1798 Watts

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1798 Watts
Discovery [1]
Discovered by Indiana University
(Indiana Asteroid Program)
Discovery site Goethe Link Obs.
Discovery date 4 April 1949
Designations
MPC designation (1798) Watts
Named after
Chester Watts
(American astronomer)[2]
1949 GC · 1934 VS
1937 RL · 1970 YB
1973 UD6
main-belt · Flora[3]
Orbital characteristics[1]
Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)
Uncertainty parameter 0
Observation arc 82.46 yr (30,117 days)
Aphelion 2.4676 AU
Perihelion 1.9315 AU
2.1996 AU
Eccentricity 0.1219
3.26 yr (1,192 days)
136.39°
0° 18m 7.56s / day
Inclination 6.1941°
44.269°
4.0161°
Known satellites 1[4][a]
Physical characteristics
Dimensions 6.45±0.28 km[5]
6.631±0.186 km[6]
6.986±0.060 km[7]
7.14 km (calculated)[3]
3.5060±0.0004
0.24 (assumed)[3]
0.2765±0.0258[7]
0.294±0.053[5]
SMASS = S[1] · LS [8] · S[3]
12.8[7] · 12.9[1][3][5] · 13.05±0.17[8]

1798 Watts, provisional designation 1949 GC, is a stony asteroid and binary system from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 7 kilometers in diameter.

It was discovered on 4 April 1949, by IU's Indiana Asteroid Program at Goethe Link Observatory near Brooklyn, Indiana, United States.[9] The asteroid was named for American astronomer Chester Burleigh Watts.[2] Its small minor-planet moon has a period of 26.96 hours.

Orbit and classification[edit]

Watts is a member of the Flora family, a large group of stony S-type asteroids in the inner main-belt. It orbits the Sun at a distance of 1.9–2.5 AU once every 3 years and 3 months (1,192 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.12 and an inclination of 6° with respect to the ecliptic.[1] Watts was first observed and identified as 1934 VS at Yerkes Observatory in 1934, extending the body's observation arc by 15 years prior to its official discovery observation.[9]

Physical characteristics[edit]

Spectral type[edit]

In the SMASS classification, Watts is characterized as a common stony S-type asteroid.[1] It is also classified as a LS-type by PanSTARRS's photometric survey.[8]

Diameter and albedo[edit]

According to the survey carried out by NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer with its subsequent NEOWISE mission, Watts measures 6.63 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo between 0.276 and 0.294.[5][6][7] The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes an albedo of 0.24 – derived from 8 Flora, the largest member and namesake of this asteroid family – and calculates a diameter of 7.14 kilometers with an absolute magnitude of 12.9.[3]

Moon and lightcurve[edit]

In February 2017, a rotational lightcurve of Watts was obtained from photometric observations by . Lightcurve analysis gave a rotation period of 3.5060 hours with a low brightness amplitude of 0.06 magnitude, indicating that the body has a spheroidal shape (U=n.a.). [a]

During the photometric observations, a minor-planet moon was discovered, making Watts a binary asteroid. The satellite of the synchronous binary has an orbital period of 26.96 hours.[4][a]

Naming[edit]

This minor planet was named in honour of American astronomer Chester Burleigh Watts (1889–1971), a graduate of Indiana University. He worked at the United States Naval Observatory for 44 years, making distinguished contributions in the field of positional astronomy and pioneered in the field of automation of transit circle observations, which led to results of the highest systematic accuracy. From the late 1940 until 1963 he meticulously mapped every feature on the marginal zone of the Moon.[2] The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center before November 1977 (M.P.C. 3508).[10]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c D. Pray (2017), photometry for (1798) Watts at Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link (CALL). Currently 2017CBET.4374....1P is missing on the SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 1798 Watts (1949 GC)" (2017-04-30 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1798) Watts. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 144. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "LCDB Data for (1798) Watts". Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Johnston, Robert (19 March 2017). "(1798) Watts". johnstonsarchive.net. Retrieved 8 June 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c d Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Nugent, C.; et al. (November 2012). "Preliminary Analysis of WISE/NEOWISE 3-Band Cryogenic and Post-cryogenic Observations of Main Belt Asteroids". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 759 (1): 5. arXiv:1209.5794Freely accessible. Bibcode:2012ApJ...759L...8M. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/759/1/L8. Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  6. ^ a b Masiero, Joseph R.; Grav, T.; Mainzer, A. K.; Nugent, C. R.; Bauer, J. M.; Stevenson, R.; et al. (August 2014). "Main-belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE: Near-infrared Albedos". The Astrophysical Journal. 791 (2): 11. arXiv:1406.6645Freely accessible. Bibcode:2014ApJ...791..121M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/791/2/121. Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c d Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Masiero, J.; Hand, E.; Bauer, J.; Tholen, D.; et al. (November 2011). "NEOWISE Studies of Spectrophotometrically Classified Asteroids: Preliminary Results" (PDF). The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 25. arXiv:1109.6407Freely accessible. Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...90M. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/90. Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c Veres, Peter; Jedicke, Robert; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Denneau, Larry; Granvik, Mikael; Bolin, Bryce; et al. (November 2015). "Absolute magnitudes and slope parameters for 250,000 asteroids observed by Pan-STARRS PS1 - Preliminary results". Icarus. 261: 34–47. arXiv:1506.00762Freely accessible. Bibcode:2015Icar..261...34V. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.007. Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  9. ^ a b "1798 Watts (1949 GC)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  10. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 19 December 2016. 

External links[edit]