1771 English cricket season
1771 was the 75th English cricket season since the earliest known important match was played. It is notable for the infamous wide bat affair which resulted in a rule being established within the Laws of Cricket whereby the maximum width of the bat has ever since been four and a quarter inches. Also of great historical significance is the Nottingham v Sheffield match in August which evidences both the spread of cricket throughout England and the rise of the northern counties who eventually became cricketing powerhouses.
|3 & 4 July (W-Th)||Gents of Kent v Gents of Sussex ||Tenterden||Kent won|||
Reported in the Kent Weekly Post aka Canterbury Journal on Tues 2 July and again on Tues 16 July. This match was the first of a series of games this year between teams that were apparently "gentlemen only". The games were also titled Tenterden & Benenden versus Northiam & Peasmarsh.
|8 July (M)||Chertsey v Richmond, Hampton & Brentford ||Laleham Burway||result unknown|||
|15 July (M)||Richmond, Hampton & Brentford v Chertsey ||Richmond Green||result unknown|||
The Gazetteer advertised both games on Mon 8 July but no post-match reports were found.
|30 July (Tu)||Gents of Kent v Gents of Sussex ||Tenterden||result unknown|
Second in the series of gentlemen’s matches (see 3 July above). Two other matches were played possibly in August at Sevenoaks Vine and Laleham Burway, but there are no details and they may again be "gentlemen only" games.
|5 & 6 August (M-Tu)||Middlesex, Kent & Surrey v Coulsdon ||Artillery Ground||MK&S won by 45 runs|||
Reported in the St James Chronicle on Thurs 8 August.
|5 August (M)||Gents of Kent v Gents of Sussex ||New Romney||result unknown|||
Third in the series of gentlemen’s matches (see 3 & 30 July above).
|12 & 13 August (M-Tu)||All-England v Hambledon ||Guildford Bason||All-England won by 10 wkts|||
Hambledon scored 65 and 90; All-England took a sizeable first innings lead with 146 and needed only 10-0 to win the game convincingly.
The game was reported in the London Gazetteer on Fri 16 August.
|20 August (Tu)||Gents of Hampshire v Gents of Sussex ||Broadhalfpenny Down||Sussex won by 8 wkts|||
This match and the next one were played by amateur gentlemen. The teams are given and they are local clergy and the like only, although a few names like de Burgh, Ridge and Cotton can be associated with membership of the Hambledon Club. These are therefore minor matches. Harry Peckham is believed to be the "Mr Peckam junior" on the Sussex team.
|23 August (F)||Gents of Sussex v Gents of Hampshire ||Valdo Corner, Goodwood||Sussex won by innings & 74 runs|||
The source lists the team changes but they make no difference to the minor status of the match.
|26 & 27 August (M-Tu)||Nottingham v Sheffield ||Forest Racecourse, Nottingham||result unknown|||
The reports indicate that the game was not determined on account of a dispute having arisen by one of the Sheffield players being jostled. It seems the intention was for each team to play 3 innings each. The end details we have are that Sheffield was 60 ahead with Nottingham yet to bat. Sheffield scored 81, 62 and 105 for a total of 248, but we don’t know if 105 was an all out total or not. Nottingham had scored 76 and 112 for a total of 188 with another innings in hand.
The reports mentions a Sheffield batsman called Osguthorpe (sic) who "kept in batting for several hours together". But his name is not among the two lists of players given in S&B, one under 26 August 1771 and another under 1 June 1772 (see details under that date). The lists are evidently the same team but with slight differences for each match. As Osguthorpe is not included, they must be the Nottingham players only. The players are: Coleman (2 appearances), Turner (2), Loughman (2), Roe (2), Spurr (2), Stocks (2), Collishaw (2), Troop (2), Mew (2), Bamford (1), Gladwin (1), Huythwaite (1), Rawson (1).
This match is the earliest known reference to cricket in Nottinghamshire.
It is believed that the origin of Notts CCC lies in this same Nottingham club that apparently came into existence around 1770. The club seems to have undergone some form of reorganisation in 1835 when its team was first recognised as Nottinghamshire county, rather than Nottingham town. The present Nottinghamshire CCC was formally established in 1841.
The Sheffield club organised county matches in Yorkshire from the mid-1700s, its teams in important matches being representative of Yorkshire as a county until in 1863 it was the main participant in the official formation of Yorkshire CCC.
|28 & 29 August (W-Th)||Bourne v Middlesex & Surrey ||Bourne Paddock||M&S won by 1 run|||
There is a report of this game in the Kent Weekly Post but in another connection. The game caused the postponement of a benefit occasion for a Mrs Dyer at the Canterbury Theatre, which had been scheduled for the same day. Presumably, the Duke of Dorset and his cronies wanted to attend both functions.
|4 & 5 September (W-Th)||Duke of Dorset’s XI v Horace Mann’s XI ||Artillery Ground||Dorset’s XI won by 1 wkt|||
Mann’s XI (Bourne Club) scored 65 & 82; Dorset’s XI replied with 58 & 90-9. Apparently, the last wicket pair needed 27 to win the game.
|23 & 24 September (M-Tu)||Chertsey v Hambledon ||Laleham Burway||Hambledon won by 1 run|||
Team totals (both innings combined) were Hambledon 218 and Chertsey 217. The match was for £50 a side and the articles decreed that it must be played out. It was concluded on the Tuesday evening.
Thomas "Daddy" White of Reigate (often confused with Shock White of Brentford) used his extra wide bat whilst playing for Chertsey in this game. The Hambledon players objected. A formal protest was written by Thomas Brett and signed by himself, Richard Nyren and John Small. It brought about a change in the Laws of Cricket, as confirmed in 1774, whereby the maximum width of the bat was set at four and one quarter inches.
For full details of this match and its famous incident, see: Monster Bat Incident 1771.
|30 September & 1 October (M-Tu)||Hambledon v Chertsey ||Broadhalfpenny Down||Hambledon won by 10 wkts|||
Chertsey scored 117 and 126. Hambledon replied with 230 and 14 for 0 to win convincingly.
There were two minor games at Cobham Tilt in which one of the teams was led by Charles Bennet, 4th Earl of Tankerville, a famous patron of Surrey teams in the 1770s and the employer of Edward "Lumpy" Stevens, who was a gardener at his Walton-on-Thames estate. Tankerville succeeded to his title on the death of his father on 27 October 1767. This is probably the earliest mention of him in a cricketing connection.
On Sat 16 November, a general meeting "of the subscribers to the Broadhalfpenny Cricket Club will be held at the George Inn, at Hambledon, in order to appoint stewards and settle the plan for the ensuing year".
Clubs and teams
- Reynell Cotton (Hambledon/Hampshire)
- John Thomas de Burgh (Hambledon/Hampshire)
- Harry Peckham (Sussex)
- Thomas White (Chertsey/Surrey)
- First-class cricket was officially defined in May 1894 by a meeting at Lord's of Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) and the county clubs which were then competing in the County Championship. The ruling was effective from the beginning of the 1895 season. Pre-1895 matches of the same standard have no official definition of status because the ruling is not retrospective and the important matches designation, as applied to a given match, is based on the views of one or more substantial historical sources. For further information, see First-class cricket, Forms of cricket and History of cricket.
- G B Buckley, Fresh Light on 18th Century Cricket, Cotterell, 1935
- ACS, Important Matches, p. 24.
- G B Buckley, Fresh Light on Pre-Victorian Cricket, Cotterell, 1937
- Timothy J McCann, Sussex Cricket in the Eighteenth Century, Sussex Record Society, 2004
- H T Waghorn, Cricket Scores, Notes, etc. (1730-1773), Blackwood, 1899
- John Baker's Diary. Mr Baker was a Sussex lawyer who actively supported cricket and made a number of journeys on horseback to watch games. His diary has provided some vivid descriptions of cricket in his day and they are particularly interesting for giving us a contemporary spectator’s point of view.
- H T Waghorn, The Dawn of Cricket, Electric Press, 1906
- Buckley, G. B. (1935). Fresh Light on 18th Century Cricket. Cotterell.
- Haygarth, Arthur (1862). Scores & Biographies, Volume 1 (1744–1826). Lillywhite.
- McCann, Tim (2004). Sussex Cricket in the Eighteenth Century. Sussex Record Society.
- Waghorn, H. T. (1899). Cricket Scores, Notes, etc. (1730–1773). Blackwood.
- Waghorn, H. T. (1906). The Dawn of Cricket. Electric Press.
- Wilson, Martin (2005). An Index to Waghorn. Bodyline.
- ACS (1981). A Guide to Important Cricket Matches Played in the British Isles 1709 – 1863. Nottingham: ACS.
- Altham, H. S. (1962). A History of Cricket, Volume 1 (to 1914). George Allen & Unwin.
- Birley, Derek (1999). A Social History of English Cricket. Aurum.
- Bowen, Rowland (1970). Cricket: A History of its Growth and Development. Eyre & Spottiswoode.
- Buckley, G. B. (1937). Fresh Light on pre-Victorian Cricket. Cotterell.
- Major, John (2007). More Than A Game. HarperCollins.
- Mote, Ashley (1997). The Glory Days of Cricket. Robson.
- Nyren, John (1998). Ashley Mote, ed. The Cricketers of my Time. Robson.
- Underdown, David (2000). Start of Play. Allen Lane.