1759 English cricket season
1759 was the 63rd English cricket season since the earliest known important match was played. Details have survived of three important eleven-a-side and no single wicket matches. Three Dartford v Rest of England matches were played, a number of well-known names being involved.
|5–6 Sept (W–Th)||Dartford v England XI ||Dartford Brent||Dartford won|||
|6–7 Sept (Th–F)||Dartford v England XI ||Dartford Brent||All-England won|||
This one was arranged immediately after the previous game finished at noon on Thursday. It is not actually known when the game finished so it is only an assumption that they played into Friday.
|12 Sept (W)||England XI v Dartford ||Laleham Burway||Dartford won by 3 wkts|||
The deciding match was scheduled for Wed 12 September from an announcement in the Whitehall Evening Post dated Tuesday 11 September.
Arthur Haygarth refers to this "tri-series" on page 2 of Scores & Biographies, but only to the two games won by Dartford. He appears to believe that only two games were played. He found the names of the players in both those matches in Bell’s Life dated 23 November 1845, but no scores. Bell’s Life stated that the matches took place in 1765 and Mr Haygarth says another account has 1762, but it is evident that G B Buckley has got the dates (and the sequence) right as above.
Dartford’s team, evidently unchanged in all three games, was: Tom Faulkner, Gascoigne (both London, given men), John Frame, John Bell (wk), Potter (long stop), Thomas Brandon, Thomas Bell, Goldstone, Killick, Stevens (possibly Edward "Lumpy" Stevens), Wakelin.
The England team, also apparently unchanged, was: Burchwood (Kent), John Edmeads (Surrey), Gill (Bucks, wk), Thomas Woods (Surrey, long stop), Stephen Harding (Surrey), John Haynes (Surrey), Durling (Kent), Saunders (Berkshire), Allen (Middlesex), Nyland (sic, Sussex), Cheeseman (Sussex).
The main bowlers were stated to be Faulkner and Frame for Dartford; and Burchwood and Edmeads for All-England. The most intriguing names are Nyland, who could have been any of the Newland brothers or perhaps their famous nephew Richard Nyren; and Stevens, who may have been the Lumpy Stevens himself. Richard Nyren and Lumpy were both 24 in 1759.
John Frame, who began in the 1740s, played on into the 1770s. He was the greatest bowler in England before Lumpy, Brett and Harris came along. John Edmeads, assuming it is the same man, was still playing for Chertsey and Surrey in the 1770s. Gill of Bucks is probably the wicket-keeper in the score-recorded Hampshire v England XI match of June 1772.
Clubs and teams
- Allen (Middlesex)
- Burchwood (Kent)
- Cheeseman (Sussex)
- John Edmeads (Chertsey/Surrey)
- Gascoigne (London)
- Gill (Bucks)
- Goldstone (Dartford/Kent)
- John Haynes (Surrey)
- Killick (Dartford/Kent)
- Nyland (Sussex)
- Potter (Dartford/Kent)
- Saunders (Berkshire)
- Wakelin (Dartford/Kent)
- Thomas Woods (Chertsey/All-England)
- First-class cricket was officially defined in May 1894 by a meeting at Lord's of Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) and the county clubs which were then competing in the County Championship. The ruling was effective from the beginning of the 1895 season. Pre-1895 matches of the same standard have no official definition of status because the ruling is not retrospective and the important matches designation, as applied to a given match, is based on the views of one or more substantial historical sources. For further information, see First-class cricket, Forms of cricket and History of cricket.
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