers three large dinosaurian vertebrae at Stonesfield. He sends them off for examination to a Quaker botanist, merchant, and friend of Benjamin Franklin named Peter Collinson. Sadly, Collinson never gives them Platt's desired examination, and the fate and specific identity of the fossils remain unknown.
1753 in science
The year 1753 in science and technology involved some significant events. Ruđer Boškovićs De lunae atmosphaera demonstrates the lack of atmosphere on the Moon, may 1 – Publication of Linnaeus Species Plantarum, the start of formal scientific classification of plants. June – Establishment in Florence of the Accademia dei Georgofili, the worlds oldest society devoted to agronomy, claude François Geoffroy demonstrates that bismuth is distinct from lead and tin. January 1 – Retrospectively, the date value for a datetime field in an SQL Server due to this being the first full year since Britains adoption of the Gregorian calendar. James Lind publishes the first edition of A Treatise on the Scurvy, benjamin Franklin invents the lightning rod, to ring a bell when struck by lightning, following his 1752 kite and key tests. George Semple uses hydraulic lime cement in rebuilding Essex Bridge in Dublin
1758 in science
The year 1758 in science and technology involved some significant events. Comet Halley reappears as predicted by Edmond Halley in 1705, angélique du Coudray demonstrates the first obstetric mannequin. Scottish physician Francis Home makes the first attempt to deliver a measles vaccine, ruđer Bošković publishes his atomic theory in Philosophiæ naturalis theoria redacta ad unicam legem virium in natura existentium. Carl Linnaeus applies his binomial system to animal classification in the 10th edition of Systema Naturae