Aris Konstantinidis

Aris Konstantinidis was a notable architect of modernism in Greece. Aris Konstantinidis was born in Athens and studied architecture at the Technical University of Munich from 1931 to 1936, where he came into contact with the Modern Movement in architecture, he returned to Greece in 1936 and worked for the Town Planning Department of the city of Athens and for the Ministry of Public Works. He was appointed head of the Workers Housing Organisation from 1955 to 1975 and from 1957 to 1967 of the Technical Service of the Greek National Tourism Organisation, where he planned and oversaw the construction of a series of workers' houses and Xenia hotels. At the same time, Konstantinidis planned and realised several private projects like the emblematic Weekend House in Anavyssos, he devoted extensive study to the anonymous architecture of Greece and between 1947 and 1953 published three books in which he examined particular examples of this type of architecture. In 1975 he published a comprehensive book concerning the anonymous architecture of Greece, entitled Elements of Self-knowledge: Towards a true architecture, in which it is apparent how much he was influenced by the architectural tradition of his homeland and how he drew lessons from the past to develop an architecture for his time.

In his last book, entitled Theoktista, the architect once again underlined his belief that anonymous architecture as well as the landscape of Greece itself constituted the foundations on which modern architectural practice could and should be grounded. He taught at the Zurich Polytechnic as a visiting professor. In 1978 he received an honorary doctorate from the University of Thessaloniki, he was appointed a corresponding member of the Academy of Munich. Through his work, Aris Konstantinidis created architectural solutions unique in Greece, which gave birth to a modern Greek architecture. In 1951 Konstantinidis married the famous Greek sculptor Natalia Mela, they had two children: Dimitris Konstantinidis is an architect and Alexandra Tsoukala is a light designer. Weekend House in Anavyssos Ioannina Archaeological Museum Xenia Hotel in Kalambaka Xenia Hotel in MykonosKomotini Archaeological Museum Xenia Hotel in Olympia Low-income housing in Athens Low-income housing in Irakleio Low-income housing in Serres Low-income housing in Pyrgos 1947- Two "Villages" from Mykonos 1950 - Old Athenian Houses 1953 - Country churches of Mykonos 1972 - Vessels for Life or The problem of a genuine architecture 1975- Elements for self-knowledge - towards a true architecture 1978 - True contemporary architecture 1987 - On architecture 1987 - Sinners and thieves or The take-off of architecture 1989 - Forwards from forthcoming books 1991 - Wretched timeliness - The golden Olympics - The Acropolis Museum 1992 - Experiences and facts - an autobiographical narrative 1992 - The architecture of architecture - Notes from a Journal 1992 - Aris Konstandinidis - Projects & Buildings 1992 - "God-Built" List of museums in Greece Aris Konstandinidis - Buildings & Projects, Agra, 1991 "Biography of the architect" Xenia Hotel in Paliouri Aris Konstantinidis at archINFORM

Tan Howe Liang

Tan Howe Liang, is a Singaporean weightlifter, the first Singaporean to win an Olympic Games medal. He did this in the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome where he won the silver medal in the lightweight category. Tan broke the oldest-standing world record in the lightweight category in the clean and jerk in 1958, he was the only Singaporean Olympic medalist until the 2008 Summer Olympics. Tan was born on 5 May 1933, in Swatow, where he was the third of eight siblings; when he was four years old, he emigrated with his family to settle in Singapore, where he grew up in Chinatown. Tan's Teochew father died when Tan was 14. Tan left school after his first year at a secondary school. Tan's weightlifting career started when he walked past the former World Amusement Park with his friends one day. There, Tan became intrigued with the sport. Tan showed potential for weightlifting. After one year of training, Tan 20, became the national junior and senior champion in the lightweight division in 1953; the lack of financial support meant that Tan had to pay out of his own pocket to finance his training and expenses.

At that time, Tan was working as a clerk at Cathay Organisation. He worked as a mechanic. However, he plodded on, after promising his late father that "One day, I will be the strongest man in the world". However, Tan tasted defeat at the 1956 Summer Olympics. After lifting 236.75 pounds in the press, Tan attempted to lift a weight five pounds heavier, but blacked out and narrowly escaped injury. After he was revived, he refused, he went on to lift 220.75 pounds for the snatch and 314 pounds for the clean and jerk to earn ninth place. In 1958, Tan established a world record with a lift of 347 pounds in the jerk for the lightweight division at the 6th British Empire and Commonwealth Games, now known as the Commonwealth Games, in Cardiff, he won a gold at the 3rd Asian Games in Tokyo that year. In 1959, Tan won a gold medal at the inaugural Southeast Asian Peninsular Games, now known as the in Bangkok. On 8 September 1960, Tan made another attempt at the Olympics in Rome. In the lightweight category competition held at the Palazetto Dello Sports Hall, Russia's Viktor Bushuev had won the gold by breaking the world record.

It was down to Iraq's Abdul Wahid Aziz for the silver medal. Tan had one jerk lift left when he felt some pain in his legs; the doctors advised that he return to the Athlete's Village for treatment, which would have meant a withdrawal from the competition. However, Tan competed to claim the silver medal, he lifted a total of 380 kg to beat 33 rivals for second place. Tan was unsuccessful, he worked as a taxicab driver for a short stint, before becoming a weight-lifting coach in 1974. After his retirement from competition, Tan was hired as a gym supervisor by the Singapore Sports Council at the Kallang Family ClubFitt in November 1982. Tan's Olympic medal made him the only Singaporean to have won a medal at all the major international games – the SEAP Games, the Asian Games, the Commonwealth Games and the Olympic Games for 48 years, he became the first weightlifter in the world to be awarded the International Weightlifting Federation Gold Award in 1984. In Singapore, Tan was the only athlete to be bestowed the Pingat Jasa Gemilang at the National Day awards.

On 26 June 1996, a commemorative medallion set by the Singapore Mint was launched to celebrate the 1996 Olympic Games at Atlanta. It features Tan on one side of the medallion; when the image is tilted to a certain angle, the picture would show him having lifted the weights. Izzy, the official mascot of the Atlanta Olympics, is featured as a three-dimensional image on the other side of the medallion. In 1999, Tan was nominated for the "Spirit of the Century" award. In the same year, he was nominated for "Singapore's Greatest Athlete" award, but conceded the award to former badminton champion, Wong Peng Soon, a four-time winner in the All England Open Badminton Championships in the 1950s. Tan was featured in Time's "Millennium" series on Singapore sporting greats in 1999. In 2000, McDonald's sponsored Tan's trip to the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney, where he joined the Singapore contingent and attended the weightlifting competition. McDonald's donated S$10,000 with the aim to help revive the sport of weightlifting in Singapore.

McDonald's featured a two-minute special television commercial, titled "We Can Do It", featuring Tan's silver medal-winning feat at the 1960 Rome Olympics. The commercial re-enacts the different stages of Tan's life, from childhood to his triumph at the Olympics. Tan was given the honour of being the flagbearer at the closing ceremony of the National Stadium on 30 June 2007; the leotard and belt which Tan wore during his 10½-hour competition in Rome were put on display in a glass case in the Singapore Sports Council's Sports Museum at the National Stadium. At the 2008 Summer Olympics, Singapore's table tennis players Feng Tianwei, Li Jiawei and Wang Yuegu won the silver medal in the women's team category, ending Tan's 48-year status of being the sole Singaporean Olympic medalist. At the 2012 Summer Olympics, Feng's bronze medal in the women's singles table tennis event meant that Tan was no longer the only Singaporean with an individual Olympic medal. Singapore Sports Council's Hall of Fame – Tan Howe Liang at the Wayback Machine Tan Howe Liang at Olym