1780 English cricket season

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1780 English cricket season

1780 was the 84th English cricket season since the earliest known important match was played. Duke & Son of Penshurst made the first-ever six-seam cricket ball.

Important matches[edit]

The following matches are classified as important:[note 1]

date match title venue source result
27–28 June (Tu-W) Odiham & Alton v Alresford # Odiham Down WDC Alresford won by 6 wkts

27–28 June (Tu-W) Duke of Dorset v Sir H Mann Sevenoaks Vine SB43 Mann's XI won by 7 wkts

Duke of Dorset’s XI 93 (W Bowra 33) & 92 (W Bullen 34; Berwick 3w); Sir Horace Mann’s XI 105 (J Aylward 47) & 81-3 (J Miller 24*)

11–12 July (Tu-W) Alresford v Odiham & Alton # The Nythe, near Alresford FLPV O&A won by 100 runs

11 July (Tu) Kent v Maidstone Bishopsbourne Paddock KCM result unknown

3 August (Th) Kent v Maidstone Bishopsbourne Paddock KCM result unknown

8 August (Tu) Maidenhead v Chertsey Priestwood Common WDC Maidenhead won by 5 runs

This was a single innings match. The Maidenhead team here is a forerunner of the noted Oldfield Club which became prominent in the mid-1780s. Oldfield played at Oldfield Bray which is near Maidenhead and their strength was such that they were representative of Berkshire as a county. A handful of Maidenhead’s players in this game later played for the Oldfield Club.

15 August (Tu) Kent v Maidstone Bishopsbourne Paddock CQ result unknown

21–23 August (M-W) Duke of Dorset v Sir H Mann Bishopsbourne Paddock SB44 Dorset's XI won by 14 runs

Duke of Dorset’s XI 97 (Earl of Tankerville 30, W Bedster 23; Gibson 5w, R Clifford 4w) & 163 (W Pattenden 32, W Bullen 30, E Stevens 25, W Bedster 24; Gibson 3w, R Clifford 2w); Sir Horace Mann’s XI 149 (B Rimmington 62, Mr R Hosmer 36; E Stevens 2w) & 97 (W Yalden 22*; W Bedster 3w, E Stevens 2w)

31 Aug - 1 Sept (Th-F) All-England v Hampshire Bishopsbourne Paddock SB45 All-England won by 165 runs

All-England 197 (W Yalden 52, W Bowra 31, T Rimmington 25, R Clifford 25; R Nyren 3w) & 144 (J Miller 37, W Yalden 34, J Aylward 24; W Lamborn 2w); Hampshire 80 (John Small 22; R Clifford 4w) & 96 (E Aburrow 36, N Mann 33; R Clifford 3w, E Stevens 2w)

20–22 September (W-F) Hampshire v All-England Stoke Down SB46 All-England won by 51 runs

All-England 179 (J Miller 50, R Clifford 33*, E Stevens 31, J Aylward 26, W Bedster 24; W Lamborn 4w) & 101 (B Rimmington 38; R Nyren 4w); Hampshire 169 (E Aburrow 42, T Sueter 36, N Mann 30; E Stevens 4w, R Clifford 2w) & 60 (R A Veck 23; E Stevens 6w)

With 10 wickets and a first innings knock of 31, there is no doubt that Lumpy was the man of this match!

21 September (Tu) Odiham & Alton v Alresford # Odiham Down WDC O&A won by 10 runs

# Hampshire players Richard Veck and Thomas Taylor played for Alresford in these games. The Odiham & Alton teams include players called Beldam and Wells. Wells was probably James, elder brother of John; Beldam must have been George Beldam, elder brother of William who was still only 14 in 1780.

Single wicket[edit]

  • 2 Sept (Th) : Five of Kent v Five of Hambledon Club @ Bishopsbourne Paddock. Match drawn (only one innings each completed).

First mentions[edit]


Clubs and teams[edit]



Other events[edit]

Duke & Son of Penshurst made the first-ever six-seam cricket ball and it was presented to the Prince of Wales (i.e., the future King George IV of England).

Several games have been recorded between the Duke of Dorset and Sir Horace Mann, though the match titles vary as before. Two of the matches have surviving scorecards which are in S&B.

Leading batsmen[edit]

Note that many scorecards in the 18th century are unknown or have missing details and so it is impossible to provide a complete analysis of batting performances: e.g., the missing not outs prevent computation of batting averages. The "runs scored" are in fact the runs known.

runs player
142 James Aylward
142 Joseph Miller
136 William Yalden
130 B Rimmington
120 William Bedster
108 Robert Clifford
106 William Bullen
79 Edward "Curry" Aburrow
79 Noah Mann
75 William Bowra

Leading bowlers[edit]

Note that the wickets credited to an 18th-century bowler were only those where he bowled the batsman out. The bowler was not credited with the wickets of batsmen who were caught out, even if it was "caught and bowled". In addition, the runs conceded by each bowler were not recorded so no analyses or averages can be computed.

wkts player
18 Lumpy Stevens
16 Robert Clifford
9 Gibson (Mann's XI)
8 Lamborn
8 Richard Nyren

Leading fielders[edit]

Note that many scorecards in the 18th century are unknown or have missing details and so the totals are of the known catches and stumpings only. Stumpings were not always recorded as such and sometimes the name of the wicket-keeper was not given. Generally, a catch was given the same status as "bowled" with credit being awarded to the fielder only and not the bowler. There is never a record of "caught and bowled"the bowler would be credited with the catch, not with the wicket.

ct/st player
8 James Aylward
5 William Bullen
4 Noah Mann
4 John Small
4 William Yalden


  1. ^ First-class cricket was officially defined in May 1894 by a meeting at Lord's of Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) and the county clubs which were then competing in the County Championship. The ruling was effective from the beginning of the 1895 season. Pre-1895 matches of the same standard have no official definition of status because the ruling is not retrospective and the important matches designation, as applied to a given match, is based on the views of one or more substantial historical sources. For further information, see First-class cricket, Forms of cricket and History of cricket.



  • Ashley-Cooper, F. S. (1924). Hambledon Cricket Chronicle 1772–1796. Jenkins.
  • Buckley, G. B. (1935). Fresh Light on 18th Century Cricket. Cotterell.
  • Haygarth, Arthur (1862). Scores & Biographies, Volume 1 (1744–1826). Lillywhite.
  • Mote, Ashley (1997). The Glory Days of Cricket. Robson.
  • Nyren, John (1998). Ashley Mote, ed. The Cricketers of my Time. Robson.
  • Waghorn, H. T. (1906). The Dawn of Cricket. Electric Press.
  • Wilson, Martin (2005). An Index to Waghorn. Bodyline.

Further reading[edit]

  • ACS (1981). A Guide to Important Cricket Matches Played in the British Isles 1709 – 1863. Nottingham: ACS.
  • Altham, H. S. (1962). A History of Cricket, Volume 1 (to 1914). George Allen & Unwin.
  • Birley, Derek (1999). A Social History of English Cricket. Aurum.
  • Bowen, Rowland (1970). Cricket: A History of its Growth and Development. Eyre & Spottiswoode.
  • Buckley, G. B. (1937). Fresh Light on pre-Victorian Cricket. Cotterell.
  • McCann, Tim (2004). Sussex Cricket in the Eighteenth Century. Sussex Record Society.
  • Major, John (2007). More Than A Game. HarperCollins.
  • Underdown, David (2000). Start of Play. Allen Lane.

External links[edit]