1779 in music
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- February 16 – Composer William Boyce is buried in St Paul's Cathedral. The music at his funeral features the massed choirs of St Paul's itself, Westminster Abbey and the Chapel Royal.
- April – The London Magazine reports on the organ-playing of three-year-old prodigy William Crotch.
- December 26 – Teatro alla Scala in Milan opens its operatic carnival season with Josef Mysliveček's new opera Armida.
- The opera house at Eszterháza burns down.
- Mezzo-soprano Luigia Polzelli and her violinist husband Antonio arrive at the Esterházy court, where she quickly becomes the lover of Joseph Haydn.
- Johann Christian Bach – Amadis de Gaule
- Domenico Cimarosa – L'infedeltà fedele
- Christoph Willibald Gluck – Iphigénie en Tauride
- Joseph Haydn – L'isola disabitata
- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart – Zaide
- Joseph Haydn – Symphony No. 70 in D major
- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
- Francesco Antonio Vallotti – Della scienza teorica e pratica della moderna musica (On the scientific theory and practice of modern music)
- January 8 – John White, composer
- January 15 – Jean Coralli, ballet producer and choreographer
- February 5 – François van Campenhout, singer and composer (d. 1848)
- February 22 – Joachim Nicolas Eggert, composer (d. 1813)
- February 23 – Johann Caspar Aiblinger, composer (d. 1867)
- March 1 – Jacob Gottfried Weber, composer (d. 1839)
- March 13 – Oliver Shaw, composer (d. 1848)
- April 21 – William Knyvett, composer
- May 28 – Thomas Moore, poet and lyricist
- August 1 – Francis Scott Key, songwriter
- September 10 – Louis Alexandre Piccinni
- October 15 – Johan Olof Wallin, songwriting bishop
- February 7 – William Boyce, composer
- April 6 – Tommaso Traetta, composer
- April 7 – Martha Ray, singer
- December 5 – Hermann Anton Gelinek, organist and violinist (born 1709)
- December 28 – Gennaro Manna, composer
- date unknown – Josse Boutmy, organist and harpsichordist (born 1697)
- "William Boyce", Eighteenth Century English Music (rslade.co.uk)