Paleontology or palaeontology (from Greek: paleo, "ancient"; ontos, "being"; and logos, "knowledge") is the study of prehistoriclife forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils. This includes the study of body fossils, tracks (ichnites), burrows, cast-off parts, fossilised feces (coprolites), palynomorphs and chemical residues. Because humans have encountered fossils for millennia, paleontology has a long history both before and after becoming formalized as a science. This article records significant discoveries and events related to paleontology that occurred or were published in the year 1794.
1797 in science
The year 1797 in science and technology involved some significant events. Smithson Tennant demonstrates that diamond is a form of carbon. Joseph Proust proposes the law of definite proportions, which states that elements always combine in small, lagrange publishes his Théorie des fonctions analytiques. Giovanni Battista Venturi describes the Venturi effect, october 22 – André-Jacques Garnerin carries out the first descent using a frameless parachute, a 980 m drop from a balloon in Paris. Thomas Bewick publishes the first volume, Land Birds, of his History of British Birds