The Horniman Museum and Gardens is a museum in Forest Hill, England. Commissioned in 1898, it opened in 1901 and was designed by Charles Harrison Townsend in the Arts and Crafts style, it has displays of anthropology, natural history and musical instruments, is known for its large collection of taxidermied animals. It is a non-departmental public body of the Department for Digital, Culture and Sport and is constituted as a company and registered charity under English law; the museum was founded in 1901 by Frederick John Horniman. Frederick had inherited his father's Horniman's Tea business, which by 1891 had become the world's biggest tea trading business; the cash from the business allowed Horniman to indulge his lifelong passion for collecting, which after travelling extensively had some 30,000 items in his various collections, covering natural history, cultural artefacts and musical instruments. In 1911, an additional building to the west of the main building containing a lecture hall and library, was donated by Frederick Horniman's son Emslie Horniman.
This was designed by Townsend. A new extension, opened in 2002, was designed by Allies and Morrison; the Horniman specialises in anthropology, natural history and musical instruments and has a collection of 350,000 objects. The ethnography and music collections have Designated status. One of its most famous exhibits is the large collection of stuffed animals, it has an aquarium noted for its unique layout. The museum is set in 16 acres of gardens, which include the following features: A Grade II listed conservatory from 1894, moved from Hornimans' family house in Croydon to the present site in the 1980s. A bandstand from 1912 An enclosure for small animals A Butterfly House A nature trail An ornamental garden Plants for materials and foods and dyes A sound garden with large musical instruments for playing A new building, the Pavilion, for working on materials that are outside of the collections, such as from the gardens; the gardens are Grade II listed on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England.
On the London Road wall of the main building is a neoclassical mosaic mural entitled Humanity in the House of Circumstance, designed by Robert Anning Bell and assembled by a group of young women over the course of 210 days. Composed of more than 117,000 individual tesserae, it measures 10 ft × 32 ft and symbolises personal aspirations and limitations; the three figures on the far left represent Art and Music, standing by a doorway symbolising birth, while the armed figure represents Endurance. The two kneeling figures represent Hope, while the central figure symbolises Humanity. Charity stands to the right bearing figs and wine, followed by white-haired Wisdom holding a staff, a seated figure representing Meditation. A figure symbolising Resignation stands by the right-hand doorway, which represents death. A 20 ft totem pole, carved from red cedar, stands outside the museum's main entrance, it was carved in 1985 as part of the American Arts Festival by Nathan Jackson, a Tlingit native Alaskan.
The carvings on the pole depict figures from Alaskan legend of a girl who married a bear, with an eagle at the top. The pole is one of only a handful of totem poles in the United Kingdom, others being on display at the British Museum, the National Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh, Windsor Great Park, Bushy Park, the Yorkshire Sculpture Park, the Pitt Rivers Museum at Oxford, at Alsford's Wharf in Berkhamsted. There is a totem pole in the Royal Albert Memorial Museum in Exeter, it is displayed in their World Cultures galleries. The Horniman Museum contains the CUE building; this opened in 1996 and was designed by local architects Archetype using methods developed by Walter Segal. The building was constructed from sustainable materials, it incorporates passive ventilation. List of music museums Official website Forest Hill image gallery urban75 photo feature Review and Visitor Information for the Horniman Museum
Mother is a short story by Owen Wister, written and published in an anthology titled A House Party: An Account of Stories Told at a Gathering of Famous American Authors, the Storytellers Being Introduced by Paul Leicester Ford. Wister republished his short story in book form in 1907, adding 25 percent new material at the beginning in order to adequately introduce the story and replace the frame, supplied by the anthology; the story is about a young couple living in New York who wish to marry, but must wait until their means are sufficient. The groom-to-be luckily inherits a large sum, intends to invest it wisely in order to live off the income. However, under the influence of an unscrupulous financial advisor, he begins to lose a large portion of his money in dubious investments, his wife-to-be offers sound advice. The plot draws its suspense from determining whether the advice given will work in time for the couple to be able to marry; this short story provides considerable insight into the financial and social interconnections predominant among the middle and upper classes in the quarter century that preceded the stock market crash of 1929.