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St Tudwal's Lighthouse

St Tudwal's Lighthouse on Saint Tudwal's Island West is active, but unstaffed. The site of the lighthouse, which marks the north end of Cardigan Bay, was purchased by Trinity House in 1876 at the sum of £111 and the next year the stone building was complete, it is 10.7 metres tall, with its focal plane at 46 metres. The main white light has a range of 14 nautical miles and its red sector light has a shorter range of 10 nautical miles, it gives 1 red flash every 15 seconds, the intensity being 12,000 candelas. Automated in 1922, it was one of the earlier lights Trinity House automated, it was electrified in 1995. The lighthouse keepers' cottages are now owned and used as a holiday home; the lighthouse building is Grade II listed, as are the lighthousekeeper's cottage and the perimeter walls. List of lighthouses in Wales Hague, D. B. Lighthouses of Wales Their Architecture and Archaeology ISBN 1-871184-08-8 Trinity House Video of lighthouse interior and surroundings, late 1980s

Boone and Crockett Club

The Boone and Crockett Club is an American nonprofit organization that advocates fair chase hunting in support of habitat conservation. The club is North America's oldest wildlife and habitat conservation organization, founded in the United States in 1887 by Theodore Roosevelt; the club was named in honor of hunter-heroes of the day, Daniel Boone and Davy Crockett, whom the club's founders viewed as pioneering men who hunted extensively while opening the American frontier, but realized the consequences of overharvesting game. In addition to authoring a famous "fair chase" statement of hunter ethics, the club worked for the expansion and protection of Yellowstone National Park and the establishment of American conservation in general; the Club and its members were responsible for the elimination of commercial market hunting, creation of the National Park and National Forest Services, National Wildlife Refuge system, wildlife reserves, funding for conservation, all under the umbrella of what is known today as the North American Model of Wildlife Conservation.

Key members of the club have included Theodore Roosevelt, George Bird Grinnell, Madison Grant, Charles Alexander Sheldon, William Tecumseh Sherman, Gifford Pinchot, Frederick Russell Burnham, Charles Deering and Aldo Leopold. Today the Club continues its role as a think-tank, known to the public for maintaining a scoring and data collection system by which native North American big game animals are measured and tracked as a gauge of successful wildlife management; the structure of the Club consists of 17 staff members, 100 Regular Members, 159 Professional Members, thousands of Club Associates. The Club is headquartered in Missoula, the home of the Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation. In December, 1887, Theodore Roosevelt proposed the formation of the Boone and Crockett Club at a dinner at his residence in New York City. In January, 1888, the Club was organized with the following officers and members: President: Theodore Roosevelt Secretary: Archibald Rogers Members: Albert Bierstadt, Heber R. Bishop, Benjamin F. Bristow, J. Coleman Drayton, D.

G. Elliott, George Bird Grinnell, Arnold Hague, James E. Jones, Clarence King, Wm. H. Merrill, Jr, Thomas Paton, John J. Pierrepont, W. Hallett Phillips, E. P. Rogers, Elliott Roosevelt, J. E. Roosevelt, J. W. Roosevelt, Rutherfurd Stuyvesant, W. A. Wadsworth, Bronson Rumsey, Lawrence Rumsey and W. D. Pickett; the Boone and Crockett Club offers many educational camps and workshops through the Boone and Crockett Club Education Programs held at the Theodore Roosevelt Memorial Ranch in Dupuyer, Montana. These education programs at the TRM Ranch are not federally funded, they are supported by the Boone and Crockett Club and by private foundations committed to K-12 education. The Club's Lee and Penny Anderson Conservation Education Program is located on the Club's 6,060 acre working cattle ranch, the Theodore Roosevelt Memorial Ranch and bases out of their 5,000 sq. ft. Rasmuson Wildlife Conservation Center; the RWCC's operating season is from April 1 - October 31. A variety of educational programs are offered during this time including but not limited to K-12 Conservation Education related field trips, the Boone and Crockett Club's own Outdoor Adventure Camps, a nationally accredited Boys Scouts of America High Adventure Camp called MOHAB, a series of hunter education courses, shooting sports events and is available for rental to public, private, NGO, agency and other groups.

James Jordan Buck Hole in the Horn Buck Boone and Crockett Club's Official Website Boone and Crockett Club's Historical Records Philip L. Wright's Boone and Crockett Club Papers, 1902-1997 Boone and Crockett Club Oral History Project

Kyriacos C. Markides

Kyriacos C. Markides is a professor of sociology at the University of Maine who has written several books on Christian mysticism. In his early books he explored first a circle of healers on Cyprus surrounding "Daskalos", who combined some Christian beliefs with shamanistic practices, latterly mystical Christianity through his association with a charismatic elder, Father Maximos, a former monk from Mount Athos, a close disciple when on Athos of the great 20th century Greek Saint Paisios. Markides returned to his Orthodox Christian roots of childhood, centering his latter books around conversations with Fr Maximos when he got posted to Cyprus to be an Abbott, later to be Bishop and Metropolitan. Markides visited him there many times, returns to Mt Athos, the great monastic centre of North Greece where 2.5 thousand monks reside. Markides has given lectures and workshops around the United States and other countries as well as appearing on US television and being interviewed by radio stations and magazines.

There is a wide-ranging interview in two parts with Kevin Allen of Ancient Faith Radio available online as an audio download or transcript. Dr. Markides spoke for the San Antonio, Texas-based South Texas Geriatric Education Center in 2000. In his earlier books Markides seems content to see any psychic phenomenon as of interest and value in itself and is quick to draw parallels between different religions or to gesture towards "the perennial philosophy". However, he has moved away from these assumptions. Speaking to Kevin Allen he avers "... it was a revelation to me that there might be something over and beyond the physical material universe. So, the starting point. Of course, I realized that there are grey areas and there are problematic kinds of phenomena are good, necessarily." It is not clear. In addition Markides has written a book about the political sociology of the Cyprus problem. Markides lives in the Stillwater neighborhood of Old Town, with his wife, whom he describes in his books an eco-feminist and peace activist.

The Magus of Strovolos The Rise and Fall of the Cyprus Republic, Yale University Press, 1977, ISBN 978-0-300-02089-2 Homage to the Sun Fire in the Heart Riding with the Lion The Mountain of Silence: A Search for Orthodox Spirituality, Doubleday, 2001. ISBN 978-0-385-50092-0 Gifts of the Desert: The Forgotten Path of Christian Spirituality, Doubleday, 2005. ISBN 978-0-385-50663-2 Inner River: A Pilgrimage to the Heart of Christian Spirituality, Image, 2012. ISBN 978-0-307-88587-6

Royal Hotel, Birdsville

Royal Hotel is a heritage-listed former hotel, former hospital and now ruin at Adelaide Street, Shire of Diamantina, Australia. It was built c. 1883. It was known as Australian Inland Mission Hospital, AIM Hostel, Birdsville Nursing Home, it was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 21 October 1992. This singled-storeyed sandstone building is thought to have been erected c. 1883 as the Royal Hotel, Birdsville. Although European explorers had passed through the Diamantina district in the 1840s and early 1860s, pastoralists did not occupy this semi-arid region until the mid-1870s when a number of pastoral runs were established. In the early 1880s the towns of Birdsville and Bedourie were established to service the newly taken up pastoral holdings of the Diamantina. Birdsville is reputed to have sprung up around a rough depot constructed by general merchant Matthew Flynn in the late 1870s at the site of the present town, it was known as the Diamantina Crossing and was on the stock route from Boulia south to Adelaide.

By mid-1885, when the township of Birdsville was surveyed, a number of buildings had been erected including a police lock-up, Groth's Royal Hotel, Blair's Birdsville Hotel, Curtain's Tattersalls Hotel, at least 3 stores and a shop. Diamantina Shire was established in 1883, its headquarters were at Birdsville until moved to Bedourie in 1953; the name Birdsville was not adopted until the 1885 survey, is thought to have been suggested by Robert Frew, owner of Pandie Pandie Station, who had a store and shop at the Diamantina Crossing, in reference to the profuse bird life of the district. The township, over 1,000 miles west of Brisbane and 7 miles north of the Queensland-South Australian border, developed as an administrative centre for police and border customs. Nearly all the trade of the town was with Adelaide, it became an important marshalling point for cattle being driven south to markets in South Australia. By 1889 the population of Birdsville was 110, the town had 2 general stores, 3 hotels, a police station, school, 2 blacksmith shops, 2 bakers, a cordial manufacturer, saddler, auctioneer & commission agent, a number of residences.

The population peaked in 1895 at 220. All the buildings in the town were of local sandstone, there being no local timber available. Distance and the lack of good access roads or a railway created prohibitively high transportation costs, so imported building materials were kept to a minimum. Architecturally, the old stone buildings of Birdsville reflect the associations of the town with the entire central "strip" of the Australian continent. Similar buildings are found as far south as Robe in South Australia and as far north as Boulia in Queensland, they are of significance for their illustration of a vernacular style that spread throughout central Australia, across South Australia, the Northern Territory and Queensland. The origin of the style is unknown, but the architectural characteristics are identifiable: built of locally quarried stone with wide verandahs, they efficiently control the extremes of temperature in the hot arid interior of the continent; the earliest section of the Royal Hotel is to have been constructed in 1883, as the first license for this hotel was issued to Alfred William Tucker in that year.

In 1885 Tucker transferred the license to Johann H Groth, on the official survey plan of 1885, the building is marked as Groth's hotel. On 25 January 1886, Groth secured his holding by the purchase of the allotment on which the hotel was located, for £260, the unimproved allotment adjoining this to the south, for £10; each block comprised 2 roods. Title to both blocks passed from Groth in 1898, but the building continued to function as an hotel under several proprietors and licensees until the early 1920s. Mrs Alice Maude Scott was the licensee and owner from c. 1908 until at least 1920, when title passed to Harry Afford, station manager of Birdsville. From 1923 to 1937, the Royal Hotel buildings were leased by the Presbyterian Australian Inland Mission as their first bush nursing home, or hostel, it was staffed by two nursing sisters, the first two arriving in September 1923. At that time the main building was unfurnished. A 1926 photograph shows that parts of two walls of a stone shed at the rear of the hostel had collapsed by this date, was nicknamed the "Hole in the Wall Hospital Store".

A c. 1927 photograph shows an old shed of corrugated iron at the rear of the main hostel building. At that period the AIM was headed by the Rev. Dr John Flynn, working toward establishing a flying doctor and air ambulance service for remote central Australia; such a service could only operate efficiently if it could be contacted so Flynn experimented with radio as a means of communicating between isolated station properties, the Mission's string of bush hostels, the flying doctor/air ambulance. In 1925 he undertook various radio experiments throughout central Australia, including an early attempt at receiving/transmitting from the AIM Hostel in Birdsville. However, it was not until 1929, with Alfred Traeger's invention of the pedal radio, that reliable radio communications were possible for the bush. In September 1929, Traeger installed at the AIM's Birdsville Hostel one of 6 experimental "transceivers" linked to pedal generators, the others being placed at 4 head stations in far western Queensland and at the Aboriginal Mission at Mornington Island, with base station VJI established at Cloncurry.

For the first 18 months, communication was by Morse code, but the system proved enormously popular, soon revolutionised outback communications. Birdsville became reliably connecte

Feim Ibrahimi

Feim Ibrahimi was born on 20 October 1935 in Gjirokastër, southern Albania. Self-taught in his early years, he became the first significant Albanian composer to study in his home country, entering the newly founded Tirana Conservatory in 1962 and studying there with Daija until 1966, he taught composition and harmony at the conservatory, subsequently serving as vice-director of its parent body, the Superior Institute of Arts. His most significant post was as music secretary of the Union of Albanian Artists. From 1992 until his death he taught composition at the Tirana Conservatory; as music secretary during Albania’s period of cultural isolation, Ibrahimi showed himself a capable administrator, exerting a positive influence on Albania’s musical life. Though obliged by his office to defend socialist realism, during his official travels abroad he tried, as much as was possible, to keep up with international musical developments, experimenting in secret with atonality, expressing a private interest in Xenakis as early as 1981, inviting to Albania such avant-garde figures as Stabler.

After the collapse of the communist régime he worked tirelessly to bring Albanian music into the wider European musical arena. In 1991 he was the first President of National Music’s Council, he founded the festival Evenings of New Albanian Music in 1992. In 1994 he founded the artistic society “Pentaton”, aiming to organize several cultural events and to establish a private conservatory for gifted children; some his works are published in England by the Emerson Edition. For his artistic merits, in 1989, the Albanian State conferred him the title “People’s Artist”, the highest artistic title in Albania. Whereas in 2000, the town hall of Tirana conferred him the title “The gratitude of Tirana” for his contribution to the Albanian culture, to the culture of the capital. In 2001, the town hall of Durrës conferred him the Honorary Citizenship. Ibrahimi has won many prizes in national competitions and in “May Concerts”, he has won two Republic prizes – the most important award in the field of creative activity.

In 1990, a concert-portrait, which included a lecture on his music, was organized at the Aalto Theaterfoyer, in Essen. In 1994, at the Brahms-Gesellschaft’s invitation, he was composer-in-residence at the Brahmshaus of Baden-Baden, afterwards he studied electro-acoustic music at Mozarteum in Salzburg. In 1995, his work De Profundis –composed during his residency in Salzburg– was selected for the International Electronic Music Festival in Bourges, France. Ibrahimi’s music includes nearly all genres: instrumental miniatures, chamber music, concertos for solo instruments and orchestra, symphonies and vocal works. Dialogo for cello and piano and the romance E la tua veste è bianca for soprano and piano are the last works of the composer, who died the 2 August 1997 in Turin, Italy. Kenge, Albanian Piano Music, Vol. 1, Kirsten Johnson, Guild GMCD 7257. Rapsodi, Albanian Piano Music, Vol. 2, Kirsten Johnson, Guild GMCD 7300. Eno Koço with Albanian Instrumental Soloists, Eno Koço with the Albanian Radio and Television Symphony Orchestra, Albanian Music Classics CD.