1778 in Scotland
List of years in Scotland|
Timeline of Scottish history
1778 in: Great Britain • Wales • Ireland • Elsewhere
Events from the year 1778 in Scotland.
- Lord President of the Court of Session – Lord Arniston, the younger
- Lord Justice General – The Duke of Queensberry until 22 October; then from 23 October The Viscount Stormont
- Lord Justice Clerk – Lord Barskimming
- 24 April – American Revolutionary War: North Channel Naval Duel: Scottish-born John Paul Jones in the USS Ranger (1777) captures HMS Drake (1777) in the North Channel off Carrickfergus.
- 15 May – 78th Regiment of Foot raised by Kenneth Mackenzie, 1st Earl of Seaforth, at Elgin. In Summer, there is a brief "Mutiny of MacRaes" at Edinburgh.
- 28 May – Recruiting Act 1778, applying only to London and Scotland, provides for 3-year service in the British Army with a bounty of £3, and for the impressment as soldiers of "all able-bodied idle, and disorderly persons, who could not ... prove themselves to ... follow some lawful trade or employment".
- The Court of Session decides an appeal by slave Joseph Knight which effectively declares that slavery is illegal in Scotland.
- First cotton mill in Scotland established at Penicuik.
- Inhabited House Tax first imposed.
- 9 January – Thomas Brown, metaphysician (died 1820 in London)
- 16 January – John Arbuthnott, 8th Viscount of Arbuthnott, peer and soldier (died 1860 in Bruges?)
- 24 March – Robert Fleming Gourlay, agriculturist in Canada and writer (died 1863)
- 18 April – Mary Bruce, Countess of Elgin, née Nisbet (died 1855)
- 18 May – Andrew Ure, doctor, industrial chemist and encylopaedist (died 1857 in London)
- 11 August – John Christian Schetky, marine painter (died 1874 in London)
- 1 November – Mary Brunton, novelist (died 1818)
- Robert Davidson, peasant poet (died 1855)
- Approximate date – Anna Maria Walker, née Patton, botanist (died 1852 in India)
- 31 October – Thomas Cochrane, 8th Earl of Dundonald, nobleman, army officer and politician (born 1691)
- 15 December – Catherine Read, portrait painter (born 1723)
- Rob Donn, Gaelic poet (born 1714)
- Charles Douglas, 3rd Duke of Queensberry (born 1698)
- George Keith, 10th Earl Marischal, Jacobite and Prussian soldier and diplomat (born 1692/3?; died at Potsdam)
- MacLauchlan, Thomas, ed. (c. 1885). The Scottish Highlands: Highland Clans and Highland Regiments. 7 (1st ed.). Glasgow: A. Fullarton & Co. p. 524.
- "Slavery, freedom or perpetual servitude? - the Joseph Knight case". National Archives of Scotland. Edinburgh: National Records of Scotland. 2007-10-23. Retrieved 2016-01-25.
- Cooke, Anthony (2010). The Rise and Fall of the Scottish Cotton Industry 1778-1914. Manchester University Press. ISBN 9780719080821.