Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoriclife forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils. This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1769.
1769 in science
The year 1769 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below. March 4 – French astronomer Charles Messier first records the Orion Nebula, june 3 – Transit of Venus is observed from many places in order to obtain data for measuring the distance from the Earth to the Sun. The weather in Pondicherry is cloudy that day, le Gentil had also missed the 1761 transit through bad luck. November 9 – Transit of Mercury, james Cook observes this from Mercury Bay in New Zealand. Carl Wilhelm Scheele discovers a method of mass-producing phosphorus, in September he completes a full-size experimental engine at Kinneil House in Scotland. July 3 – Richard Arkwright is granted a British patent for a spinning frame able to spin thread mechanically. October 23 – Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot demonstrates a steam-powered artillery tractor in France, march 16 – Louis Antoine de Bougainville returns to Saint-Malo following a three-year circumnavigation of the world with the ships La Boudeuse and Étoile, with the loss of only seven out of 330 men