1798 in Ireland
Other events of 1798|
List of years in Ireland
Events from the year 1798 in Ireland.
- 30 March – martial law is proclaimed in Ireland.
- Spring – United Irishman and publisher Peter Finnerty is convicted and imprisoned for seditious libel.
- April – the "dragooning of Ulster": Lieutenant-General Lake, Commander-in-Chief, Ireland, issues a proclamation ordering the surrender of all arms by the civil population of Ulster, effectively disarming the United Irishmen.
- 21 April – Patrick (or William) "Staker" Wallace of the United Irishmen is flogged at Ballinvreena for plotting the assassination of Captain Charles Silver Oliver. He is hanged either immediately afterwards or in early July at Kilfinane.
- 19 May – rebel leader Lord Edward FitzGerald is arrested in Dublin, later dying of wounds received.
- 24 May – first clashes of the rebellion against British rule.
- 2:00AM – Battle of Prosperous: the United Irishmen seize the model cotton manufacturing town of Prosperous, County Kildare, from the British garrison.
- 2:30AM – Battle of Naas: the United Irishmen are repelled by the British garrison.
- 7:00–9:00AM – Battle of Kilcullen: the United Irishmen are repelled by the British army; remaining rebels surrender at Knockaulin Hill on 27 May. The British Army in the Midlands withdraws to Naas.
- 25 May
- 26 May
- 27 May – Battle of Oulart Hill: Wexford rebels led by Father Murphy again defeat the militia.
- 28 May – Wexford Rebellion: Rebels take Enniscorthy.
- 29 May – Gibbet Rath massacre: Summary execution of 300–500 rebels by the British Army on the Curragh of Kildare.
- 30 May – rebels occupy the town of Wexford.
- 1 June – Republican government set up in County Wexford.
- 4 June – Battle of Tuberneering: United Irishmen led by Father Murphy ambush and defeat British forces in north Wexford.
- 5 June – Battle of New Ross: Wexford rebels are defeated by the British Army.
- 7 June – Carnew is burned by rebels led by Anthony Perry.
- 9 June
- 12 June – Battle of Ballynahinch: the British Army defeats rebels in County Down. The rebel leader Henry Munro is betrayed and hanged on 16 June in Lisburn.
- 14 June – Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
- 19 June – Battle of Ovidstown: British forces defeat United Irishmen led by William Aylmer near Kilcock, County Kildare.
- 21 June – Battle of Vinegar Hill fought in and nearby Enniscorthy. The British regain control of County Wexford.
- 22 June – Thomas Judkin-Fitzgerald, High Sheriff of Tipperary, initiates floggings of those in Carrick-on-Suir thought to support the United Irishmen.
- 22 August – a force of French troops led by General Jean Joseph Amable Humbert lands near Killala in County Mayo and Humbert proclaims an Irish Republic.
- 27 August – Battle of Castlebar: A combined force of French and United Irishmen under Humbert defeats the British militia under General Lake in County Mayo. Effective start of the Republic of Connacht.
- 31 August – Humbert proclaims a Republic of Connacht, with John Moore as President.
- 8 September – the French force is defeated by General Cornwallis at the Battle of Ballinamuck in County Longford. End of the Republic of Connacht.
- 16 September – a force of seventy armed United Irishmen led by James Napper Tandy in the French corvette Anacréon makes a brief and fruitless landing on Inishmacadurn in support of the rebellion.
- 23 September – Battle of Killala: in the last land battle of the rebellion, the British army defeats the remaining rebel Irish and French forces at Killala.
- 12 October – Battle of Tory Island: a British Royal Navy squadron under Sir John Borlase Warren prevents French Republican ships landing reinforcements for the United Irishmen on the Donegal coast; Wolfe Tone is captured.
Arts and literature
- 15 January – Thomas Crofton Croker, antiquary (died 1854)
- 3 April – John Banim, dramatist and playwright (died 1842).
- 28 May – Alexander Workman, politician in Canada and Mayor of Ottawa (died 1891).
- 11 August – Dominick Daly, Governor of Prince Edward Island, later Governor of South Australia (died 1868).
- 26 August – John McClintock, 1st Baron Rathdonnell, politician and Lord Lieutenant of County Louth (died 1879).
- 1 November – Benjamin Guinness, brewer and philanthropist (died 1868).
- 10 December – George Fletcher Moore, explorer and writer (died 1886).
- 13 December – James Henry, physician, classical scholar and poet (died 1876).
- 4 June – Lord Edward FitzGerald, aristocrat and revolutionary (born 1763).
- 17 July – Henry Joy McCracken, cotton manufacturer and industrialist, Presbyterian and a founding member of the Society of the United Irishmen (born 1767).
- 6 September – Walter Patterson, first British colonial Governor of Prince Edward Island (b. c1735).
- 30 September – Molyneux Shuldham, 1st Baron Shuldham, naval officer and colonial governor of Newfoundland (b. c1717).
- 19 November – Theobald Wolfe Tone, leading figure in the United Irishmen, died from self-inflicted wound after being sentenced to death for his part in the Irish Rebellion of 1798 (born 1763).
- Everett, Jason M., ed. (2006). "1798". The People's Chronology. Thomson Gale.
- Moody, T. W.; Martin, F. X., eds. (1967). The Course of Irish History. Cork: Mercier Press. p. 374.
- Bartlett, Thomas; Jeffery, Keith (1997). A Military History of Ireland. Cambridge University Press. p. 279. ISBN 0-521-62989-6.
- Chambers, L. (1998). Rebellion in Kildare 1790–1803. ISBN 1-85182-363-8.
- Bartlett, Thomas (2003). 1798: A Bicentennial Perspective. Dublin: Four Courts Press. ISBN 1-85182-430-8.
- Coady, Michael (1999). "The Sheriff comes to town". Full Tide: a miscellany. Nenagh: Relay Books. pp. 104–11. ISBN 9780946327270.
- "Diary of an Expedition: Humbert's Army of Ireland, 1798". 1798 Ireland. Retrieved 2012-08-31.
- Pakenham, Thomas (1969). The Year of Liberty: The Story of the Great Irish Rebellion of 1798. London: Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 0-679-74802-4.
- Stock, Joseph (1800). A Narrative of what passed at Killalla, in the County of Mayo, and the parts adjacent, during the French invasion in the summer of 1798. Dublin; London.